Monacha cartusiana


Monacha cartusiana
Monacha cartusiana fg01.jpg
Two live individuals of Monacha cartusiana on a human hand
Scientific classification
M. cartusiana
Binomial name
Monacha cartusiana

Helix cartusiana Müller, 1774

Monacha cartusiana is a species of small air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Hygromiidae, the hairy snails and their allies.

This is the type species of the genus Monacha.


Monacha cartusiana

The native distribution of this species is Atlantic-Mediterranean.[3] It lives in various areas including:

This species has been accidentally introduced and naturalized in:

  • United States - Newcastle County, Delaware[6]

Life cycle

The size of the egg is 1.8 mm.[7]


  1. ^ Neubert, E. (2011). "Monacha cartusiana". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2011: e.T157222A5056149. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T157222A5056149.en. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  2. ^ Müller, O. F. 1774. Vermivm terrestrium et fluviatilium, seu animalium infusoriorum, helminthicorum, et testaceorum, non marinorum, succincta historia. Volumen alterum. pp. I-XXVI [= 1-36], 1-214, [1-10]. Havniae & Lipsiae. (Heineck & Faber).
  3. ^ (in Slovak) Lisický M. J. (1991). Mollusca Slovenska [The Slovak molluscs]. VEDA vydavateľstvo Slovenskej akadémie vied, Bratislava, 344 pp.
  4. ^ Protection for wild animals on Schedule 5 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981. website accessed 7 August 2009.
  5. ^ Balashov I. & Gural-Sverlova N. 2012. An annotated checklist of the terrestrial molluscs of Ukraine. Journal of Conchology. 41 (1): 91-109.
  6. ^ Robinson, D.G. & J. Slapcinsky. 2005. Recent introductions of alien land snails into North America. American Malacological Bulletin 20:89-93.
  7. ^ Heller J.: Life History Strategies. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited page: 428.