Military ranks of the Philippines

Summary

The following list presents the ranks and insignia of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.

Introduction

The current Philippine military ranks are inspired partially by the very first military insignia used by the military forces during the Philippine Revolution of 1896 and the Philippine–American War, and the insignia used by the Philippine Constabulary raised in 1902 during the final days of the Philippine–American War, which was basically the same style of insignia used by the United States Army at that time. Elements of both the US army ranks and the old Philippine Army appear in the current ranks; this was reflected at the general officers insignia and enlisted ranks that resembled those of the US military (the silver stars used by generals and admirals were used by field grade officers in the First Republic), the field officers [like colonels], whose insignia are suns, use those insignia used by general officers of the Revolutionary Army. Company rank insignia[i.e. captain], consisting of a silver triangle, are a recent creation. Both company grade and field grade officer insignia have the baybayin letter ka ( K) in the middle, another throwback to the days of the war for independence, and even in the medal used by second-level members of the Katipunan during meetings, in which the letter is in the center.

Revolutionary Army ranks

These rank insignia for the nascent army were created in late 1896, replacing the earlier rank insignia used by the Katipuneros containing the letter K (ka). Ranks were then worn on the sleeves of all uniforms.[1]

Shoulder epaulette insignia was introduced in late 1898, some time after the declaration of Philippine independence. It is worthy of mention that the insignia for the rank of Second Lieutenant and Major has three silver and gold stars, respectively, and the number of stars are reduced when promoted.

Officer ranks

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Shoulder insignia[2]
(1899–1901)
PR General SE.svg PR Teniente General SE.svg PR General de Division SE.svg PR General de Brigada SE.svg PR Coronel SE.svg PR Teniente Coronel SE.svg PR Comandante SE.svg PR Capitan SE.svg PR Teniente SE.svg PR Alferez SE.svg
Sleeve insignia PR Ministro Mariscal.svg PR General.svg PR Teniente General.svg PR Mayor General.svg PR General de Brigada.svg PR Coronel.svg PR Teniente Coronel.svg PR Mayor.svg PR Capitán.svg PR Teniente.svg Blank.svg
English Minister Marshal General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant

Tagalog Ministrong mariskal Heneral Tenyente heneral Heneral ng dibisyon Heneral ng brigada Koronel Tenyente koronel Komandante Kapitán Tenyente Alpéres

Spanish Ministro mariscal General Teniente general General de división General de brigada Coronel Teniente coronel Comandante Capitán Teniente Alférez

Other ranks

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Sleeve insignia PR Sargento.svg PR Cabo.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
English Sergeant Corporal Private Civil guardsman first class Civil guardsman

Tagalog Sarhento Kabo Privato

Spanish Sargento Cabo Privento

Present rank insignia of the Philippine armed forces

The current AFP insignia used today are a modification of the system first used in 1954–55 as part of the Filipinization of the military forces by then President and former Secretary of National Defense Ramon Magsaysay, ending years of the US-styled rank system in place since 1935. Prior to that period, the Philippines used the same rank insignia of the United States Armed Forces with modifications for Philippine conditions.[3]

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
 Philippine Army[4]
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Commandant Lieutenant Commandant First Lieutenant Sub-Lieutenant
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant


 Philippine Navy
PN ADM WhtDr.svgPN ADM BlkDr-Slv.svg PN VADM WhtDr.svgPN VADM BlkDr-Slv.svg PN RADM WhtDr.svgPN RADM BlkDr-Slv.svg PN CDRE WhtDr.svgPN CDRE BlkDr-Slv.svg PN CPT BlkDr-Slv.svg PN CDR BlkDr-Slv.svg PN LTCDR BlkDr-Slv.svg PN LTSG BlkDr-Slv.svg PN LTJG BlkDr-Slv.svg PN ENS BlkDr-Slv.svg
Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant commander Lieutenant Lieutenant (junior grade) Ensign


 Philippine Marine Corps
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant


Philippine Coast Guard[5]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant commander Lieutenant Lieutenant (junior grade) Ensign


 Philippine Air Force[6]
PAF GEN Svc.svg PAF LTGEN Svc.svg PAF MGEN Svc.svg PAF BGEN Svc.svg PAF COL Svc.svg PAF LTC Svc.svg PAF MAJ Svc.svg PAF CPT Svc.svg PAF 1LT Svc.svg PAF 2LT Svc.svg
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant


Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet

Other ranks

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
 Philippine Army[4]
PHIL ARMY CMSG WOODLAND.svg PHIL ARMY SMSG WOODLAND.svg PHIL ARMY MSG WOODLAND.svg PHIL ARMY TSG WOODLAND.svg PHIL ARMY SSG WOODLAND.svg PHIL ARMY SGT WOODLAND.svg PHIL ARMY CPL WOODLAND.svg PHIL ARMY PFC WOODLAND.svg PHIL ARMY PVT WOODLAND.svg
Chief master sergeant Senior master sergeant Master sergeant Technical sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private first class Private


 Philippine Navy
PN MCPO Slv.svg PN SCPO Slv.svg PN CPO Slv.svg PN PO1 Slv.svg PN PO2 Slv.svg PN PO3 Slv.svg PN SN1 Slv.svg PN SN2 Slv.svg PN SN Slv.svg
Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty officer, first class Petty officer, second class Petty officer, third class Seaman first class Seaman second class Seaman apprentice


 Philippine Marine Corps
PMC CMSG Slv.svg PMC SMSG Slv.svg PMC MSG Slv.svg PMC FSG Slv.svg PMC TSG Slv.svg PMC SSG Slv.svg PMC SGT Slv.svg PMC CPL Slv.svg PMC PFC Slv.svg PMC PVT Slv.svg
Chief master sergeant Senior master sergeant Master sergeant First sergeant Technical sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private first class Private


Philippine Coast Guard[5]
Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-9b.svg Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-9a.svg Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-8.svg Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-7.svg Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-6.svg Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-5.svg Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-4.svg Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-2.svg Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-1.svg
Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty officer, first class Petty officer, second class Petty officer, third class Seaman first class Seaman second class Seaman apprentice


 Philippine Air Force[6]
PAF CMSG FD.svg PAF SMSG FD.svg PAF MSGT FD.svg PAF TSG FD.svg PAF SSG FD.svg PAF SGT FD.svg PAF A1C FD.svg PAF A2C FD.svg PAF AR FD.svg
Chief master sergeant Senior master sergeant Master sergeant Technical sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Airman first class Airman second class Recruit
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted

See also

References

  1. ^ Alvarez, Santiago V. (1992). The Katipunan and the Revolution: Memoirs of a General : with the Original Tagalog Text. Ateneo University Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-971-550-077-7.
  2. ^ "Infographic: Army of the First Philippine Republic". malacanang.gov.ph. Presidential Museum and Library. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  3. ^ Miller, Alen G. (1993). "National Security". In Ronald E., Dolan (ed.). Philippines: a country study. Area Handbook (4th ed.). Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. p. 272. LCCN 92039812. Retrieved November 20, 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Ranks and insignia". army.mil.ph. Philippine Army. Archived from the original on April 28, 2010. Retrieved November 20, 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Philippine Coast Guard Basic Training Manual". Annex D-E: Philippine Coast Guard Education Training and Doctrine Command. 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  6. ^ a b "Ranks". paf.mil.ph. Philippine Air Force. Archived from the original on October 18, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2021.