Mongolian military ranks

Summary

The Military ranks of Mongolia are the military insignia used by the Mongolian Armed Forces and other military organisations such as Border defense troops, Internal troops, National emergency management agency, General executive agency of Court decision, General intelligence agency, and the State special security department.[1]

Current ranks and insignia

Current rank system is established in 2003 by introducing Sergeant major and Master sergeant ranks.[2] In 2006 Brigadier general, General ranks were introduced and Colonel general, General of the Army ranks were abolished.[3] Current set of rank insignia introduced in 2017. Officers insignia ulzii replaced by five-pointed star and non-commissioned officers insignia pattern replaced by chevrons.[4]

Enlisted personnels

Ranks Equivalent
NATO Code
Armed forces Border defense troops Internal troops
Compulsory service Voluntary service Compulsory service Voluntary service Compulsory service Voluntary service
Private
Байлдагч
OR-1
Mongolian Army-PVT-field
Mongolian Army-PVT(v)-field
Mongolian Border troops-PVT-field
Mongolian Border troops-PVT(v)-field
Mongolian Internal troops-PVT-field
Unknown
Senior private
Ахлах байлдагч
OR-2
Mongolian Army-PFC-field
Mongolian Army-PFC(v)-field
Mongolian Border troops-PFC-field
Mongolian Border troops-PFC(v)-field
Mongolian Internal troops-PFC-field
Unknown
Junior corporal
Дэд түрүүч
Mongolian Army-JCP-field
Mongolian Army-JCP(v)-field
Mongolian Border troops-JCP-field
Mongolian Border troops-JCP(v)-field
Mongolian Internal troops-JCP-field
Unknown
Corporal
Түрүүч
OR-3
Mongolian Army-CPL-field
Mongolian Army-CPL(v)-field
Mongolian Border troops-CPL-field
Mongolian Border troops-CPL(v)-field
Mongolian Internal troops-CPL-field
Unknown
Senior corporal
Ахлах түрүүч
OR-4
Mongolian Army-SCP-field
Mongolian Army-SCP(v)-field
Mongolian Border troops-SCP-field
Mongolian Border troops-SCP(v)-field
Mongolian Internal troops-SCP-field
Unknown

Non-commissioned officers

Ranks Equivalent
NATO Code
Parade uniform Service uniform Uniform shirt Field uniform
Junior sergeant
Дэд ахлагч
OR-5
Mongolian Army-JSG-parade
Mongolian Army-JSG-service
Mongolian Army-JSG-shirt
Mongolian Army-JSG-field
Sergeant
Aхлагч
OR-6
Mongolian Army-SGT-parade
Mongolian Army-SGT-service
Mongolian Army-SGT-shirt
Mongolian Army-SGT-field
Senior sergeant
Aхлах ахлагч
OR-7
Mongolian Army-SSG-parade
Mongolian Army-SSG-service
Mongolian Army-SSG-shirt
Mongolian Army-SSG-field
Master sergeant
Cургагч ахлагч
OR-8
Mongolian Army-MSG-parade
Mongolian Army-MSG-service
Mongolian Army-MSG-shirt
Mongolian Army-MSG-field
Sergeant major
Тэргүүн ахлагч
OR-9
Mongolian Army-SGM-parade
Mongolian Army-SGM-service
Mongolian Army-SGM-shirt
Mongolian Army-SGM-field

