Miriam Balaban

Summary

Miriam Balaban (born in Philadelphia) is a publisher, editor and scientist, recognized for her work in science communication and desalination. She has founded international organizations (European Association of Science Editors; International Federation of Science Editors), conferences (International Conference of Scientific Editors) and journals (Desalination, editor 1966–2009; Desalination and Water Treatment, editor 2009-; Symbiosis 1985-) and has edited numerous journals, conference proceedings and books. She also publishes the Desalination Directory, an international online database.

Miriam Balaban
Born
NationalityUnited States
Alma materUniversity of Pennsylvania
AwardsStella della solidarietà italiana
Scientific career
FieldsScience communication, Desalination
External video
video icon “Water Sharing and Cooperation in Israel, Palestine and Jordan“, Miriam Balaban, Sharing Knowledge Foundation
video icon “To face a changing world”, Miriam Balaban, Sharing Knowledge Foundation

Balaban was a research associate for science communication at Boston University from 1975 to 2008. She became secretary general of the organizing committee of the International Federation of Scientific Editors’ Associations (IFSEA) in 1978, and the founder and first president of its successor organization, the International Federation of Science Editors (IFSE) in 1990. She was Professor and founding Dean of the School for Science Communication at the Mario Negri Sud Institute for Biomedical and Pharmacological Research in Italy from 1988 to 1992. She has been the secretary general of the European Desalination Society (EDS) since 1993. Among other awards, Balaban received the Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity from the President of Italy in 2012.

Early lifeEdit

Miriam Balaban was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and graduated from the Philadelphia High School for Girls in 1945.[1] She attended the University of Pennsylvania where she graduated with a B.Sc. degree in chemistry in 1949.[2][3]

Science communicationEdit

Soon after graduating, Balaban moved to Jerusalem where she found work editing the quarterly scientific bulletin of the Government Research Council.[4] The first volume of the Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel was published by Balaban in both English and Hebrew.[5] Under her direction, publication of the bulletin was greatly expanded, eventually splitting into five separate publications focusing on various areas of science, published through the Weizmann Science Press.[5] In 1958, Balaban established the Israel Program for Scientific Translation, contracting with the United States National Science Foundation to fund the translation of foreign language publications.[2][6]

In the United States, the Council of Biology Editors (CBE), later the Council of Science Editors (CSE), was formed in 1957 following discussions at the Conference of Biological Editors in New Orleans. CBE had the support of the National Science Foundation and the American Institute of Biological Sciences.[7][8] In 1960, the organization published its first Style Manual for Biological Journals.[9] At the 1964 CBE conference in Ann Arbor, Michigan, a special meeting was held for both American and European editors.[10]

This inspired the formation of similar organizations in Europe.[11] Miriam Balaban helped to start the European Association of Editors of Biological Periodicals (EAEBP). EAEBP was formed in April 1967 in Amsterdam,[12] and renamed European Life Science Editors (ELSE) at its first General Assembly, held at the Royal Society in London in 1970.[13] In 1982, ELSE joined with the European Association of Earth Science Editors (Editerra) to form the European Association of Science Editors (EASE).[12] Balaban served multiple terms as treasurer of the organization.[13] Concerns of the organization included the development of international standards for science journals, guidelines for authors whose first language was not English, republishing of articles in multiple languages, and the improvement of science communication generally.[11][14]

From 1975 to 2008, Balaban was a research associate at the Center for Philosophy and History of Science at Boston University, focusing on science communication.[6][15]

In 1977-1978 Balaban helped to found the International Federation of Scientific Editors’ Associations (IFSEA).[16] The idea for such an organization was put forward at the First International Conference of Scientific Editors, April 24–29, 1977, which Balaban organized. The idea was further discussed at a UNESCO-supported consultation meeting, chaired by Balaban, which was held June 5–6, 1978 in Paris, France. The formation of IFSEA was agreed upon and Balaban was named to the organizing committee as secretary-general.[17]

Balaban organized 12 international conferences for scientific editors, beginning in 1977 with the first International Conference of Scientific Editors in Jerusalem.[18][19][20][21] In 1990, IFSEA opened its membership to individuals as well as associations, and became IFSE, the International Federation of Science Editors (variously the International Federation of Scientific Editors), with Balaban as its founder and first president.[13][22][16]

Balaban is president,[23] publisher and editor of the scientific publishing house International Science Services. Based in Rehovot, Israel and L'Aquila, Italy.[6] ISS publishes in a variety of scientific disciplines.[23] Balaban has supported the development of journals both within and outside her own field. In 1985, she worked with lichenologist Margalith Galun to create the journal Symbiosis.[24][25][26] The first 48 issues were published by Balaban International Science Services. From October 2009 onwards, the journal has been published by Springer.[27]

She established the School for Science Communication at the Mario Negri Sud Institute for Biomedical and Pharmacological Research in Italy where she served as Professor and Dean from 1988 to 1992.[15]

