Ministry of Labour and Employment (India)

Summary

The Ministry of Labour & Employment is one of the oldest and most important Ministries of the Government of India. This is an India's federal ministry which is responsible for enforcement of labour laws in general and legislations related to a worker’s social security.[2] The Ministry aims to create a healthy work environment for higher production and productivity and to develop and coordinate vocational skill training and employment.[2] However, Skill Development responsibilities, such as Industrial Training and Apprenticeship responsibilities were transferred to the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship from 9 November 2014.[3] The Ministry launched the National Career Service portal on 20 July 2015 to help bridge the gap between job providers and job seekers.

Ministry of Labour and Employment
Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersRafi Marg, New Delhi
Annual budget7,700 crore (US$960 million) (2018–19 est.)[1]
Ministers responsible
Agency executive
  • Arti Ahuja IAS
Websitelabour.gov.in

Role and WorkingEdit

FunctionsEdit

The thrust areas of the ministry are:[4]

  • Labour Policy and legislation
  • Safety, health and welfare of labour
  • Social security of labour
  • Policy relating to special target groups such as women and child labour
  • Industrial relations and enforcement of labour laws in the Central sphere
  • Adjudication of industrial disputes through Central Government Industrial Tribunals cum Labour Courts and National Industrial Tribunals
  • Workers' Education
  • Labour and Employment Statistics

The results of recession [5] on employment in the eight selected sectors textiles including apparels, leather, metals, automobiles, gems & jewellery, transport, IT/BPO and handloom / powerloom were monitored starting from Oct–Dec 2008. The overall employment in the eight selected sectors covered in the quarterly surveys has increased by 10.66 lakh (0.16%). In IT/BPO sector the increase in the employment is maximum (6.9 lakh) during the year 2009–10.

  • Emigration of Labour for employment abroad
  • Employment services and vocational training
  • Administration of Central Labour & Employment Services
  • International co-operation in labour and employment matters

OrganisationEdit

[2]

Attached officesEdit

Subordinate officesEdit

  • Directorate General of Mines Safety
  • Welfare Commission

Statutory BodiesEdit

Autonomous bodiesEdit

  • Central Government Industrial Tribunals and Labour Courts
  • Central Labour Institute

