Monroe
Aerial view of downtown Monroe
Aerial view of downtown Monroe
Location of Monroe, Washington
Location of Monroe, Washington
Coordinates: 47°51′28″N 121°59′18″W / 47.85778°N 121.98833°W / 47.85778; -121.98833Coordinates: 47°51′28″N 121°59′18″W / 47.85778°N 121.98833°W / 47.85778; -121.98833
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountySnohomish
Founded1864
IncorporatedDecember 20, 1902
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • MayorGeoffrey Thomas
Area
 • Total6.15 sq mi (15.94 km2)
 • Land6.09 sq mi (15.78 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation
72 ft (22 m)
Population
 • Total17,304
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
19,363
 • Density3,083.20/sq mi (1,190.36/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
98272
Area code360
FIPS code53-46685
GNIS feature ID1523319[4]
Websiteci.monroe.wa.us

Monroe is a city in Snohomish County, Washington, United States. It is located at the confluence of the Skykomish, Snohomish, and Snoqualmie rivers in the Cascade foothills, about 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Seattle. The population was 17,304 at the 2010 census. The population was estimated at 19,363 in 2018.

The town of Park Place was founded near the confluence in 1864 near several existing settlements in the Tulaco Valley on the site of a Skykomish trading post. Park Place was renamed to Monroe in 1890 to honor U.S. President James Monroe, and was moved northeast to be near the tracks of the Great Northern Railway, which was constructed in 1892. Monroe was incorporated in 1902 and was selected as the home of a major condensed milk plant and the state reformatory.

Monroe became a suburban bedroom community in the 1960s and 1970s, serving commuters to Everett, Seattle, and the Eastside. It is home to the Monroe Correctional Complex, which absorbed the original reformatory in 1998, and the Evergreen State Fair, which runs annually in late summer. The city is located at the junction of two highways, U.S. Route 2 and State Route 522, which were expanded in the late 20th century to serve commuters.

History

Origins and establishment of Park Place

The confluence of the Skykomish and Snoqualmie rivers had originally belonged to the indigenous Skykomish tribe, who predominantly occupied the area between modern-day Monroe and Index.[5] The confluence itself was known as Tualco (Lushootseed: squa'lxo), and a nearby Skykomish village named S'dodohobc acted as a trade post between several Coast Salish groups.[5][6] The land around the confluence was cleared into a prairie and used to cultivate berries, hazelnuts, and other plants.[7] The Skykomish were among the tribes to sign the Treaty of Point Elliott in 1855, effectively ceding their traditional territories, including the Tulaco and confluence areas.[6]

The area around modern-day Monroe was surveyed by George B. McClellan and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers during their expedition to find a suitable pass for a railroad across the Cascade Mountains.[7] The Treaty of Point Elliott was not fully ratified until 1859, but the first American settlers had already arrived and claimed squatters rights to homestead in the Skykomish Valley. Robert Smallman, an English immigrant, arrived in 1855 and was the first to homestead on the land around modern-day Monroe.[7] He was followed by Henry McClurg, an appointed county commissioner, who settled in the area with his wife Martha in 1860. McClurg later founded the settlement of Park Place in 1864, on a site one mile (1.6 km) west of modern-day downtown Monroe.[6][8] Two other settlers arrived in 1860: Salem Woods, who claimed a small prairie to the northeast of Tualco and was later elected county sheriff; and Charles Harriman, a territorial legislator who settled in Park Place.[9]

Park Place and Tulaco, located on opposite sides of the Skykomish River, grew with the arrival of more settlers in the 1860s and 1870s.[8] A local school district, the second in the county, was established in 1869 by McClurg, and Park Place gained a post office in 1877 with Woods as postmaster.[10] A ferry crossing the Skykomish River was established in 1882, several years prior to the start of regular steamship service on the river as far east as Sultan. The first roads in the area were surveyed in 1882, including an 11-mile (18 km) wagon road connecting Park Place to Snohomish in the west.[11] During the 1880s, settlers in Park Place and Tulaco received their first shipment of dairy cattle and also began planting hops, which would briefly become a cash crop until the arrival of the hop aphid and economic panic of the 1890s ruined the harvest.[11]

