Mitaka, Tokyo

Summary

Mitaka
三鷹市
Mitaka City Hall
Mitaka City Hall
Flag of Mitaka
Official seal of Mitaka
Location of Mitaka in Tokyo
Location of Mitaka in Tokyo
Mitaka is located in Japan
Mitaka
Mitaka
 
Coordinates: 35°41′0.8″N 139°33′34.3″E / 35.683556°N 139.559528°E / 35.683556; 139.559528Coordinates: 35°41′0.8″N 139°33′34.3″E / 35.683556°N 139.559528°E / 35.683556; 139.559528
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
Government
 • MayorTakashi Kawamura (since April 2019)
Area
 • Total16.42 km2 (6.34 sq mi)
Population
 (March 2021)
 • Total190,403
 • Density12,000/km2 (30,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeGinkgo biloba
• FlowerMalus halliana
Phone number042-558-1111
Address1-1-1 Nozaki, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-8555
WebsiteOfficial website
Inogashira Park in Mitaka

Mitaka (三鷹市, Mitaka-shi) is a city in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 March 2021, the city had an estimated population of 190,403, and a population density of 12,000 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city was 16.42 square kilometres (6.34 sq mi).[2]

Geography

Mitaka is located on the Kantō Plain, just outside the 23 special wards of Tokyo Metropolis, which are on its eastern borders. The Tamagawa Aqueduct canal, which runs alongside Mitaka station, has an important place in history, built in 1653 to feed the local metropolis. It is also the place where novelist Osamu Dazai died by suicide in 1948. The National Astronomical Observatory of Japan is located in Mitaka.

Surrounding municipalities

Tokyo Metropolis

Climate

Mitaka has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Mitaka is 14.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1647 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.1 °C.[3]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Musashino increased rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1994 there were 2,585 foreign residents in Mitaka, including 726 from North and South Korea, 713 from China, 441 from the United States, 114 from the Philippines, and 108 from the United Kingdom. Of all municipalities in Japan, Mitaka had the highest proportion of Chinese returnees.[5]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 5,725—    
1930 8,218+43.5%
1940 24,247+195.0%
1950 54,820+126.1%
1960 98,038+78.8%
1970 155,693+58.8%
1980 164,526+5.7%
1990 165,564+0.6%
2000 171,612+3.7%
2010 186,028+8.4%

History

The area of present-day Mitaka was part of ancient Musashi Province. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of 22 July 1878, the area became part of Kitatama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The village of Mitaka was created on 1 April 1889 with the establishment of modern municipalities law. Kitatama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on 1 April 1893. Mitaka was raised to town status in 1940. In 1949, the Mitaka incident, one of a series of unexplained fatal train accidents around the same period of time, occurred at Mitaka Station.[6] Mitaka City was officially founded on 3 November 1950. A motion to merge with neighboring Musashino City failed in 1955 by only a single vote in the Mitaka city assembly.

Government

Mitaka has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 28 members. Mitaka contributes two members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 22nd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Mitaka is primarily a bedroom community for Tokyo. A number of animation studios, including Pierrot[7] and Telecom Animation Film[8] have their corporate headquarters in Mitaka. A short-lived video game manufacturer TAD Corporation was founded and headquartered in the same location.[9][10][11] Subaru Tecnica International has its headquarters in Mitaka.[12]

Education

Colleges and universities

Primary and secondary schools

Private primary and secondary schools:

  • Taisei High School
  • Kokugakuin Kugayama Junior High/High School
  • Hosei University Junior and Senior High School (法政大学中学高等学校)
  • Little Angels International School[14]

Transportation

Railway

JR logo (east).svg JR EastChuo Main Line

KeioRailway logo.svg Keio Corporation - Keio Inokashira Line

Highway

Local attractions

The Ghibli Museum in Mitaka

Notable people from Mitaka

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mitaka city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Mitaka City home page
  3. ^ Mitaka climate data
  4. ^ Mitaka population statistics
  5. ^ Maher, John C. (1995), "The Kakyo: Chinese in Japan", Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 16 (1–2): 125–138, doi:10.1080/01434632.1995.9994596 - (published online 14 September 2010) CITED: p. 135."
  6. ^ The Three Big Rail Mysteries that Defined Japan’s Summer of 1949
  7. ^ "Company Profile Archived 2010-02-12 at the Wayback Machine." Studio Pierrot. Retrieved on 26 February 2010.
  8. ^ "[1] Archived 2011-09-12 at the Wayback Machine."
  9. ^ Latest Status Info
  10. ^ Image Trademark Trademark Application of TAD CORPORATION – Serial Number 74117580 :: Justia Trademarks
  11. ^ 74117580 – Trademarks411, Trademark Search Made Simple
  12. ^ STI company profile. Retrieved on 2 October 2012.
  13. ^ "Housing Office | Housing Information | Mitaka International Hall of Residence".
  14. ^ "Contact Us." Little Angels International School. Retrieved on 25 October 2018. "Little Angels International School (Mitaka Campus) [...] 9-7-14,Shimorenjaku, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-0013, Japan." – Japanese address: "リトル・エンジェルス・インターナショナル・スクール(三鷹校)[...] 〒181-0013 東京三鷹市下連雀9-7-14"

External links

  • Mitaka City Official Website (in Japanese)