Minerva (bird)


Minerva is an extinct genus of owls in the prehistoric family Protostrigidae from the Eocene of North America. Described in 1915 by R. W. Shufeldt, some of the bones of Minerva were interpreted as belonging to an edentate mammal by Alexander Wetmore in 1933, who assigned the remaining bones to the new genus Protostrix. Analysis in 1983 re-established the genus Minerva was avian.[1][2]

Temporal range: Eocene
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Strigiformes
Family: Protostrigidae
Genus: Minerva
Shufeldt, 1915
  • M. antiqua (Shufeldt, 1913)
  • M. californiensis (Howard, 1965)
  • M. leptosteus (Marsh, 1871)
  • M. lydekkeri (Shufeldt, 1913)
  • M. saurodosis Wetmore, 1921

Protostrix Wetmore, 1933


  1. ^ Mourer-Chauviré, Cécile; Robert Wilson Shufeldt (1983). "Minerva antiqua (Aves, Strigiformes), an owl mistaken for an edentate mammal". American Museum Novitates (2773). hdl:2246/5314.
  2. ^ Kurochkin, E. N.; Dyke, G. J. (2011). "The first fossil owls (Aves: Strigiformes) from the Paleogene of Asia and a review of the fossil record of Strigiformes". Paleontological Journal. 45 (4): 445–458. doi:10.1134/S003103011104006X. S2CID 84397725.