Renaming and relocation

The Wagner and Wilson sawmill, one of the largest in Monroe at the beginning of the 20th century

The original Park Place post office and general store were abandoned and replaced by a new building that opened in 1890. John Vanasdlen, operator of new store, petitioned for the reopening of the post office but was rejected by the U.S. Post Office Department, which only allowed a single-word name for new offices. "Monroe" was chosen by Vanasdlen, with the input of McClurg, to honor of U.S. President James Monroe.[6][12] The new post office for Monroe was granted by the U.S. Post Office Department on March 19, 1890.[13]

The Great Northern Railway chose a route over Stevens Pass in the late 1880s for its transcontinental railroad connecting Seattle to St. Paul, Minnesota, bringing new development to the Skykomish Valley. Monroe at Park Place was platted in 1890 and gained several new businesses, including a blacksmith, grocery store, a second hotel, and a butcher.[12] The final survey for Great Northern in 1891 placed the railroad tracks one mile (1.6 km) northeast of Park Place, bypassing the settlement in favor of a straighter alignment to cross the Snohomish River south of downtown Snohomish.[12]

The railroad built a small depot named "Wales" on the 40-acre (16 ha) homestead of Jack Stretch, who platted a settlement on the north side of the tracks that he named "Tye City" for Great Northern's locating engineer George Tye.[12] Great Northern completed their railroad through the Skykomish Valley in January 1893, following additional work near Snohomish to rebuild a bridge that had been destroyed in a flood.[14] In late 1892 and early 1893, several merchants in Park Place moved their buildings to the south side of Tye City using teams of oxen, horses, and a steam thresher.[15] After the relocation of Vanasdlen's general store and post office, the settlement became known as Monroe.[10]

The completion of the railroad attracted lumber operations to the Monroe area, boosted by the opening of the first shingle mill in 1894 and the first sawmill on Woods Creek in 1897. A bridge across the Skykomish River was opened in 1894 to replace the ferry and the town's first church was established two years later.[10] The county government chose a 40-acre (16 ha) site north of Monroe for a 20-bed poor farm at the modern-day site of the Evergreen State Fairgrounds; it later became the Valley General Hospital.[16] A cooperative of Monroe-area farmers built the city's first creamery in 1895, which was destroyed in a fire four years later and later rebuilt. By the end of the decade, Monroe had also gained a new school building, telephone service, a local newspaper, a full-time doctor, and paved sidewalks.[17]

Incorporation and new industries

Carnation Condensery Stack

On the morning of September 16, 1901, a fire started at the Odd Fellows community hall and spread to nearby buildings, destroying the only complete block of businesses in Monroe.[18] The fire caused an estimated $8,100 in damage, but the businesses and buildings were rebuilt and within two years a permanent fire department was established.[6][19] Monroe was incorporated as a fourth-class town on December 20, 1902, following a 88–37 vote in favor.[20][21] At the time of incorporation, the area around Monroe had over 900 residents, five general stores, eight saloons, six restaurants, four sawmills, and five shingle mills.[22] A new town hall building was completed in November 1908, costing $7,000 and paid for using a saloon license tax; the building now serves as the home of a local history museum.[23]

The new town government granted a municipal water franchise to a private company in 1903, sparking a conflict with local water companies. A competing water company unsuccessfully sued the town for franchise rights, but later acquired the original franchised company to operate Monroe's water. The town government proposed to acquire the system through a buyout, but their offers were rejected. A separate gravity water system was constructed by the town in 1923 that bankrupted the private system.[24] The town government also granted franchises to private companies for electricity and a hospital in 1903.[25] Monroe gained a new road to Snohomish in 1904, which was followed a year later by a new bridge over the Skykomish River on Lewis Street (now State Route 203).[26]

The state government chose Monroe as the site of the state's second reformatory in 1907, ahead of competing bids from Arlington and Sultan.[27] The first inmate at the facility's temporary buildings in August 1908; construction of a permanent building, now part of the Monroe Correctional Complex, began in May 1910 and was completed later that year at a cost of $1.5 million.[28] The Pacific Coast Condensed Milk Company opened a milk condensery in Monroe on August 29, 1908, serving 2,000 visitors on "Condenser Day".[29] The plant was the largest producer of Carnation brand condensed milk and brought the city's population to 2,500 within two years of opening.[30][31] Within a year, the plant was producing 250,000 pounds (110,000 kg) of condensed milk per day;[32] the Carnation condensery was later closed in 1928 and destroyed in a fire on March 23, 1944.[31]

