Military ranks of the Thai armed forces

Summary

The shoulder insignia and ranks of the Royal Thai Armed Forces.

The Military ranks of Thailand are the military insignia used by the Royal Thai Armed Forces. The officer ranks are influenced by the ranks of the United States, while the other ranks are influenced by those of France.[1]

Royal Thai Army

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
 Royal Thai Army[2]
Field Marshal General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Sub Lieutenant
จอมพล
Chom phon
พลเอก
Phon ek
พลโท
Phon tho
พลตรี
Phon tri
พลจัตวา
Phon chattawa
พันเอก
Phan ek
พันโท
Phan tho
พันตรี
Phan tri
ร้อยเอก
Roi ek
ร้อยโท
Roi tho
ร้อยตรี
Roi tri
นักเรียนนายร้อย
Nak-rian nairoi
Anglicised
version
Field marshal General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier
(no longer used)
Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant Army Cadet Officer
Abbreviation[3] - พล.อ.
GEN
พล.ท.
LT GEN
พล.ต.
MAJ GEN
พล.จ.
BRIG.
พ.อ.
COL
พ.ท.
LT COL
พ.ต.
MAJ
ร.อ.
CAPT
ร.ท.
1LT
ร.ต.
2LT
นนร.
-

Other ranks

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
 Royal Thai Army[2]
Master Sergeant 1st Class Master Sergeant 2nd Class Master Sergeant 3rd Class Sergeant Corporal Private 1st Class No insignia
จ่าสิบเอก
C̀ā s̄ib xek
จ่าสิบโท
C̀ā s̄ib tho
จ่าสิบตรี
C̀ā s̄ib trī
สิบเอก
S̄ip xek
สิบโท
S̄ip tho
สิบตรี
S̄ip tri
พลทหาร
Phon thahan
Anglicised
version
Sergeant Major 1st Class Sergeant Major 2nd Class Sergeant Major 3rd Class Sergeant Corporal Private 1st Class Private
Abbreviation[3] จ.ส.อ.
SM1
จ.ส.ท.
SM2
จ.ส.ต.
SM3
ส.อ.
SGT
ส.ท.
CPL
ส.ต.ฯ
PFC
พลฯ
PVT

Private 1st class is a rank assigned to conscripts after they have finished specialist training. They wear the same insignia as a lance corporal, who is a member who has completed his conscription obligation, and who has undertaken training at NCO school.

The rank of "Special Sergeant Major 1st Class" (Thai: จ่าสิบเอกพิเศษ, romanizedCha Sip Ek Phiset) is an honorary rank given to senior enlisted members who are deserving of recognition above and beyond that of the highest enlisted rank. There is no difference in the rank insignia worn, and they do not outrank the normal master sergeant 1st class, although in a group situation they will normally be assigned control. They receive a higher salary. In the same way, the RTN has the rating of "fleet chief petty officer (special rank)" and the RTAF has the rank of "special flight sergeant 1st class".[citation needed]

Royal Thai Navy

The Royal Thai Navy is the sea-based part of the Thai military. The Royal Thai Marine Corps is part of the RTN, and uses the same rank structure. Depending on the uniform, the rank insignia can be located on the shoulder (on white and khaki uniforms) or on the sleeves (on dark blue uniforms).

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
 Royal Thai Navy[2]
Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Lieutenant Junior Grade Sub Lieutenant
จอมพลเรือ
Chom phon ruea
พลเรือเอก
Phon ruea ek
พลเรือโท
Phon ruea tho
พลเรือตรี
Phon ruea tri
พลเรือจัตวา
Phon ruea chattawa
นาวาเอก
Nawa ek
นาวาโท
Nawa tho
นาวาตรี
Nawa tri
เรือเอก
Ruea ek
เรือโท
Ruea tho
เรือตรี
Ruea tri
นักเรียนนายเรือ
Nak-rian nairuea
Anglicised
version
Admiral of the fleet Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Commodore
(no longer used)
Captain Commander Lieutenant commander Lieutenant Lieutenant junior grade Sub-lieutenant Midshipman
Abbreviation[3] - พล.ร.อ.
ADM
พล.ร.ท.
VADM
พล.ร.ต.
RADM
พล.ร.จ.
CMD
น.อ.
CAPT
น.ท.
CDR
น.ต.
LCDR
ร.อ.
LT
ร.ท.
LT JG
ร.ต.
SUB LT
นนร.
-

Naval officers will additionally add the post-nominal ร.น. as an abbreviation for ราชนาวี (râat-chá-naa-wee, literally "the Royal Navy").

