Miyazaki (city)

Summary

Miyazaki (宮崎市, Miyazaki-shi, Japanese: [mijaꜜzaki]) is the capital city of Miyazaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1924.[1] As of 1 June 2019, the city had an estimated population of 398,215 and a population density of 619 persons per km2. The total area is 643.67 km2.

Miyazaki
宮崎市
Miyazaki Montage.jpg
Flag of Miyazaki
Official seal of Miyazaki
Location of Miyazaki in Miyazaki Prefecture
Miyazaki in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Miyazaki is located in Japan
Miyazaki
Miyazaki
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 31°55′N 131°25′E / 31.917°N 131.417°E / 31.917; 131.417Coordinates: 31°55′N 131°25′E / 31.917°N 131.417°E / 31.917; 131.417
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
PrefectureMiyazaki Prefecture
Government
 • MayorTomonori Kiyoyama (from February 2022)[citation needed]
Area
 • Total643.67 km2 (248.52 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total398,215
 • Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address1-1-1 Tachibana-dōri Nishi, Miyazaki-shi, Miyazaki-ken
880-8505
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.city.miyazaki.miyazaki.jpn
Symbols
FlowerIris ensata, Camellia
TreeCinnamomum camphora
Miyazaki
Japanese name
Kanji宮崎
Hiraganaみやざき
Katakanaミヤザキ

Miyazaki Airport and Miyazaki seaport serve the city.[2]

HistoryEdit

In 1870, Hyuga Province was renamed to Miyazaki Prefecture with Miyazaki being its capital. After the completion of the nationwide railroad system, many new people began to settle in the area.[3]

In 1940, the imperialist Shōwa regime constructed the 37 meter Hakkō Ichiu pillar upon the legendary site of Emperor Jimmu's palace. Located near Miyazaki, it was originally intended to symbolize the divine right of the Empire of Japan to "unify the eight corners of the world". The tower survived the war and is now the center piece of the Heiwadai-koen peace park.[4]

On January 1, 2006, the towns of Sadowara and Tano (both from Miyazaki District), and the town of Takaoka (from Higashimorokata District) were merged into Miyazaki.

On March 23, 2010, the town of Kiyotake (from Miyazaki District) was merged into Miyazaki. Miyazaki District was dissolved as a result of this merger.[5]

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Miyazaki has a humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and cool winters. During the summer, the city is particularly prone to typhoons, one of which drenched the city with 587.2 millimetres (23.12 in) of rain in one day on 16 October 1939. The wettest month since records began has been September 1886 with 1,259.3 millimetres (49.58 in) and the driest December 1988, which stands as the only month with no measurable precipitation.