By the early 1910s, Monroe and the Cherry Valley were home to seven school districts serving rural communities in the surrounding area. A union high school was proposed to serve the students graduating from the seven districts and was opened on September 1, 1911.[33] A new train depot was constructed by the Great Northern Railway in 1909 to serve the mainline as well as a branch line traversing the Snoqualmie Valley that was open two years later by the Milwaukee Road.[34][35] The local timber industry declined and was replaced by a larger reliance on agriculture, namely dairy, vegetable, and berry farms on the logged-off lands around Monroe.[36][37] One of the largest farms in the area was a 2,000-acre (810 ha) lettuce farm and meat-packing plant owned by Charles Frye, later the benefactor of the Frye Art Museum in Seattle.[38] A greenhouse operated by the Great Northern Railway was established in 1926 to supply passengers and decorate trains with fresh flowers. The complex later expanded to include ten greenhouses, but were demolished in 1962.[39]

Fairs and suburban growth

The Great Depression struck Monroe as it did elsewhere in the nation and much of the town's industry closed down. As a result, the city fathers applied for national funds and established programs to help the town. The funds built a school, which can still be seen on Main Street, as well as road improvements.[citation needed] Local granges organized small fairs and parades from 1937 to 1939, which later grew into Monroe's first county fair, the Cavalcade of the Valleys, held in 1941 at the County Poor Farm.[40][41] Although interrupted by World War II, the fair resumed in 1946 with the help of many local residents such as Mr. and Mrs. Shine Peters, then owners of Monroe Floral, who helped plant all the flowers shrubs and trees that decorated the grounds from their nursery. The annual Evergreen State Fair remains an important part of the city's culture today.

This old house near the center of Monroe was once used as an antique shop.

After the depression and war, industry did not return to the city and the area became ever more oriented towards agriculture and dairy. By 1949, the city had twice rejected proposals to become a third-class city because of the increased operating costs needed; it also lacked a full-time fire department.[42] It continued to grow, albeit slowly, throughout much of the 1950s and 1960s. In April 1965 a major earthquake struck Western Washington and severed damaged the original Monroe High School and its annex, which were later demolished. The new high school opened in 1968 and replaced by the modern campus built in 1999.[10]

Great Northern was consolidated into the Burlington Northern Railroad in 1970, and the Monroe train depot was demolished in October of that year.[43] In the early 1970s Monroe became the terminus for State Route 522 (Originally SR 202, before being realigned into SR 522), which offers a more direct connection to Interstate 405 and larger cities to the south. This has opened the city up and helped to establish it as a true bedroom community for several Eastside job centers. The highway meets up with U.S. Route 2 in the town.[44] Between 1980 and 2000, the population of the city doubled to over 6,700.[45]

During the 1990s and 2000s, several large strip malls and major retailers were built along US 2. The North Kelsey development in the early 2010s brought a controversial Walmart to Monroe, which was challenged by neighborhood activists for violating the city's plans for a pedestrian-friendly retail neighborhood.[46][47] An industrial complex, known as Fryelands, was developed in 1990s from a subdivided farm in western Monroe.[45] The older downtown on Main Street underwent revitalization in the 2000s to preserve its character.[48]

Geography

Monroe is located in south-central Snohomish County near the confluence of the Skykomish and Snoqualmie rivers, which form the Snohomish River.[49] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.11 square miles (15.82 km2), of which, 6.05 square miles (15.67 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.[50] The city limits are generally defined by Lake Tye and Fyrelands Boulevard to the west, the Skykomish River to the south, Woods Creek to the east, and to the north by Milwaukee Hill and other foothills.[51]

The city sits in a floodplain that experiences periodic floods. The surrounding area includes hills and plateaus that were formed from glacial till and gravel deposits.[49]

On July 12, 2019, a pair of minor earthquakes on the Monroe Fault occurred west of the city and were felt as far as Seattle and Vancouver without causing damage.[52]

Climate

The climate in the Monroe area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. Under the Köppen climate classification system, Monroe has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate.

