Ministries of the People's Republic of China

Summary

The executive branch of the central government of the People's Republic of China, the 13th State Council, is currently made up of 26 Constituent Departments of the State Council (Chinese: 国务院组成部门; pinyin: Guówùyuàn Zǔchéng Bùmén; lit. 'State Affairs Court Constituent Department(s)').

The 26 cabinet-level executive departments are:

Executive chiefs of each department (ministers in charge of the ministries and commissions, governor of the People's Bank, and auditor-general of the National Audit Office), along with the State Council's premier, vice-premiers, state councilors, and secretary-general, are ex officio members of the cabinet, officially named the Constituent Members of the State Council (Chinese: 国务院组成人员), who together determine major issues at normally semi-annual Plenary Meetings of the State Council (Chinese: 国务院全体会议) .

List of current Constituent DepartmentsEdit

Constituent Departments of the 13th State Council (Li Keqiang Cabinet II: March 2018 – March 2023)
# Logo Name of Department Year Established Current Chief Party Reports To
1   Ministry of Foreign Affairs
外交部
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Wang Yi
王毅
State Councilor and Minister of Foreign Affairs
CCP General Secretary Xi Jinping (Director of the Central Foreign Affairs Commission)
Yang Jiechi (Director of the Central Foreign Affairs Commission Office)
2   Ministry of National Defense
国防部
1954 (of PRC) General
Wei Fenghe
魏凤和
(Member of the Central Military Commission)
State Councilor and Minister of National Defense
CCP General Secretary Xi Jinping (Chairman of the Central Military Commission)
3   National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)
国家发展和改革委员会
2003 He Lifeng
何立峰
(Vice-chairman of the CPPCC National Committee)
Minister in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission
CCP Vice-Premier Han Zheng
4   Ministry of Education (MOE)
教育部
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Huai Jinpeng
怀进鹏
Minister of Education
CCP Vice-Premier Sun Chunlan
5   Ministry of Science and Technology
科学技术部
1998 Wang Zhigang
王志刚
Minister of Science and Technology
CCP Vice-Premier Liu He
6   Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)
工业和信息化部
2008 Xiao Yaqing
肖亚庆
Minister of Industry and Information Technology
CCP
7   National Ethnic Affairs Commission (NEAC)
国家民族事务委员会
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Chen Xiaojiang
陈小江
Minister in charge of the National Ethnic Affairs Commission
CCP You Quan (Head of the CCP Central Committee United Front Work Department)
8   Ministry of Public Security (MPS)
公安部
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Police Commissioner-General [zh]
Zhao Kezhi
赵克志
State Councilor and Minister of Public Security
CCP Guo Shengkun (Secretary of the CCP Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission)
9   Ministry of State Security (MSS)
国家安全部
1983 Police Commissioner-General [zh]
Chen Wenqing
陈文清
Minister of State Security
CCP
10   Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA)
民政部
1978 Tang Dengjie
唐登杰
Minister of Civil Affairs
CCP State Councilor Wang Yong
11   Ministry of Justice
司法部
1979 (re-established)
1954 (of PRC)
1949 (of CPG)
Tang Yijun
唐一军
Minister of Justice
CCP Guo Shengkun (Secretary of the CCP Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission)
12   Ministry of Finance
财政部
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Liu Kun
刘昆
Minister of Finance
CCP Vice-Premier Han Zheng
13   Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security (MOHRSS)
人力资源和社会保障部
2008 Zhang Jinan
张纪南
Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security
CCP Premier Li Keqiang
14   Ministry of Natural Resources
自然资源部
2018 Lu Hao
陆昊
Minister of Natural Resources
CCP Vice-Premier Han Zheng
15   Ministry of Ecology and Environment
生态环境部
2018 Huang Runqiu
黄润秋
Minister of Ecology and Environment
JS
(vice-president)
16   Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
住房和城乡建设部
2008 Wang Menghui
王蒙徽
Minister of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
CCP
17   Ministry of Transport (MOT)
交通运输部
2008 Li Xiaopeng
李小鹏
Minister of Transport
CCP Vice-Premier Liu He
18   Ministry of Water Resources
水利部
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Li Guoying
李国英
Minister of Water Resources
CCP Vice-Premier Hu Chunhua
19   Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
农业农村部
2018 Tang Renjian
唐仁健
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
CCP
20   Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)
商务部
2003 Wang Wentao
王文涛
Minister of Commerce
CCP
21   Ministry of Culture and Tourism
文化和旅游部
2018 Hu Heping
胡和平
Minister of Culture and Tourism
CCP Huang Kunming (Head of the CCP Central Committee Propaganda Department)
22   National Health Commission
国家卫生健康委员会
2018 Ma Xiaowei
马晓伟
Minister in charge of the National Health Commission
CCP Vice-Premier Sun Chunlan
23   Ministry of Veterans Affairs
退役军人事务部
2018 Sun Shaocheng
孙绍骋
Minister of Veterans Affairs
CCP
24   Ministry of Emergency Management
应急管理部
2018 Huang Ming
黄明
Minister of Emergency Management
CCP State Councilor Wang Yong
25 People's Bank of China (PBC)
中国人民银行
1948 Yi Gang
易纲
Governor of the People's Bank of China
CCP Vice-Premier Liu He (Director of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission Office)
26   National Audit Office
审计署
1983 Hou Kai
侯凯
Auditor-General of the National Audit Office
CCP Premier Li Keqiang
∟ Vice-Premier Han Zheng