Climate data for Miyazaki (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1886−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.1
(77.2)
25.4
(77.7)
28.1
(82.6)
31.7
(89.1)
34.3
(93.7)
36.2
(97.2)
37.7
(99.9)
38.0
(100.4)
36.9
(98.4)
32.7
(90.9)
30.3
(86.5)
25.0
(77.0)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 13.0
(55.4)
14.1
(57.4)
17.0
(62.6)
21.1
(70.0)
24.6
(76.3)
26.7
(80.1)
31.3
(88.3)
31.6
(88.9)
28.5
(83.3)
24.7
(76.5)
19.8
(67.6)
15.0
(59.0)
22.3
(72.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.8
(46.0)
8.9
(48.0)
12.1
(53.8)
16.4
(61.5)
20.3
(68.5)
23.2
(73.8)
27.3
(81.1)
27.6
(81.7)
24.7
(76.5)
20.0
(68.0)
14.7
(58.5)
9.7
(49.5)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.0
(39.2)
7.4
(45.3)
11.7
(53.1)
16.3
(61.3)
20.1
(68.2)
24.1
(75.4)
24.5
(76.1)
21.4
(70.5)
15.8
(60.4)
10.1
(50.2)
5.0
(41.0)
13.6
(56.5)
Record low °C (°F) −7.5
(18.5)
−6.6
(20.1)
−4.1
(24.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.1
(37.6)
9.2
(48.6)
16.0
(60.8)
16.4
(61.5)
9.7
(49.5)
2.6
(36.7)
−2.7
(27.1)
−7.2
(19.0)
−7.5
(18.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 72.7
(2.86)
95.8
(3.77)
155.7
(6.13)
194.5
(7.66)
227.6
(8.96)
516.3
(20.33)
339.3
(13.36)
275.5
(10.85)
370.9
(14.60)
196.7
(7.74)
105.7
(4.16)
74.9
(2.95)
2,625.5
(103.37)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 6.6 8.1 11.5 11.2 11.4 17.2 12.8 13.1 13.6 9.2 8.1 6.1 128.9
Average relative humidity (%) 66 67 68 70 74 82 78 80 80 76 74 69 74
Mean monthly sunshine hours 192.6 170.8 185.6 186.0 179.7 119.4 198.0 208.6 156.5 173.6 167.0 183.9 2,121.7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[6]
Climate data for Miyazaki Airport (2003−2020 normals, extremes 2003−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
25.0
(77.0)
28.4
(83.1)
31.3
(88.3)
35.4
(95.7)
34.6
(94.3)
38.5
(101.3)
38.6
(101.5)
35.2
(95.4)
33.1
(91.6)
29.1
(84.4)
24.9
(76.8)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F) 13.0
(55.4)
14.4
(57.9)
17.2
(63.0)
21.3
(70.3)
24.4
(75.9)
26.5
(79.7)
30.8
(87.4)
31.4
(88.5)
28.6
(83.5)
24.6
(76.3)
20.0
(68.0)
15.0
(59.0)
22.3
(72.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
9.6
(49.3)
12.4
(54.3)
16.7
(62.1)
20.5
(68.9)
23.2
(73.8)
27.2
(81.0)
27.9
(82.2)
25.2
(77.4)
20.6
(69.1)
15.4
(59.7)
9.9
(49.8)
18.1
(64.5)
Average low °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
4.9
(40.8)
7.6
(45.7)
12.1
(53.8)
16.8
(62.2)
20.4
(68.7)
24.3
(75.7)
25.0
(77.0)
22.1
(71.8)
16.6
(61.9)
10.9
(51.6)
5.2
(41.4)
14.1
(57.4)
Record low °C (°F) −3.8
(25.2)
−3.8
(25.2)
−1.1
(30.0)
3.2
(37.8)
8.0
(46.4)
14.3
(57.7)
18.1
(64.6)
20.1
(68.2)
13.7
(56.7)
6.8
(44.2)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.9
(26.8)
−3.8
(25.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 68.2
(2.69)
111.9
(4.41)
144.1
(5.67)
166.9
(6.57)
225.1
(8.86)
505.9
(19.92)
320.9
(12.63)
261.8
(10.31)
390.7
(15.38)
240.6
(9.47)
126.8
(4.99)
83.6
(3.29)
2,646.5
(104.19)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.6 8.5 9.9 9.3 10.3 16.9 10.8 12.7 13.7 8.7 8.1 5.4 119.9
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[7][8]

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Miyazaki Prefecture

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data, the population of Miyazaki in 2020 is 401,339 people.[9] Miyazaki has been conducting censuses since 1920.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 112,288—    
1925 121,627+8.3%
1930 142,950+17.5%
1935 148,177+3.7%
1940 151,106+2.0%
1945 191,775+26.9%
1950 205,562+7.2%
YearPop.±%
1955 218,601+6.3%
1960 224,498+2.7%
1965 236,660+5.4%
1970 255,888+8.1%
1975 291,157+13.8%
1980 329,751+13.3%
1985 349,465+6.0%
YearPop.±%
1990 365,080+4.5%
1995 384,391+5.3%
2000 392,178+2.0%
2005 395,593+0.9%
2010 400,352+1.2%
2015 401,138+0.2%
2020 401,339+0.1%
Miyazaki population statistics[9]

EconomyEdit

Skynet Asia Airways has its headquarters in Miyazaki.[10] Asiana Airlines operates a sales office on the sixth floor of the Miyazaki Daiichi Seimei Building in Miyazaki.[11]Dell Inc has their two call centers in Japan then had opened the one on the 5th floor of Carino Miyazaki Building in Miyazaki.

