Mississippi's 2nd congressional district
Mississippi US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
Mississippi's 2nd congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Bennie Thompson
DBolton
Area14,519.68 sq mi (37,605.8 km2)
Distribution
  • 62.67% urban
  • 37.33% rural
Population (2006)711,164
Median income$35,842[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+14[2]

Mississippi's 2nd congressional district (MS-2) covers much of Western Mississippi. It includes most of Jackson, the riverfront cities of Greenville and Vicksburg and the interior market cities of Clarksdale, Greenwood and Clinton. The district is approximately 275 miles (443 km) long, 180 miles (290 km) wide and borders the Mississippi River; it encompasses much of the Mississippi Delta, and a total of 15 counties and parts of several others. It is the only majority-black district in the state.

The district is home to four of Mississippi's eight public four-year colleges and universities: Alcorn State University in Lorman; Delta State University in Cleveland; Jackson State University in Jackson; and Mississippi Valley State University in Itta Bena, a few miles west of Greenwood. All except Delta State are HBCUs and are members of the Southwestern Athletic Conference.

From statehood to the election of 1846, Mississippi elected representatives at-large statewide on a general ticket. This favored candidates who could command a majority of the voters, then consisting mostly of white men of property.

Following Reconstruction, the Democratic Party regained control of the state legislature and worked to reduce Republican voting strength in the state. It redefined congressional districts, creating a 'shoestring' congressional district running the length of the Mississippi River and taking in the black-majority (then Republican) areas of the Mississippi Delta. By this gerrymandering, they created five other districts with white majorities.[3]

Election campaigns were often accompanied by fraud and violence as Democrats tried to reduce black Republican voting. Finally, the Democratic-dominated legislature passed a new constitution in 1890, with barriers to voter registration and other measures that effectively disenfranchised most blacks and many poor whites for decades, subduing the Republican and Populist movements of the late 19th century.[4]

The legislature has redefined congressional districts over the years to reflect population changes in the state. Districts 5 through 8 were reallocated to the 1st, 3rd and 4th. The 2nd, bounded by the Mississippi River on the west, continues to have a black-majority population. Since the 20th-century realignment of political parties in the South following passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided federal oversight and enforcement to protect voting, African-American residents here have consistently supported Democratic party candidates. On the other hand, most white conservatives have shifted into the Republican Party, which dominates the legislature. The district is one of the poorest in the state,[5] with 26.2% of people in poverty as of 2017.[6]

The district's current Representative is Democrat Bennie Thompson.


Recent election results

2000

2000 United States House of Representatives elections in Mississippi: District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bennie Thompson (Incumbent) 112,777 65.07
Republican Hardy Caraway 54,090 31.21
Libertarian William G. Chipman 4,305 2.48
Reform Lee F. Dilworth 2,135 1.23
Turnout 173,307
Majority 58,687 33.86

2002

2002 United States House of Representatives elections in Mississippi: District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bennie Thompson (Incumbent) 89,913 55.14 -9.93
Republican Clinton B. LeSueur 69,711 42.75 +11.54
Reform Lee F. Dilworth 3,426 2.10 +0.87
Turnout 163,050
Majority 20,202 12.39

2004

2004 United States House of Representatives elections in Mississippi: District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bennie Thompson (Incumbent) 154,626 58.38 +3.24
Republican Clinton B. LeSueur 107,647 40.64 -2.11
Reform Shawn O'Hara 2,596 0.98 -1.12
Turnout 264,869
Majority 46,979 17.74

2006

2006 United States House of Representatives elections in Mississippi: District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bennie Thompson (Incumbent) 100,168 64.27 +5.89
Republican Yvonne R. Brown 55,672 35.73 -4.91
Turnout 155,832
Majority 44,496 28.55

2008

2008 United States House of Representatives elections in Mississippi: District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bennie Thompson (Incumbent) 201,606 69.05 +4.78
Republican Richard Cook 90,364 30.95 -4.78
Turnout 291,970
Majority 111,242 38.10

2010

2010 United States House of Representatives elections in Mississippi: District 2
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bennie Thompson (Incumbent) 105,327 61.47
Republican Bill Marcy 64,499 37.64
Reform Ashley Norwood 1,530 0.89
Total votes 171,356 100.00
Democratic hold