List of former Constituent DepartmentsEdit

Dissolved ministriesEdit

Name of Ministry Chinese Year Established Year Dissolved Successor(s)
Ministry of Agriculture 农业部 1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
2018 Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
Ministry of Culture 文化部 1975 (re-established) 2018 Ministry of Culture and Tourism
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1970 Culture Group of the State Council [zh]
Ministry of Supervision 监察部 1987 (re-established) 2018 National Supervisory Commission
1954 (of PRC) 1959 Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
Ministry of Land and Resources 国土资源部 1998 2018 Ministry of Natural Resources
Ministry of Environmental Protection 环境保护部 2008 2018 Ministry of Ecology and Environment
Ministry of Railways 铁道部 1975 (re-established) 2013 Ministry of Transport
National Railway Administration
China Railway Corporation
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1975 Ministry of Transport
Ministry of Health 卫生部 1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
2013 National Health and Family Planning Commission
Ministry of Information Industry [zh] 信息产业部 1998 2008 Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
Ministry of Labour and Social Security (China) [zh] 劳动和社会保障部 1998 2008 Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security
Ministry of Personnel [zh] 人事部 1988 2008
Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade (MOFERT)
Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation [zh] (MOFTEC)
(renamed 1993)
对外经济贸易部→对外贸易经济合作部 1982 2003 Ministry of Commerce
Ministry of Domestic Trade [zh] 国内贸易部 1993 1998 State Bureau of Domestic Trade [zh]
Ministry of the Electronics Industry (China) [zh] 电子工业部 1993 1998 Ministry of Information Industry [zh]
1982 1988 Ministry of Machine-Building and Electronics Industry [zh]
Ministry of Electric Industry [zh] 电力工业部 1993 (3rd est.) 1998 State Economic and Trade Commission [zh]
1979 (2nd est.) 1982 Ministry of Water Resources and Electric Power [zh]
1955 (1st est.) 1958
Ministry of Coal Industry [zh] 煤炭工业部 1993 1998 State Bureau of Coal Industry [zh]
Ministry of Metallurgical Industry [zh] (MMI) 冶金工业部 1956 1998 State Bureau of Metallurgical Industry [zh]
Ministry of Chemical Industry [zh] 化学工业部 1978 1998 State Bureau of Petroleum and Chemical Industry [zh]
1956 1970 Ministry of Fuel and Chemial Industry [zh]
Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications [zh] 邮电部 1973 1998 Ministry of Information Industry [zh]
State Post Bureau
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1970 Ministry of Transport
Ministry of Labour [zh] 劳动部 1988 1998 Ministry of Labour and Social Security [zh]
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1970 State Planning Commission [zh]
Ministry of Radio and Television
→ Ministry of Radio, Film and Television [zh] (renamed 1986)
广播电视部→广播电影电视部 1982 1998 State Administration of Radio, Film and Television (SARFT)
Ministry of Geology
→ Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources [zh] (renamed 1982)
地质部→地质矿产部 1979 1998 Ministry of Land and Resources
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1970 State Planning Commission [zh]
Ministry of Forestry [zh] 林业部 1979 1998 State Forestry Administration
Ministry of Machine-Building Industry [zh] 机械工业部 1993 1998 State Bureau of Machine-Building Industry [zh]
1982 1986 State Machine-Building Industry Commission [zh]
Ministry of Machine-Building and Electronics Industry [zh] 机械电子工业部 1988 1993 Ministry of Machine-Building Industry [zh]
Ministry of Electronics Industry
Ministry of Aerospace Industry 航空航天工业部 1988 1993 China National Space Administration
China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
Ministry of Energy [zh] 能源部 1988 1993 Ministry of Electric Industry [zh]
Ministry of Coal Industry [zh]
Ministry of Petroleum Industry [zh] 石油工业部 1978 1988 Ministry of Energy [zh]
1955 1970 Ministry of Fuel and Chemical Industry [zh]
Ministry of Water Resources and Electric Power [zh] 水利电力部 1982 1988 Ministry of Water Resources
Ministry of Electric Industry [zh]
1958 1979
Ministry of Labour and Personnel [zh] 劳动人事部 1982 1988 Ministry of Labour [zh]
Ministry of Personnel [zh]
7th Ministry of Machine Building
→ Ministry of Space Industry (renamed 1982)
第七机械工业部→航天工业部 1965 1988 Ministry of Aerospace Industry
3rd Ministry of Machine Building
→ Ministry of Aviation Industry (renamed 1982)
第三机械工业部→航空工业部 1963 1988
3rd Ministry of Machine Building
2nd Ministry of Machine Building (renamed 1958)
→ Ministry of Nuclear Industry (renamed 1982)
第三机械工业部→第二机械工业部→核工业部 1955 1988 China National Nuclear Corporation
5th Ministry of Machine Building
→ Ministry of Ordnance Industry (renamed 1982)
第五机械工业部→兵器工业部 1963 1986 State Machine-Building Industry Commission [zh]
Ministry of Agricultural Machinery 农业机械部 1979 1982 Ministry of Machine-Building Industry [zh]
1st Ministry of Machine Building 第一机械工业部 1952 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1982
Ministry of Foreign Economic Liaison [zh] 对外经济联络部 1970 1982 Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade [zh]
Ministry of Foreign Trade [zh] 对外贸易部 1952 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1982
4th Ministry of Machine Building (electronics industry) 第四机械工业部 1963 1982 Ministry of Electronics Industry
6th Ministry of Machine Building (shipbuiding) 第六机械工业部 1963 1982 China State Shipbuilding Corporation
8th Ministry of Machine Building (tactical missiles) 第八机械工业部 1979 1981 7th Ministry of Machine Building (space industry)
Ministry of Agricultural Machinery
8th Ministry of Machine Building (renamed 1965)
农业机械部→第八机械工业部 1959 1970 1st Ministry of Machine Building
Ministry of Internal Affairs [zh] 内务部 1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1969 Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Public Security
3rd Ministry of Machine Building (defense industry) 第三机械工业部 1960 1963 3rd Ministry of Machine Building (aviation industry)
4th Ministry of Machine Building (electronics industry)
5th Ministry of Machine Building (ordnance industry)
6th Ministry of Machine Building (shipbuilding industry)
2nd Ministry of Machine Building 第二机械工业部 1952 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1958 1st Ministry of Machine Building
Ministry of Fuel Industry [zh] 燃料工业部 1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1955 Ministry of Coal Industry [zh]
Ministry of Petroleum Industry [zh]
Ministry of Electric Industry [zh]

