Minister of Home Affairs (India)

Summary

The Minister of Home Affairs (or simply, the Home Minister, short-form HM) is the head of the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. One of the senior-most officers in the Union Cabinet, the chief responsibility of the Home Minister is the maintenance of India's internal security; the country's large police force comes under its jurisdiction. Occasionally, they are assisted by the Minister of State of Home Affairs and the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of Home Affairs.

Minister of Home Affairs of the Government of India
Griha Mantri
Ministry of Home Affairs India.svg
Flag of India.svg
Portrait of Amit Shah
Incumbent
Amit Shah

since 30 May 2019
Ministry of Home Affairs
StyleThe Honourable Home Minister
TypeCabinet minister
StatusActive
AbbreviationHM
Member ofThe Union Cabinet and The Parliament
Reports toThe Prime Minister
SeatNorth Block, New Delhi
NominatorThe Prime Minister
AppointerThe President
on the advice of the Prime Minister
Term length5 years
No restriction of renewal
Constituting instrumentThe Constitution of India
PrecursorRajnath Singh
(2014-2019)
Formation15 August 1947
First holderSardar Vallabhbhai Patel
(1947-1950)
Unofficial namesHome Minister
DeputyMinister of State in the Ministry of Home AffairsWebsiteThe Ministry of Home Affairs

Ever since the time of independent India's first Home Minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the office has been seen as second in seniority only to the Prime Minister in the Union Cabinet. Like Patel, several Home Ministers have since held the additional portfolio of Deputy Prime Minister. As of February 2020, three Home Ministers have gone on to become the Prime Minister: Lal Bahadur Shastri, Charan Singh and P. V. Narasimha Rao. L.K. Advani, serving from 19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004, has held the office of the Home Minister for the longest continuous period, as of February 2020.

From 26 May 2014 to 30 May 2019, the Home Minister of India was Rajnath Singh of the Bharatiya Janata Party, taking over the reins from Sushilkumar Shinde. On 31 May 2019, following the swearing-in of the Second Modi Ministry Amit Shah assumed the office as its 31st occupant.

List of Home MinistersEdit

Portrait Name Term of office Prime Minister Party
1   Vallabhbhai Patel 15 August 1947 12 December 1950 3 years, 119 days Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress
2   Jawaharlal Nehru 12 December 1950 26 December 1950 14 days
3   C. Rajagopalachari 26 December 1950 5 November 1951 314 days
4
 
Kailash Nath Katju 5 November 1951 10 January 1955 3 years, 66 days
5   Govind Ballabh Pant 10 January 1955 25 February 1961 6 years, 46 days
6   Lal Bahadur Shastri 25 February 1961 1 September 1963 2 years, 188 days
7   Gulzarilal Nanda 1 September 1963 9 November 1966 3 years, 69 days Jawaharlal Nehru
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Indira Gandhi
8   Indira Gandhi 9 November 1966 13 November 1966 4 days Indira Gandhi
9   Yashwantrao Chavan 13 November 1966 27 June 1970 3 years, 226 days
(8)   Indira Gandhi 27 June 1970 5 February 1973 2 years, 223 days
10 Uma Shankar Dikshit 5 February 1973 10 October 1974 1 year, 247 days
11   Kasu Brahmananda Reddy 10 October 1974 24 March 1977 2 years, 165 days
12   Charan Singh 24 March 1977 1 July 1978 1 year, 99 days Morarji Desai Janata Party
13   Morarji Desai 1 July 1978 24 January 1979 207 days
14 Hirubhai M. Patel 24 January 1979 28 July 1979 185 days
(9)   Yashwantrao Chavan 28 July 1979 14 January 1980 170 days Charan Singh Indian National Congress (U)
15   Zail Singh 14 January 1980 22 June 1982 2 years, 159 days Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress
16   Ramaswamy Venkataraman 22 June 1982 2 September 1982 72 days
17 Prakash Chandra Sethi 2 September 1982 19 July 1984 1 year, 321 days
18   P. V. Narasimha Rao 19 July 1984 31 December 1984 165 days Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
19   Shankarrao Chavan 31 December 1984 12 March 1986 1 year, 71 days Rajiv Gandhi
(18)   P. V. Narasimha Rao 12 March 1986 12 May 1986 61 days
20   Buta Singh 12 May 1986 2 December 1989 3 years, 204 days
21   Mufti Mohammad Sayeed 2 December 1989 10 November 1990 343 days V. P. Singh Janata Dal
22   Chandra Shekhar 10 November 1990 21 June 1991 223 days Chandra Shekhar Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
(19)   Shankarrao Chavan 21 June 1991 16 May 1996 4 years, 330 days P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress
23   Murli Manohar Joshi 16 May 1996 1 June 1996 16 days Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party
24   H. D. Deve Gowda 1 June 1996 29 June 1996 28 days H. D. Deve Gowda Janata Dal
25   Indrajit Gupta 29 June 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 263 days H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
Communist Party of India
26   L. K. Advani 19 March 1998 22 May 2004 6 years, 64 days Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party
27   Shivraj Patil 22 May 2004 30 November 2008 4 years, 192 days Manmohan Singh Indian National Congress
28   P. Chidambaram 30 November 2008 31 July 2012 3 years, 244 days
29   Sushilkumar Shinde 31 July 2012 26 May 2014 1 year, 299 days
30   Rajnath Singh 26 May 2014 30 May 2019 5 years, 4 days Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party
31   Amit Shah 30 May 2019 Incumbent 3 years, 190 days

List of Ministers of StateEdit

Ministers of State of Home Affairs
Portrait Name Term Political party
  Subodh Kant Sahay 23 April 1990 21 June 1991 212 days Janata Dal
  Sriprakash Jaiswal 23 May 2004 27 May 2009 5 years, 4 days Indian National Congress
  Mullappally Ramachandran 28 May 2009 26 May 2014 4 years, 363 days
  R. P. N. Singh 28 October 2012 26 May 2014 1 year, 210 days
  Kiren Rijiju 26 May 2014 30 May 2019 5 years, 4 days Bharatiya Janata Party
  Haribhai Parthibhai Chaudhary 9 November 2014 5 July 2016 1 year, 239 days
  Hansraj Gangaram Ahir 5 July 2016 30 May 2019 2 years, 329 days
  G. Kishan Reddy 30 May 2019 7 July 2021 2 years, 38 days
  Nityanand Rai 30 May 2019 Incumbent 3 years, 190 days
  Ajay Mishra Teni 7 July 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 152 days
  Nisith Pramanik

ReferencesEdit

Srinivas.G 7899227799

External linksEdit

  • Home Ministry, Govt. of India
  • Amit Shah take charge of Home Ministry of India 2019