Points of interestEdit

  • Miyazaki Prefectural Office became famous as a tourist spot when Hideo Higashikokubaru, a national celebrity, became the prefectural governor of Miyazaki.
  • Miyazaki-jingū, a shrine in the city's center, is one of Miyazaki's sacred dedications to Japan's first emperor, Jinmu.
  • Heiwadai Tower or "Peace Tower" (also known as the Hakkō ichiu monument), in the expansive Heiwadai Park, is a must-see for tourists. Originally the "Tower of the Emperor," symbolizing Japanese imperial expansion, it was renamed for peace after the events of World War II.
  • Aoshima Island and shrine boasts some rare rock formations known as the Devil's Washboard among a peaceful beach setting, and it is a popular relaxation and play destination for locals and travelers alike. The Aoshima Subtropical Botanical Garden is also located nearby and is free to the public, including their greenhouse which features colorful lighting during some summer evenings.
  • The Tom Watson Golf Course was produced by Tom Watson, an American professional golfer.
  • Phoenix Zoo is a combination live animal zoo and child-centered amusement park.[12]
  • The Citizen's Forest is a large park near the Phoenix Zoo. Located on its grounds is the Misogi-ike, Pond of Purification, that is the birthplace of the sun goddess Amaterasu according to legend.
  • The Ikimen Burial Mounds are located in Miyazaki and include the Ikime-no-mori Yukokan, Activity Centre, where visitors learn the history of the burial mounds and learn about ancient activities.
  • Miyazaki City is known for its excellent surfing conditions year-round. Kisakihama Beach, Aoshima Beach, and Shirahama Beach are popular surfing spots all within the city limits.
  • Kaeda Valley is a free public park and natural reserve featuring walking paths and hiking trails (various difficulty levels and estimated times to completion). Kaeda is a forested area with a river running through it.[13]
  • The Kirishima Sports Complex consists of various athletic facilities, such as running trails, a stadium, tennis courts, an outdoor ropes course, etc. as well as some indoor meeting space.[14] The complex hosts various sports games/matches and events throughout the year, including the Aoshima Taiheiyo Marathon.[15]
  • Miyazaki Mango is a world famous species that looks like the rising sun. Also known as the Sun Egg is used for gifting.[16]
  • Florante Miyazaki is a botanical park that features floral displays and a popular winter lights display.[17]
  • Aeon Mall Miyazaki offers retail stores, restaurants, a grocery store, and a cinema.[18]

TransportationEdit

The JR Kyushu Nichinan Line serves the area.

The Miyakoh Bus Company operates buses through Miyazaki City and surrounding towns. Website is available only in Japanese.[19]

The trains and buses accept payment through any IC card, however, some JR lines, such as the Nichinan Line, only accept cash.

The city is served by Miyazaki Airport.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Miyazaki has five sister cities:[20]

NationalEdit

InternationalEdit

Notable peopleEdit

EducationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Miyazaki City Official Website". Archived from the original on 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2014-11-05.
  2. ^ "Miyazaki Car Ferry Routes and Timetables". Archived from the original on 2014-11-13. Retrieved 2014-11-13.
  3. ^ Schellinger, Paul; Salkin, Robert, eds. (1996). International Dictionary of Historic Places, Volume 5: Asia and Oceania. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. pp. 592–594. ISBN 1-884964-04-4.
  4. ^ Travelogue of Hakko Ichiu at 31°56′54″N 131°24′52″E / 31.9483°N 131.41457°E / 31.9483; 131.41457
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2008-09-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  7. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  8. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  9. ^ a b Miyazaki population statistics
  10. ^ "Archived copy" 会社概要/会社案内. Skynet Asia Airways. Archived from the original on December 17, 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Worldwide Offices Japan." Asiana Airlines. Retrieved on January 19, 2009.
  12. ^ http://www.miyazaki-city-zoo.jp/univ/en/ Miyazaki-city
  13. ^ "Hiking in Beautiful Kaeda Valley - Miyazaki".
  14. ^ http://miyazaki-spokyo.jp
  15. ^ "32nd Aoshima Taiheiyo Marathon 2018 | SPORTS ENTRY -Find and register for sports events in Japan-".
  16. ^ https://japan-brand.jnto.go.jp/foods/fruits/105/[dead link]
  17. ^ "Florante Miyazaki : MIYAZAKI CITY TOURISM ASSOCIATION [JAPAN]". www.miyazaki-city.tourism.or.jp. Archived from the original on 2013-11-23.
  18. ^ "AEON MALL | AEON MALL Miyazaki".
  19. ^ https://www.miyakoh.co.jp/
  20. ^ "Sister cities on Miyazaki City Official Website". Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. Retrieved 2015-01-28.
  21. ^ "About Sky Brown, Inc". Penguin Random House. Retrieved 27 August 2020.

External linksEdit

  • Official website   (in Japanese)
  •   Geographic data related to Miyazaki (city) at OpenStreetMap