DesalinationEdit

The focus of Balaban's research career has been desalination. In 1966, Balaban founded Desalination, the first international journal for desalting and purification of water, serving as its editor-in-chief from 1996 to 2009. She was succeeded as editor by Nidal Hilal.[15] In 2009 Balaban established and became editor-in-chief of the monthly Desalination and Water Treatment Journal, to accommodate the expanding field.[28] She has reviewed and edited more than 20,000 papers and several books from over 100 countries.[29] She is the editor and publisher of the Desalination Directory. The international online database connects over 30,000 individuals and 5,000 academic and government institutions and companies involved in desalination and water conservation.[6][30][31]

Balaban has been a member of the International Desalination Association since 1975[32] and has served as a board member and officer.[29] She is a member of the Scientific Program Committee for the International Desalination Workshop.[33]

Since 1993, Balaban has been the secretary general of the European Desalination Society (EDS),[15] located at the Università Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy.[34] Balaban organizes international courses, conferences and workshops in desalination, traveling and speaking internationally.[15] She has been referred to as "the soul of the European Desalination Society".[35]

In her position with the EDS, she served on the Committee to Review the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap, a document prepared by Sandia National Laboratories and the U.S. Department of Interior in 2003. The committee's review was published by the National Research Council and the National Academy of Sciences in 2004. It recommended that a more critical focus be taken, examining the steps needed to reach desired long-term objectives and the environmental, economic, and social costs.[36][3][37]

Balaban is involved with the desalination program at the Center for Clean Water and Energy in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).[38] She is on the Scientific Advisory Council of the Sharing Knowledge Foundation.[39]

