Monochromatic color

Summary

Monochromatic colors are all the colors (tones, tints, and shades) of a single hue.

Example of a monochromatic color scheme

Monochromatic color schemes are derived from a single base hue and extended using its shades, tones and tints. Tints are achieved by adding white and shades and tones are achieved by adding a darker color, grey or black.

Monochromatic color gradient on color wheel

Monochromatic color schemes provide opportunities in art and visual communications design as they allow for a greater range of contrasting tones that can be used to attract attention, create focus and support legibility.

The use of a monochromatic color provides a strong sense of visual cohesion and can help support communication objectives through the use of connotative color. The relative absence of hue contrast can be offset by variations in tone and the addition of texture.[1]

Monochromatic in science means consisting of a single wavelength of light or other radiation (lasers, for example, usually produce monochromatic light), or having or appearing to have only one color (in comparison to polychromatic). That means according to science the true monochromatic images can be strictly created only of shades of one color fading to black.[2]

However, monochromatic also has another meaning similar to “boring” or “colorless” which sometimes leads to creating a design composed from true monochromatic color shades (one hue fading to black), and the colors created from the one hue but faded to all wavelengths (to white). This is not monochromatic in the strictly scientific meaning of the word.

Recommends for CUD

It is also recommended to use monochromatic color for Color Universal Design (CUD).[3] An image with enough contrast ratio monochromatic color also compatible with color blindness people.

Difference (confuse)

Red
Green

Same (high contrast)

Red
Light red

See also

References

  1. ^ O'Connor, Z. (2014). Colour Combination Techniques. Sydney AUS: Design Research Associates.
  2. ^ "the definition of monochromatic". Dictionary.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
  3. ^ "Color Universal Design (CUD) – How to make figures and presentations that are friendly to Colorblind people –". Archived from the original on December 15, 2017. Retrieved October 9, 2018.