2012

2012 United States House of Representatives elections in Mississippi: District 2
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bennie Thompson (Incumbent) 214,978 67.13
Republican Bill Marcy 99,160 30.96
Independent Cobby Williams 4,605 1.44
Reform Lajena Williams 1,501 0.47
Total votes 320,244 100.00
Democratic hold

2014

2014 United States House of Representatives elections in Mississippi: District 2
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bennie Thompson (Incumbent) 100,688 67.7
Independent Troy Ray 36,465 24.5
Reform Shelley Shoemake 11,493 7.7
Total votes 148,646 100.00
Democratic hold

2016

2016 United States House of Representatives elections in Mississippi: District 2
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bennie Thompson (Incumbent) 192,343 67.1
Republican John Bouie II 83,542 29.1
Independent Troy Ray 6,918 2.4
Reform Johnny McLeod 3,823 1.3
Total votes 286,626 100.00
Democratic hold

List of representatives

Name Years of Service Cong
ress
Party Notes
District created March 4, 1847
Winfield Scott Featherston.jpgWinfield S. Featherston March 4, 1847 - March 3, 1851 30th
31st
Democratic
No image.svgJohn A. Wilcox March 4, 1851 - March 3, 1853 32nd Unionist
No image.svgWilliam T. S. Barry March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855 33rd Democratic
No image.svgHendley S. Bennett March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1857 34th Democratic
Reuben Davis.jpgReuben Davis March 4, 1857 - January 12, 1861 35th
36th
Democratic Withdrew
Civil War and Reconstruction
Hon. Joseph L. Morphis, Miss - NARA - 527107.jpgJoseph L. Morphis February 23, 1870 - March 3, 1873 41st
42nd
Republican
No image.svg Albert R. Howe March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875 43rd Republican
GuilfordWWells.jpgG. Wiley Wells March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1877 44th Independent Republican
VanHManning.jpgVan H. Manning March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1883 45th
46th
47th
Democratic
Vacant March 4, 1883 - June 25, 1884
JamesRonaldChalmersp157crop.jpgJames R. Chalmers June 25, 1884 - March 3, 1885 48th Independent Seated after contested election with Van H. Manning
No image.svgJames B. Morgan March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1891 49th
50th
51st
Democratic
John C. Kyle (Mississippi Congressman).jpgJohn C. Kyle March 4, 1891 - March 3, 1897 52nd
53rd
54th
Democratic
WVA Sullivan.jpgWilliam V. Sullivan March 4, 1897 - May 31, 1898 55th Democratic Appointed U.S. Senator
Vacant May 31, 1898 - July 5, 1898
ThomasSpight.jpgThomas Spight July 5, 1898 - March 3, 1911 55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
Democratic
HubertDStephens.jpgHubert D. Stephens March 4, 1911 - March 3, 1921 62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Democratic
Bill G. Lowrey (Mississippi Congressman).jpgBill G. Lowrey March 4, 1921 - March 3, 1929 67th
68th
69th
70th
Democratic
U.S. Senator Wall Doxey (D-MS).jpgWall Doxey March 4, 1929 - September 28, 1941 71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
Democratic Elected to U.S. Senate
Vacant September 28, 1941 - November 4, 1941
Jamie L. Whitten.jpgJamie Whitten November 4, 1941 - January 3, 1973 77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
Democratic Redistricted to the 1st district
Bowen DR.pngDavid R. Bowen January 3, 1973 - January 3, 1983 93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
Democratic
Webb Franklin.pngWebb Franklin January 3, 1983 - January 3, 1987 98th
99th
Republican
Mike Espy, Official Portrait, 101st Congress.pngMike Espy January 3, 1987 - January 22, 1993 100th
101st
102nd
103rd
Democratic Resigned after being confirmed as United States Secretary of Agriculture
Vacant January 22, 1993 - April 13, 1993
Bennie G. Thompson 113th Congress.jpgBennie Thompson April 13, 1993–Present 103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Democratic Incumbent

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=28&cd=02
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Eric Foner, Reconstruction, 1863-1877, New York: Perennial Classics, p. 590.
  4. ^ Michael Perman, Struggle for Mastery: Disfranchisement in the South, 1888-1908 (2000), ch 4.
  5. ^ "Rich, poor, young, old: Congressional districts at a glance | Bloomberg Government". Bloomberg Government. 2017-09-15. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  6. ^ "datatables". www.frac.org. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Coordinates: 33°10′35″N 90°21′03″W / 33.17639°N 90.35083°W / 33.17639; -90.35083