Other ranks

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
 Royal Thai Navy[2]
Chief Petty Officer 1st Class Chief Petty Officer 2nd Class Chief Petty Officer 3rd Class Petty Officer 1st Class Petty Officer 2nd Class Petty Officer 3rd Class No insignia
พันจ่าเอก
Phan cha ek
พันจ่าโท
Phan cha tho
พันจ่าตรี
Phan cha tri
จ่าเอก
Cha ek
จ่าโท
Cha tho
จ่าตรี
Cha tri
พลทหาร
Phon thahan


Anglicised
version
Chief petty officer 1st class Chief petty officer 2nd class Chief petty officer 3rd class Petty officer 1st class Petty officer 2nd class Petty officer 3rd class Seaman
Abbreviation[3] พ.จ.อ.
CPO1
พ.จ.ท.
CPO2
พ.จ.ต.
CPO3
จ.อ.
PO1
จ.ท.
PO2
จ.ต.
PO3
พลฯ
-

The rank of "Fleet chief petty officer" (Thai: พันจ่าเอกพิเศษ, romanizedPhan cha ek phiset) is an honorary rank given to senior enlisted members who are deserving of recognition above and beyond that of the highest enlisted rank. There is no difference in the rank insignia worn, and they do not outrank the normal master sergeant 1st class, although in a group situation they will normally be assigned control. They receive a higher salary.[citation needed]

Royal Thai Air Force

The Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF) (กองทัพอากาศไทย, RTGS Kong Thap Akat Thai, IPA: [kɔːŋ tháp ʔaːkàːt thaj]) is the air based part of the Thai military. The rank system is modelled after that of the British Royal Air Force (RAF), but unlike the RAF, officers' cuff rank insignia are topped by a star above the lace stripes and all air marshals' rank insignia are also determined by one to five stars on the shoulder board.

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
 Royal Thai Air Force[2]
Marshal of the Royal Thai Air Force Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer
จอมพลอากาศ
Chom phon akat
พลอากาศเอก
Phon akat ek
พลอากาศโท
Phon akat tho
พลอากาศตรี
Phon akat tri
พลอากาศจัตวา
Phon akat chattawa
นาวาอากาศเอก
Nawa akat ek
นาวาอากาศโท
Nawa akat tho
นาวาอากาศตรี
Nawa akat tri
เรืออากาศเอก
Ruea akat ek
เรืออากาศโท
Ruea akat tho
เรืออากาศตรี
Ruea akat tri
นักเรียนนายเรืออากาศ
Nak-rian nairuea akat


Anglicised version Marshal of the Air Force Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice Marshal Air Commodore
(no longer used)
Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer Air Cadet
Abbreviation[3] พล.อ.อ.
ACM
พล.อ.ท.
AM
พล.อ.ต.
AVM
พล.อ.จ.
ACMD
น.อ.
GP CAPT
น.ท.
WG CDR
น.ต.
SQN LDR
ร.อ.
FLT LT
ร.ท.
FLG OFF
ร.ต.
PLT OFF
นนอ.
-

Other ranks

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
 Royal Thai Air Force[2]
Flight Sergeant 1st Class Flight Sergeant 2nd Class Flight Sergeant 3rd Class Sergeant Corporal Leading Aircraftman No insignia
พันจ่าอากาศเอก
Phan cha akat ek
พันจ่าอากาศโท
Phan cha akat tho
พันจ่าอากาศตรี
Phan cha akat tri
จ่าอากาศเอก
Cha akat ek
จ่าอากาศโท
Cha akat tho
จ่าอากาศตรี
Cha akat tri
พลทหาร
Phon thahan
Anglicised version Flight sergeant 1st class Flight sergeant 2nd class Flight sergeant 3rd class Sergeant Corporal Leading aircraftman Aircraftman
Abbreviation[3] พ.อ.อ.
FS1
พ.อ.ท.
FS2
พ.อ.ต.
FS3
จ.อ.
SGT
จ.ท.
CPL
จ.ต.
LAC
พลฯ
AMN

The rank of "Special flight sergeant 1st class" (Thai: พันจ่าอากาศเอกพิเศษ, romanizedPhan cha akat ek phiset) is an honorary rank given to senior enlisted members who are deserving of recognition above and beyond that of the highest enlisted rank. There is no difference in the rank insignia worn, and they do not outrank the normal master sergeant 1st class, although in a group situation they will normally be assigned control. They receive a higher salary.[citation needed]

Royal Thai Police

The Royal Thai Police (RTP) is sometimes considered as the fourth armed service of Thailand (๔ เหล่าทัพ), but reports directly to the Prime Minister's Department rather than to the Ministry of Defense. The Royal Thai Police share the same rank system as the Royal Thai Army but the particularities of the police are the star representing the commissioned officer and the crown over the star. The Royal Thai Police uses the eight-pointed silver star and the silver crown with a halo on top, while the Royal Thai Army uses the five-pointed gold star and the gold crown with no halo for its officer shoulder boards.