Climate data for Monroe
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
(22)
75
(24)
79
(26)
85
(29)
94
(34)
96
(36)
102
(39)
101
(38)
97
(36)
88
(31)
77
(25)
66
(19)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 44.9
(7.2)
49.6
(9.8)
53.8
(12.1)
59.9
(15.5)
66.1
(18.9)
70.9
(21.6)
76.4
(24.7)
76.3
(24.6)
70.7
(21.5)
60.8
(16.0)
50.6
(10.3)
45.2
(7.3)
60.4
(15.8)
Average low °F (°C) 32.7
(0.4)
34
(1)
36.4
(2.4)
39.8
(4.3)
44.7
(7.1)
49.5
(9.7)
52
(11)
52.2
(11.2)
48.5
(9.2)
43
(6)
37.2
(2.9)
34
(1)
42
(6)
Record low °F (°C) −3
(−19)
−2
(−19)
12
(−11)
23
(−5)
29
(−2)
34
(1)
33
(1)
39
(4)
30
(−1)
21
(−6)
1
(−17)
1
(−17)
−3
(−19)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 6.25
(159)
4.5
(110)
4.8
(120)
3.54
(90)
3.11
(79)
2.52
(64)
1.24
(31)
1.55
(39)
2.55
(65)
4.52
(115)
6.56
(167)
6.66
(169)
47.8
(1,210)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.1
(7.9)
1
(2.5)
0.7
(1.8)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.6
(1.5)
2.4
(6.1)
8
(20)
Average precipitation days 21 17 19 16 13 11 6 7 10 16 20 21 177
Source: Western Regional Climate Center[53]

Economy

Monroe has an estimated workforce population of 7,644 residents and an unemployment rate of 7.2 percent as of 2015.[54] Only 15 percent of employed residents work within city limits, while the rest commute to other cities for work. The most common locations for jobs employing Monroe residents are in Seattle (15%), Everett (9%), Redmond (9%), Bellevue (8%), and Kirkland (4%).[55] The average one-way commute for the city's workers was approximately 30.8 minutes in 2015; 75 percent of commuters drove alone to their workplace, while 14 percent carpooled and 3 percent used public transit.[54] The most common occupations for Monroe residents are in the education and health care sector (19%), followed by manufacturing (15%), retail (13%), and professional fields (12%).[54]

The city of Monroe has 9,466 jobs, primarily employing residents from within the city and in smaller communities to the east.[55][56] The city's largest employer is the Washington State Department of Corrections, which operates the Monroe Correctional Complex and provides more than 1,100 jobs.[57] Other large employers include the Monroe School District, the Cadman quarry, the Evergreen State Fair, EvergreenHealth Monroe, and large retailers.[58] The city also has a large industrial park in the Fyrelands area that was established in the 1990s and was fully developed by 2008,[45] providing 24 percent of jobs in the city and 2.2 million square feet (200,000 m2) of space.[56][59] The largest non-industrial job sectors include professional services, government, and retail, particularly big-box stores along the U.S. Route 2 corridor.[56][60]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,552
19201,6757.9%
19301,570−6.3%
19401,5901.3%
19501,556−2.1%
19601,90122.2%
19702,68741.3%
19802,8696.8%
19904,27849.1%
200013,795222.5%
201017,30425.4%
Est. 201819,363[3]11.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[61][62]

Monroe is the tenth largest city in Snohomish County by population, with an estimated 19,363 residents in 2018.[3][63] The city's population grew rapidly in the years after it incorporated in 1902, but leveled off under 2,000 until the 1970s.[64] Suburban development following the completion of State Route 522 and expansion of U.S. Route 2 caused large increases in Monroe's population, peaking in the 1990s and early 2000s.[45][65]

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 17,304 people, 5,024 households, and 3,600 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,860.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,104.3/km2). There were 5,306 housing units at an average density of 877.0 per square mile (338.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.6% White, 3.5% African American, 1.4% Native American, 2.8% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 9.6% from other races, and 3.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.1% of the population.[2]