Commissioned Officers ranks and insignia

Ranks Equivalent
NATO Code
Parade uniform Service uniform[5] Uniform shirt Field uniform
Second Lieutenant
Дэслэгч
OF-1
Mongolian Army-2LT-parade
Mongolian Army-2LT-service
Mongolian Army-2LT-shirt
Mongolian Army-2LT-field
Lieutenant
Ахлах дэслэгч
Mongolian Army-1LT-parade
Mongolian Army-1LT-service
Mongolian Army-1LT-shirt
Mongolian Army-1LT-field
Captain
Ахмад
OF-2
Mongolian Army-CPT-parade
Mongolian Army-CPT-service
Mongolian Army-CPT-shirt
Mongolian Army-CPT-field
Major
Хошууч
OF-3
Mongolian Army-MAJ-parade
Mongolian Army-MAJ-service
Mongolian Army-MAJ-shirt
Mongolian Army-MAJ-field
Lieutenant Colonel
Дэд хурандаа
OF-4
Mongolian Army-LTC-parade
Mongolian Army-LTC-service
Mongolian Army-LTC-shirt
Mongolian Army-LTC-field
Colonel
Хурандаа
OF-5
Mongolian Army-COL-parade
Mongolian Army-COL-service
Mongolian Army-COL-shirt
Mongolian Army-COL-field
Brigadier general
Бригадын генерал
OF-6
Mongolian Army-BRG-parade
Mongolian Army-BRG-service
Mongolian Army-BRG-shirt
Mongolian Army-BRG-field
Major general
Хошууч генерал
OF-7
Mongolian Army-MJG-parade
Mongolian Army-MJG-service
Mongolian Army-MJG-shirt
Mongolian Army-MJG-field
Lieutenant general
Дэслэгч генерал
OF-8
Mongolian Army-LTG-parade
Mongolian Army-LTG-service
Mongolian Army-LTG-shirt
Mongolian Army-LTG-field
General
Генерал
OF-9
Mongolian Army-GEN-parade
Mongolian Army-GEN-service
Mongolian Army-GEN-shirt
Mongolian Army-GEN-field

Shoulder board of government officials

Branch and service color

Colors padding of shoulder boards and piping on uniforms are used in order to represent the type of branch or military organization.

Ground force branch of the Armed forces:   Red
Air force branch of the Armed forces,
General intelligence agency, State special security department:
  Blue
Border troops:   Green
Internal troops, General executive agency of Court decision:   Dark red
National emergency management agency (Civil defence):   Orange

Historical

Ranks and insignia from 1990 to 1998

In 1990, by the decree of Presidium of People's great khural, officers and non-commissioned officers insignia changed to 1936 design ulzii and "AA" letters of abbreviation People's army removed from enlisted personnel's shoulder board.[10]

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Parade uniform Mongolian Army-Colonel general-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Lieutenant general-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Major general-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Colonel-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Lieutenant colonel-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Major-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Captain-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Senior lieutenant-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Lieutenant-parade 1990-1998
Service uniform Mongolian Army-Colonel general-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Lieutenant general-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Major general-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Colonel-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Lieutenant colonel-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Major-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Captain-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Senior lieutenant -service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Lieutenant-service 1990-1998
Rank
designation
Хурандаа генерал
Khurandaa gyenyeral
Дэслэгч генерал
Deslegch gyenyeral
Хошууч генерал
Khoshuuch gyenyeral
Хурандаа
Khurandaa
Дэд хурандаа
Ded khurandaa
Хошууч
Khoshuuch
Ахмад
Akhmad
Ахлах дэслэгч
Akhlakh deslegch
Дэслэгч
Deslegch
Colonel general Lieutenant general Major general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Senior lieutenant Lieutenant

Non-commissioned officers and Enlisted personnels

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Parade uniform Mongolian Army-Senior sergeant-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Sergeant-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Junior sergeant-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Senior corporal-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Corporal-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Junior corporal-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Senior private-parade 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Private-parade 1990-1998
Service uniform Mongolian Army-Senior sergeant-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Sergeant-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Junior sergeant-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Senior corporal-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Corporal-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Junior corporal-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Senior private-service 1990-1998 Mongolian Army-Private-service 1990-1998
Rank
designation
Aхлах ахлагч
Akhlakh akhlagch
Aхлагч
Akhlagch
Дэд ахлагч
Ded akhlagch
Ахлах түрүүч
Akhlakh türüüch
Түрүүч
Türüüch
Дэд түрүүч
Ded türüüch
Ахлах байлдагч
Akhlakh baildagch
Байлдагч
Baildagch

Senior sergeant Sergeant Junior sergeant Senior corporal Corporal Junior corporal Senior soldier Soldier

Ranks and insignia from 1998 to 2017

In 1998, by the Presidential decree No.180, new uniform and rank insignia design approved.[11] In 2011 generals shoulder board insignia ulzii changed to five pointed star[12] and camouflage pattern of all field uniforms and shoulder boards changed to 4-tone digital pattern.

