Minamiizu

Summary

Minamiizu (南伊豆町, Minamiizu-chō) is a town located at the southern tip of Izu Peninsula in Kamo District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2019, the town had an estimated population of 8,231 in 3895 households,[1] and a population density of 74 persons per km². The total area of the town is 110.58 square kilometres (42.70 sq mi)

Minamiizu
南伊豆町
Cape Irōzaki in Minamiizu
Cape Irōzaki in Minamiizu
Flag of Minamiizu
Official seal of Minamiizu
Location of Minamiizu in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Minamiizu in Shizuoka Prefecture
Minamiizu is located in Japan
Minamiizu
Minamiizu
 
Coordinates: 34°39′N 138°52′E / 34.650°N 138.867°E / 34.650; 138.867Coordinates: 34°39′N 138°52′E / 34.650°N 138.867°E / 34.650; 138.867
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu
Tōkai
PrefectureShizuoka
DistrictKamo
Area
 • Total110.58 km2 (42.70 sq mi)
Population
 (July 2019)
 • Total8,231
 • Density74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number0558-62-1111
Address328-2 Shimokamo, Minamiizu-chō, Kamo-gun, Shizuoka-ken 415-0303
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Minamiizu Town Hall
Panorama of Minamiizu coastline

GeographyEdit

Minamiizu occupies the southern tip of Izu Peninsula, a hilly region with an indented ria coastline facing the Philippine Sea of the Pacific Ocean. The area has numerous hot springs. Warmed by the warm Kuroshio Current, the area enjoys a warm maritime climate with hot, humid summers and mild, cool winters. Parts of the town are within the borders of Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park, and the historic Irōzaki Lighthouse is located at the tip of Cape Irōzaki, to the south of town.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Shizuoka Prefecture

ClimateEdit

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Minamiizu is 16.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2028 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 7.3 °C.[2]

Climate data for Cape Irōzaki, Minamiizu (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1939−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
20.2
(68.4)
21.4
(70.5)
24.3
(75.7)
26.4
(79.5)
30.8
(87.4)
33.9
(93.0)
33.6
(92.5)
31.4
(88.5)
29.6
(85.3)
25.0
(77.0)
22.2
(72.0)
33.9
(93.0)
Average high °C (°F) 11.0
(51.8)
11.5
(52.7)
14.0
(57.2)
17.9
(64.2)
21.2
(70.2)
23.6
(74.5)
27.0
(80.6)
28.8
(83.8)
26.3
(79.3)
22.1
(71.8)
17.9
(64.2)
13.4
(56.1)
19.6
(67.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
8.5
(47.3)
11.0
(51.8)
14.9
(58.8)
18.4
(65.1)
21.1
(70.0)
24.5
(76.1)
26.2
(79.2)
23.9
(75.0)
19.7
(67.5)
15.4
(59.7)
10.8
(51.4)
16.9
(62.4)
Average low °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
5.7
(42.3)
8.1
(46.6)
12.1
(53.8)
16.0
(60.8)
19.1
(66.4)
22.7
(72.9)
24.3
(75.7)
21.8
(71.2)
17.5
(63.5)
13.0
(55.4)
8.3
(46.9)
14.5
(58.2)
Record low °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.4
(38.1)
8.4
(47.1)
13.2
(55.8)
14.8
(58.6)
17.4
(63.3)
13.2
(55.8)
9.3
(48.7)
3.8
(38.8)
−0.7
(30.7)
−2.7
(27.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.7
(2.67)
92.4
(3.64)
147.5
(5.81)
152.2
(5.99)
176.9
(6.96)
236.8
(9.32)
203.3
(8.00)
124.9
(4.92)
186.4
(7.34)
193.8
(7.63)
126.6
(4.98)
72.7
(2.86)
1,758.2
(69.22)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 0
(0)
trace 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
trace
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.9 6.9 10.1 9.7 10.3 12.2 9.6 6.6 10.6 9.9 8.5 6.7 107
Average snowy days (≥ 1 cm) 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1
Average relative humidity (%) 60 61 66 72 78 85 88 85 80 72 67 62 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 181.8 173.3 183.5 192.3 198.4 141.4 169.6 228.4 179.3 163.9 161.8 181.7 2,152.7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3][4]


DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[5] the population of Minamiizu has been in decline over the past 60 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 13,383—    
1950 17,696+32.2%
1960 14,547−17.8%
1970 12,219−16.0%
1980 11,722−4.1%
1990 11,200−4.5%
2000 10,304−8.0%
2010 9,512−7.7%

HistoryEdit

During the Edo period, all of Izu Province was tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate, and the area now comprising Minamiizu Town consisted of 25 villages. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system of the early Meiji period in 1889, the area was reorganized into six villages (Minamizaka, Minaminaka, Minamikami, Mizaka, Mihama and Chikuma) within Kamo District. The town of Minamiizu was formed in July 1955 through the merger of these six villages.

Around March 31, 2010, the city of Shimoda and three municipalities in Kamo District (Kawazu, Matsuzaki, and Minamiizu) were scheduled to merge.[6] However, the merger backed out.

EconomyEdit

Tourism based on water sports and the hot spring industry, commercial fishing and farming are mainstays of the local economy.

EducationEdit

Minamiizu has three public elementary schools and two public junior high schools operated by the town government. The town has one public high school operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

Minamiizu does not have any passenger railway service

HighwayEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Minamiizu Town official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Minamiizu climate data
  3. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  4. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  5. ^ Minamiizu population statistics
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-28. Retrieved 2008-09-08.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit

  • Minamiizu official website (Japanese)
  •   Geographic data related to Minamiizu at OpenStreetMap