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Royal Thai Police
RTP OF-9 (Police General).svg RTP OF-8 (Police Lieutenant General).svg RTP OF-7 (Police Major General).svg RTP OF-6 (Police Brigadier).svg RTP OF-5 (Police Colonel).svg RTP OF-4 (Police Lieutenant Colonel).svg RTP OF-3 (Police Major).svg RTP OF-2 (Police Captain).svg RTP OF-1b (Police Lieutenant).svg RTP OF-1a (Police Sub Lieutenant).svg
พลตำรวจเอก
Phon Tam Ruad Ek
พลตำรวจโท
Phon Tam Ruad Tho
พลตำรวจตรี
Phon Tam Ruad Tri
พลตำรวจจัตวา
Phon Tam Ruad Jattawa
พันตำรวจเอก
Phan Tam Ruad Ek
พันตำรวจโท
Phan Tam Ruad Tho
พันตำรวจตรี
Phan Tam Ruad Tri
ร้อยตำรวจเอก
Roi Tam Ruad Ek
ร้อยตำรวจโท
Roi Tam Ruad Tho
ร้อยตำรวจตรี
Roi Tam Ruad Tri
นักเรียนนายร้อยตำรวจ
Nak Rian Nai Roi Tam Ruad
Abbreviation[4] พล.ต.อ. พล.ต.ท. พล.ต.ต. พล.ต.จ. พ.ต.อ. พ.ต.ท. พ.ต.ต. ร.ต.อ. ร.ต.ท. ร.ต.ต. นรต.
Anglicised version Police General Police Lieutenant General Police Major General Police Brigadier (Formerly Police Senior Colonel) Police Colonel Police Lieutenant Colonel Police Major Police Captain Police Lieutenant Police Sub Lieutenant Police Cadet Officer
UK equivalent Army ranks/Police ranks General
Commissioner
Lieutenant General
Deputy Commissioner
Major General
Assistant Commissioner
Brigadier
Commander
Colonel
Chief Superintendent
Lieutenant Colonel
Divisional Superintendent
Major
Superintendent
Captain
Chief Inspector
Lieutenant
Inspector
Second Lieutenant
Subdivisional Inspector
Officer Cadet

Non-Commissioned Officers

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Royal Thai Police
Police senior sergeant major Police sergeant major Police sergeant Police corporal Police lance corporal No insignia
ดาบตำรวจ
Dap Tamruat
จ่าสิบตำรวจ
Cha Sip Tamruat
สิบตำรวจเอก
Sip Tamruat Ek
สิบตำรวจโท
Sip Tamruat Tho
สิบตำรวจตรี
Sip Tamruat Tri
พลตำรวจ
Phon Tamruat
English Police sergeant major Police staff sergeant Police sergeant Police corporal Police lance corporal Police constable

Volunteer Defense Corps (Thailand)

The Volunteer Defense Corps (กองอาสารักษาดินแดน; abbreviated VDC) is a Thai paramilitary under the authority of the Department Of Provincial Administration, Ministry of Interior.[5] It was founded in 1954 to provide extra military support to the Royal Thai Armed Forces and to protect local civilians living near Thailand's borders. Its ranks mirror those of both the RTA and the RTP.[6]

Officers
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Volunteer Defense Corps Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Thailand VDC OF-2.svg Thailand VDC OF-1b.svg Thailand VDC OF-1a.svg
VDC General VDC Colonel VDC Lieutenant Colonel VDC Major VDC Captain VDC First Lieutenant VDC Second Lieutenant
VDC Gen VDC Col VDC Lt Col VDC Maj VDC Capt VDC 1st Lt VDC 2nd Lt
Enlisted
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Volunteer Defense Corps OR-9-8 Volunteer Defense Corps Sergeant Major.png OR-5 Volunteer Defense Corps Sergeant.png OR-4 Volunteer Defense Corps Corporal.png OR-3 Volunteer Defense Corps Lance Corporal.png No insignia
VDC Sergeant Major VDC Sergeant VDC Corporal VDC Lance Corporal VDC Member
VDC Sgt Maj VDC Sgt VDC Cpl VDC Lcpl VDC Mbr

Rank structure

Chom (จอม) (Also used as Chom Thap (จอมทัพ)) is Head of Forces, there can only be one Chom Thap at a time, the King is the Chom Thap.[7] (Phon พล.) Ranks below commander-in-chief use Thai alternate numbers.

See also

References

  1. ^ Haseman, John B. (1989). "National Security". In LePoer, Barbara Leitch (ed.). Thailand: a country study. Area Handbook (6th ed.). Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. p. 265. LCCN 88600485. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "เครื่องหมายยศทหาร" [Military Rank Insignia]. navedu.navy.mi.th (in Thai). Thai Naval Education Department. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f [1] Archived 2016-12-20 at the Wayback Machine, คำสั่งกระทรวงกลาโหมที่ ๓๑๐/๒๕๕๗ เรื่องการใช้คำภาษาอังกฤษยศทหารของกระทรวงกลาโหม.
  4. ^ [2], กรมการกงสุล กระทรวงการต่างประเทศ
  5. ^ http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2559/A/006/26.PDF
  6. ^ 63 Years of Volunteer Defense Corps (Thailand) in 2017 News page 78-79
  7. ^ "Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters English version". Archived from the original on 2009-04-18. Retrieved 2014-05-11.

External links

  • Royal Thai Army (Official website - Thai version)
  • Royal Thai Air force (Official website - English version)
  • Royal Thai Navy (Official website - English version)
  • Thai Ministry of Defence (Official website - English version)
  • Royal Thai Police (Official website)