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Parade uniform Mongolian Army-GEN-parade 2006-2011 Mongolian Army-LTG-parade 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-MJG-parade 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-BRG-parade 2006-2011 Mongolian Army-COL-parade 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-LTC-parade 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-MAJ-parade 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-CPT-parade 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-1LT-parade 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-2LT-parade 1998-2017
Service uniform Mongolian Army-GEN-service 2006-2011 Mongolian Army-LTG-service 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-MJG-service 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-BRG-service 2006-2011 Mongolian Army-COL-service 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-LTC-service 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-MAJ-service 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-CPT-service 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-1LT-service 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-2LT-service 1998-2017
Field uniform Mongolian Army-GEN-field 2006-2011 Mongolian Army-LTG-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-MJG-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-BRG-field 2006-2011 Mongolian Army-COL-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-LTC-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-MAJ-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-CPT-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-1LT-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-2LT-field 1998-2011
Rank
designation
Генерал
Gyenyeral
Дэслэгч генерал
Deslegch gyenyeral
Хошууч генерал
Khoshuuch gyenyeral
Бригадын генерал
Brigadyn gyenyeral
Хурандаа
Khurandaa
Дэд хурандаа
Ded khurandaa
Хошууч
Khoshuuch
Ахмад
Akhmad
Ахлах дэслэгч
Akhlakh deslegch
Дэслэгч
Deslegch
General
(Colonel general until 2006)
Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general
(from 2006)
Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Senior lieutenant Lieutenant

Non-commissioned officers and Enlisted personnels

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Parade uniform Mongolian Army-SGM-parade 2003-2017 Mongolian Army-MSG-parade 2003-2017 Mongolian Army-SSG-parade 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-SGT-parade 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-JSG-parade 1998-2017
Service uniform Mongolian Army-SGM-service 2003-2017 Mongolian Army-MSG-service 2003-2017 Mongolian Army-SSG-service 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-SGT-service 1998-2017 Mongolian Army-JSG-service 1998-2017
Field uniform Mongolian Army-SGM-field 2003-2011 Mongolian Army-MSG-field 2003-2011 Mongolian Army-SSG-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-SGT-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-JSG-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-SCP-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-CPL-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-JCP-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-PFC-field 1998-2011 Mongolian Army-PVT-field 1998-2011
Rank
designation
Тэргүүн ахлагч
Tergüün akhlagch
Cургагч ахлагч
Curgagch akhlagch
Aхлах ахлагч
Akhlakh akhlagch
Aхлагч
Akhlagch
Дэд ахлагч
Ded akhlagch
Ахлах түрүүч
Akhlakh türüüch
Түрүүч
Türüüch
Дэд түрүүч
Ded türüüch
Ахлах байлдагч
Akhlakh baildagch
Байлдагч
Baildagch

Sergeant major
(from 2003)
Master sergeant
(from 2003)
Senior sergeant Sergeant Junior sergeant Senior corporal Corporal Junior corporal Senior soldier Soldier

Black variant of shoulder board

Black embroidery variant of officers and NCO's shoulder board was used mainly in peacekeeping missions.[13][14]

See also

Military ranks of the Mongolian People's Republic

References

  1. ^ The World Factbook
  2. ^ http://armedforces.blog.gogo.mn/read/entry45432
  3. ^ https://zasag.mn/m/ministry-of-defense/view/5342
  4. ^ "Монгол Улсын зэвсэгт хүчин".
  5. ^ Chief of General Staff (25 November 2019). "Order of the Chief of the General Staff: Number A / 595". gsmaf.gov.mn (in Mongolian). pp. 20–26. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  6. ^ "Ерөнхийлөгч энхийг сахиулагчдаа эргэлээ". 18 February 2013.
  7. ^ "У.Хүрэлсүх: Монгол Улсын төлөө зүтгэе". 18 March 2019.
  8. ^ "Батлан хамгаалахын сайд баруун аймгуудад ажилллаж байна".
  9. ^ "Нүүр".
  10. ^ "Stock Photo - Mongolia - Ulan Bator (Ulaanbaatar). National Day of Naddam. Military parade for the official opening".
  11. ^ https://www.legalinfo.mn/law/details/804?lawid=804
  12. ^ "Генералуудын мөрдэс дэх өлзий таван хошуугаар солигдоно".
  13. ^ "Эх орны минь дархан хил тайван байна".
  14. ^ "Энхийг сахиулагчдыг шагнав | News.MN". 25 November 2010.