Labour Ministers of IndiaEdit

No Portrait Name Term of office Prime Minister Party
1   Jagjivan Ram 15 August 1947 13 May 1952 4 years, 272 days Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress
2   V. V. Giri 13 May 1952 7 September 1954 2 years, 117 days
3 Khandubhai Kasanji Desai 10 September 1954 16 April 1957 2 years, 221 days
4   Gulzarilal Nanda 17 April 1957 10 April 1962 4 years, 359 days
5   Jai Sukh Lal Hathi 16 April 1962 15 November 1962 213 days
(4)   Gulzarilal Nanda 1 September 1963 24 January 1964 145 days
6   Damodaram Sanjivayya 24 January 1964 24 January 1966 2 years, 0 days Jawaharlal Nehru
Lal Bahadur Shastri
(1)   Jagjivan Ram 24 January 1966 13 March 1967 1 year, 48 days Indira Gandhi
(5)   Jai Sukh Lal Hathi 13 March 1967 15 November 1969 2 years, 247 days
(1)   Jagjivan Ram 15 November 1969 18 February 1970 95 days
(6)   Damodaram Sanjivayya 18 February 1970 18 March 1971 1 year, 28 days
7 Ravindra Varma 26 March 1977 28 July 1979 2 years, 124 days Morarji Desai Janata Party
8 Fazlur Rahman 30 July 1979 14 January 1980 168 days Charan Singh Janata Party (Secular)
9   Janaki Ballabh Patnaik 16 January 1980 7 June 1980 143 days Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress
10   N. D. Tiwari 19 October 1980 8 August 1981 293 days
11   Bhagwat Jha Azad
(Independent Charge)
15 January 1982 2 September 1982 230 days
12 Veerendra Patil 2 September 1982 31 December 1984 2 years, 120 days Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
13 T. Anjaiah
(Independent Charge)
31 December 1984 20 January 1986 1 year, 20 days Rajiv Gandhi
14   P. A. Sangma
(Independent Charge)
20 September 1986 6 February 1988 1 year, 139 days
15 Makhan Lal Fotedar 6 February 1988 14 February 1988 8 days
16   Jagdish Tytler
(Independent Charge)
14 February 1988 25 June 1988 132 days
17   Bindeshwari Dubey 25 June 1988 2 December 1989 1 year, 160 days
18   Ram Vilas Paswan 6 December 1989 10 November 1989 339 days V. P. Singh Janata Dal
19   Chandra Shekhar 10 November 1990 21 June 1991 223 days Chandra Shekhar Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
20 Vazhappady K. Ramamurthy
(Independent Charge)
21 June 1991 30 July 1991 39 days P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress
21   P. V. Narasimha Rao 30 July 1991 10 July 1992 346 days
(14)   P. A. Sangma
(Independent Charge till 10-Feb-1995)
10 July 1992 15 September 1995 3 years, 67 days
22 G. Venkatswamy 15 September 1995 16 May 1996 244 days
23   Atal Bihari Vajpayee 16 May 1996 1 June 1996 16 days Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party
24   Balwant Singh Ramoowalia 1 June 1996 29 June 1996 28 days H. D. Deve Gowda Janata Dal
25   M. Arunachalam 29 June 1996 21 April 1997 296 days Tamil Maanila Congress
26   I. K. Gujral 21 April 1997 1 May 1997 10 days I. K. Gujral Janata Dal
(25)   M. Arunachalam 1 May 1997 9 June 1997 39 days Tamil Maanila Congress
27   M. P. Veerendra Kumar
(Independent Charge)
9 June 1997 19 March 1998 283 days Janata Dal
28   Satyanarayan Jatiya 19 March 1998 13 October 1999 1 year, 208 days Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party
(23)   Atal Bihari Vajpayee 13 October 1999 22 November 1999 40 days
(28)   Satyanarayan Jatiya 22 November 1999 1 September 2001 1 year, 283 days
29   Sharad Yadav 1 September 2001 1 July 2002 303 days Janata Dal (United)
30   Sahib Singh Verma 1 July 2002 22 May 2004 1 year, 326 days Bharatiya Janata Party
31   Sis Ram Ola 23 May 2004 27 November 2004 188 days Manmohan Singh Indian National Congress
32   K. Chandrashekar Rao 27 November 2004 24 August 2006 1 year, 270 days Telangana Rashtra Samithi
33   Manmohan Singh 24 August 2006 24 October 2006 61 days Indian National Congress
34   Oscar Fernandes
(Independent Charge)
24 October 2006 3 March 2009 2 years, 130 days
35   G. K. Vasan
(Independent Charge)
3 March 2009 22 May 2009 80 days
36 Mallikarjun Kharge 28 May 2009 17 June 2013 4 years, 20 days
37   Sis Ram Ola 17 June 2013 15 Dec 2013 181 days
38   Oscar Fernandes 15 December 2013 26 May 2014 162 days
39   Narendra Singh Tomar 26 May 2014 9 November 2014 167 days Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party
40   Bandaru Dattatreya
(Independent Charge)
9 November 2014 3 September 2017 2 years, 298 days
41   Santosh Gangwar
(Independent Charge)
3 September 2017 7 July 2021 3 years, 307 days
42   Bhupender Yadav 7 July 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 150 days

Ministers of StateEdit

Ministers of State in the Ministry of Labour and Employment
Minister of state Portrait Political party Term Years
Vishnudeo Sai   Bharatiya Janata Party 26 May 2014 9 November 2014 167 days
Rameswar Teli 7 July 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 150 days

See alsoEdit

Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Budget data" (PDF). www.indiabudget.gov.in. 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2018. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Ministry of Labour and Employment Annual Report for Year 2011–2012" (PDF). Ministry of Labour and Employment. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  3. ^ "National Skill Development Mission". www.pmindia.gov.in.
  4. ^ "Thrust Areas of Ministry of Labour & Employment, Govt. of India".
  5. ^ "Press release SIXTH QUARTERLY SURVEY REPORT ON EFFECT OF ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN ON EMPLOYMENT IN INDIA (JANUARY TO MARCH 2010)".
  6. ^ "Directorate General of Employment (DGE) | Ministry of Labour & Employment". Labour.nic.in. 19 April 2018. Retrieved 15 September 2018.

External linksEdit

  • Official Website of the Ministry of Labour and Employment
  • National Career Service Portal
  • Official Ministry Press Releases
  • Organisation Chart of the Ministry of Labour and Employment
  • Ministry of Labour Annual Report for Year 2011–2012
  • International Labour Organisation, UN
  • Child Labour in India and Women Labour in India
  • Related Websites to Ministry of Labour
  • Official Labour Statistics