There were 5,024 households of which 46.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.3% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.41.[2]

The median age in the city was 33.1 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 36.1% were from 25 to 44; 21.2% were from 45 to 64; and 7.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 56.3% male and 43.7% female.[2]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 13,795 people, 4,173 households, and 3,058 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,388.4 people per square mile (921.5/km2). There were 4,427 housing units at an average density of 766.5 per square mile (295.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.13% White, 3.15% African American, 1.32% Native American, 2.38% Asian, 0.31% Pacific Islander, 4.01% from other races, and 2.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.66% of the population. 21.0% were of German, 10.1% English and 9.3% Irish ancestry.[66]

There were 4,173 households out of which 45.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.26.[66]

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 27.4% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 41.4% from 25 to 44, 14.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 126.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 137.3 males.[66]

The median income for a household in the city was $50,390, and the median income for a family was $55,793. Males had a median income of $39,847 versus $31,633 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,912. About 5.6% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over.[66]

Government and politics

Monroe is a non-charter code city with a mayor–council government.[67] The seven-member city council typically meets once a week at the city hall, built in 1977 and located at a civic center campus southwest of downtown.[68][69] The city councilmembers and mayor serve four-year terms that are staggered and filled in elections held during odd-numbered years.[70] Six of the councilmembers are from districts, while the seventh is elected at-large; prior to 2017, the at-large seat was elected to a two-year term.[71] The current mayor is Geoffrey Thomas, a former councilmember and city planner who was elected in 2013 and re-elected in 2017.[72][73]

The city government has 113 employees and an annual budget of $27.1 million in 2017, overseen by a city administrator appointed by the mayor and city council. The government provides municipal services through its departments, which include community development, economic development, emergency services, a municipal court, parks and recreation, permitting, public works, and utilities.[74][75] The city has a police department with 32 officers and 10 civilian workers.[76] Other services, including the fire district (based in Monroe) and public library, are contracted out to regional authorities and agencies.[77]

At the federal level, Monroe is part of Washington's 1st congressional district,[78] which has been represented by Democrat Suzan DelBene since 2012.[79] At the state level, the city is part of the 39th legislative district, which also includes rural areas between Sedro-Woolley and Skykomish.[78] The 39th district's senator is Kirk Pearson and its representatives are Dan Kristiansen and Carolyn Eslick.[80] Monroe is also wholly part of the Snohomish County Council's 5th district, represented by Sam Low of Lake Stevens since 2016.[81][82]

Correctional centers

The Washington State Department of Corrections operates several prison facilities in the city, which have been consolidated into the Monroe Correctional Complex since 1998.[83] It is the largest prison in the state, with capacity for 2,500 inmates and detainees, and is divided into five units across a 365-acre (148 ha) campus that is staffed by 1,185 workers.[84] The Washington State Reformatory opened in 1908 and expanded with a unit for mentally-ill prisoners in 1981 and the 500-bed Twin Rivers medium-custody facility in 1984.[6] The 467-inmate minimum-security unit opened in 1997 and an intensive management unit was opened in 2007 to house 144 inmates at higher security levels.[83][84] The state legislature's proposal to close the complex in 2009 due to its high costs was withdrawn and replaced with cuts to capacity at other facilities.[85]

Culture

Arts

A non-profit arts council for Monroe was founded in 2003 and sponsors art projects and events in the city using small government grants.[86] The arts council sponsored the creation of a 80-foot (24 m) mural depicting the ecosystem of local rivers that was installed on a building in downtown Monroe in 2004.[87] The arts council renovated an elementary school auditorium into the city's performing arts center in the 2010s after a plan to build a dedicated facility was shelved.[88][89]

Part of the 1981 drama biographic film Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy was filmed in Monroe.[90] The 2002 horror film The Ring and its sequel, The Ring Two, were both partially filmed in Monroe and Stanwood.[91]