AwardsEdit

  • 2015, named #7 of Top 25 Water Industry Leaders by Water & Wastewater International[40]
  • 2014, Sidney Loeb Award, European Desalination Society[29]
  • 2012, Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity (Stella della solidarietà italiana) from the President of Italy[41][42]
  • 2009, Lifetime Achievement award, International Desalination Association, Dubai[43][44]
  • Honorary member of the European Membrane Society (EMS)[45]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Miriam Balaban Class of 1945". Classmates. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Lecturers". IFSE-10. 2000.
  3. ^ a b Water Science and Technology Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies (Dec 31, 2003). Letter Report on the Review of the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap. National Academies Press. p. 6. ISBN 9780309561433. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  4. ^ Lasky, Nura (March 23, 1956). "Success of Young Philadelphian in Israel is no Science Fiction Story". Detroit Jewish News. p. 45. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  5. ^ a b Shaul, Katz (1978). "Quantity and quality in Israeli science". In Balaban, Miriam (ed.). Scientific information transfer : the editor's role ; proceedings of the First International Conference of Scientific Editors, April 24-29, 1977, Jerusalem. Dordrecht, Holland ; Boston: D. Reidel Pub. Co. p. 447. ISBN 9789027709172. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d Ford, Barbara Meyers (November 3, 2008). "Interview with Dr. Miriam Balaban, a Sister Society Founder and President". Society for Scholarly Publishing. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  7. ^ Mossman, Blaire V. (2000). "BioScience American Institute of Biological Sciences: Council of Biology Editors Becomes Council of Science Editors". BioScience. 50 (7): 555. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2000)050[0555:BAIOBS]2.0.CO;2.
  8. ^ Deyton, Jennifer (August 8, 2017). "Get to Know the Council of Science Editors (CSE)". American Medical Writers Association.
  9. ^ Philip L., Altman (1978). "The Fourth Edition of the CBE Style Manual". In Balaban, Miriam (ed.). Scientific information transfer : the editor's role ; proceedings of the First International Conference of Scientific Editors, April 24-29, 1977, Jerusalem. Dordrecht, Holland ;Boston: D. Reidel Pub. Co. pp. 283–285. doi:10.1007/978-94-009-9863-6_37. ISBN 9789027709172.
  10. ^ Zwemer, Raymund Lull; Gordon, Robert E; Conference of Biological Editors (1964). Report of the special meeting of European and North American editors, May 13-14, 1964, Ann Arbor, Michigan. {{cite book}}: |author3= has generic name (help)
  11. ^ a b Balaban, Miriam (September 1975). "Cooperation among journals: A European vantage point". IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication. PC-18 (3): 116–120. doi:10.1109/TPC.1975.6591169. S2CID 45632113.
  12. ^ a b O’Connor, Maeve (18 February 2012). "The origins of EASE" (PDF). European Science Editing. 38 (1): 39. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  13. ^ a b c O'Connor, Maeve. "Editerra/EAEBP/ELSE/EASE history 1975 - 2012" (PDF). European Association of Science Editors (EASE). Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  14. ^ O'Connor, Maeve (July 27, 1987). "Third World Seeks Place for lts Journals". The Scientist. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  15. ^ a b c d e Kedem, Ora; Wilf, Mark (December 31, 2010). "Introduction to the Special Issue honoring Miriam Balaban". Desalination. 264 (3): 179–180. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2010.05.034.
  16. ^ a b Garfield, Eugene (1989). Essays of an information scientist (PDF). Vol. 6. Philadelphia, PA: ISI Press. pp. 330–337.
  17. ^ "Consultation meeting on the establishment of an International Federation of Scientific Editors' Associations, held at Unesco House, 1 Rue de Miollis, Paris, 5-6 June 1978" (PDF). United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  18. ^ "Middle East: Scientific editors to meet in Jerusalem". Foreign Acquisitions Newsletter (44): 39. 1976.
  19. ^ Katzir, Ephraim (1978). "Opening Address". In Miriam, Balaban (ed.). Scientific information transfer : the editor's role ; proceedings of the First International Conference of Scientific Editors, April 24-29, 1977, Jerusalem. Dordrecht, Holland ;Boston: D. Reidel Pub. Co. p. xxv. ISBN 9789027709172. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  20. ^ Page, Gillian (1978). "Introduction to the First International Conference of Scientific Editors". In Miriam, Balaban (ed.). Scientific information transfer : the editor's role ; proceedings of the First International Conference of Scientific Editors, April 24-29, 1977, Jerusalem. Dordrecht, Holland ;Boston: D. Reidel Pub. Co. p. xxi. ISBN 9789027709172. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  21. ^ Balaban, Miriam (1978). "Introduction to the First International Conference of Scientific Editors". In Balaban, Miriam (ed.). Scientific information transfer : the editor's role ; proceedings of the First International Conference of Scientific Editors, April 24-29, 1977, Jerusalem. Dordrecht, Holland ;Boston: D. Reidel Pub. Co. p. xxiii. ISBN 9789027709172. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  22. ^ Eastwood, Susan (1993). "Science Editing in the Age of Global Communication". International Federation of Science Editors (IFSE), Woods Hole Meeting, MA - "Global Communication" (13-18 October 1991). Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  23. ^ a b "Prof.ssa Miriam Balaban". Water Treatment (UNIGE). Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  24. ^ Margulis, Lynn; Sagan, Dorion (1997). Slanted truths : essays on Gaia, symbiosis, and evolution. New York: Copernicus. p. 304. ISBN 978-0387949277. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  25. ^ Richardson, David (13 May 2011). "Editorial on the history of the journal Symbiosis and the International Symbiosis Society". Symbiosis. 53 (2): 47–52. doi:10.1007/s13199-011-0115-5. S2CID 46315761. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  26. ^ Balaban, Miriam (2012). "Obituary: Professor Margalith Galun (1927–2012), Founding Editor-in-Chief of Symbiosis". Symbiosis. 56 (3): 149–152. doi:10.1007/s13199-012-0172-4. S2CID 20884240.
  27. ^ Robinson, Joan (13 October 2009). "Springer to publish Symbiosis". Springer. New York / Heidelberg.
  28. ^ Balaban, Miriam (3 August 2012). "Editorial". Desalination and Water Treatment. 1 (1–3): vii–viii. doi:10.1080/19443994.2009.010301. PMID 19727083.
  29. ^ a b c "Miriam Balaban" (PDF). International Journal of Engineering (IJE). Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  30. ^ Balaban, Miriam. "January 2017 message from Prof. Miriam Balaban, Editor-in-Chief". Desalination and Water Treatment Science and Engineering. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  31. ^ Kreith, Frank (1999). The CRC handbook of thermal engineering. Boca Raton: Springer. pp. 4–20. ISBN 9783540663492. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  32. ^ "Water-Energy Nexus and Sustainable Supply". Wisconsin Energy Institute. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  33. ^ "Scientific Program Committee". IDW 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  34. ^ "EDS Board of Directors 2016–2018". European Desalination Society. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  35. ^ Delyannis, E.; Belessiotis, V. (December 2010). "Desalination: The recent development path". Desalination. 264 (3): 206–213. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2010.05.045.
  36. ^ Committee to Review the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap, Water Science and Technology Board, Division on Earth and Life Sciences, National Research Council of the National Academies (2004). Review of the desalination and water purification technology roadmap. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press. ISBN 978-0-309-09157-2.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  37. ^ Sandia National Laboratories; U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation (2003). Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap : Research & Development Program Report #95 (PDF).
  38. ^ Mallinson, Alissa (2016). "2.500: Desalination" (PDF). Mech e Connects News from the MIT Department of Mechanical Engineering. 6 (2). Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  39. ^ "Team". Sharing Knowledge Foundation. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  40. ^ "Taylor & Francis Editors Named in Top 25 Water Industry Leaders list". Taylor and Francis Group. 27 January 2015. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  41. ^ "Miriam Balaban receives Star of Italian Solidarity award". Desalination & Water Reuse. 48 (43). 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  42. ^ "Speakers Details". Nanotech Middle East 2017 Conference and Exhibition. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  43. ^ "IDA Lifetime Achievement Award Winners - Miriam Balaban". Water Desalination Report. 45 (45). 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  44. ^ "IDA WORLD CONGRESS ON DESALINATION AND WATER REUSE CLOSES WITH GALA DINNER, AWARDS PRESENTATIONS AND TRIBUTE TO DUBAI DUBAI, UAE" (PDF). International Desalination Association. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
  45. ^ "EMS Honorary members". European Membrane Society. Retrieved 28 November 2017.