Dissolved commissionsEdit

Name of Commission Year Established Year Dissolved Successor(s)
National Health and Family Planning Commission
国家卫生和计划生育委员会
2013 2018 National Health Commission
National Family Planning Commission
国家计划生育委员会
(renamed 2003)
National Population and Family Planning Commission
国家人口和计划生育委员会
1981 2013 National Health and Family Planning Commission
Commission for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND)
国防科学技术工业委员会
1982 2008 Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence
State Economic and Trade Commission [zh] (SETC)
国家经济贸易委员会
1998 2003 National Development and Reform Commission
State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council
Ministry of Commerce
State Planning Commission [zh]
国家计划委员会
(renamed 1998)
State Development Planning Commission
国家发展计划委员会
1952 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
2003 National Development and Reform Commission
State Economic Commission [zh]
国家经济委员会
1993 1998 State Economic and Trade Commission [zh]
1978 1988 State Planning Commission
1956 1970
State Commission for Economic Restructuring [zh]
国家经济体制改革委员会
1982 1998 in 1998, turned into a high-level think-tank of the State Council with the Premier serving as the director and relevant ministers as members; abolished in 2003.
State Physical Culture and Sports Commission
国家体育运动委员会
1972 1998 State General Administration of Sports
1952 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1970 People's Liberation Army General Staff Department
State Machine-Building Industry Commission [zh]
国家机械工业委员会
1986 1988 Ministry of Machine-Building and Electronics Industry [zh]
Import and Export Regulation Commission of the People's Republic of China [zh]
中华人民共和国进出口管理委员会
Foreign Investment Regulation Commission of the People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国外国投资管理委员会
(one institution with two names [zh])
1979 1982 Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade [zh]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

  • Ministers on English.gov.cn