Attractions and events

The city is home to the annual Evergreen State Fair, a county fair which takes place in late August and early September at a fairground located northwest of downtown Monroe. It is the second largest fair in Washington state, behind the Puyallup Fair, and attracts approximately 350,000 over its twelve-day run.[92][93] The city also has an annual parade during the opening weekend of the fair in late August.[94] The 200-acre (81 ha) fairgrounds are owned by the county government and also host other events year-round.[95] The fairgrounds also include the Evergreen Speedway, a racetrack that hosted the NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series from 1995 to 2000.[96]

The Snohomish County Explosion, a semi-professional basketball team playing in the International Basketball League and the National Athletic Basketball League, hosted its games at Monroe Sports Arena on the high school campus from 2008 to 2010 between stints in Everett.[97]

The Reptile Zoo, formerly the Washington Serpentarium, is a roadside animal park for reptiles that is located on U.S. Route 2 east of Monroe. The 3,000-square-foot (280 m2) building houses 150 creatures and attracts 40,000 annual visitors.[98] It was previously located in Gold Bar but moved to the Monroe area in 2003.[99]

Parks and recreation

Monroe has 14 parks with a total area of 207 acres (84 ha), of which 62.6 acres (25.3 ha) is designated as usable space.[100] The city government's parks and recreation department maintains the parks and organizes recreational events for residents alongside private organizations like the YMCA.[101] Monroe also has 14 miles (23 km) of multi-use pedestrian and bicycle trails that connect neighborhoods and parks.[102] The city's largest park is Al Borlin Park, a 90-acre (36 ha) nature preserve with hiking trails located on the peninsula formed by the Skykomish River and Woods Creek.[103] The city is also located near two county-owned parks: Lord Hill Regional Park, a 1,300-acre (530 ha) nature reserve with wilderness trails;[104] and Fairfield Park, a facility with several soccer fields near the western city limits.[105]

The largest community park in Monroe is the 64.5-acre (26.1 ha) Lake Tye Park, which comprises sports playfields, a skate park, and a 49-acre (20 ha) artificial lake that is stocked with fish.[106] In the 2010s, a private developer proposed construction of a water park on Lake Tye, but the plan remains unfunded.[107]

Media

The Monroe Monitor and Valley News is a local weekly newspaper that is published in Monroe by the Pacific Publishing Company.[108] It was founded in 1899 as the Monitor and later acquired two other newspapers operating in the Skykomish Valley: the Monroe Transcript in 1908 and the Valley News in 1985, based in Sultan.[109] The area is also served by The Everett Herald and The Seattle Times, the daily newspapers in the northern Puget Sound region.[110]

Monroe has a public library operated by the Sno-Isle Libraries system, which serves most of Snohomish County. The Monroe branch library opened in 2002, replacing an earlier building that was expanded by Sno-Isle in 1987.[111] The newer library near the civic campus cost $6.8 million to construct and has 84,000 items in a 20,000 square feet (1,900 m2) building.[112] The Monroe library serves a population of 36,622 residents, including areas surrounding Monroe, and circulated over 291,000 items in 2014.[113]

Historical preservation

Monroe's former city hall, now used as a historical museum

Monroe's local historical society was established in 1976 and maintains a museum that opened in 1982 at the former city hall in downtown Monroe, built in 1908.[114] The museum has pieces of local memorabilia, including a carved canoe and equipment from closed businesses, and a large collection of historical photographs.[115] The historical society also hosts an exhibit during the Evergreen State Fair at the Shannahan Cabin, a historic home built in the 1880s and moved to the fairgrounds in the 1960s; the cabin is also listed on the county's register of historic places.[116] The fairgrounds are also home to the Western Heritage Center, a county-owned museum that has a collection of agricultural and industrial artifacts that were donated for display.[117]

The downtown area has several historic buildings that were constructed in the early 20th century and preserved by local owners and groups.[118][119] At the northeast end of downtown is a 150-foot (46 m) landmark steam stack, the last remnant of a Carnation milk condensery plant that was built in 1908 and burned down in 1944.[31][120]

Notable residents

Education

The administration building for the Monroe School District, located in a former downtown elementary school

The Monroe School District operates public schools within the city and serves several surrounding communities, including Maltby and Woods Creek.[141] The school district had an enrollment of approximately 7,096 students in 2016, with 303 total teachers and 170 other staff.[142] It has one high school, Monroe High School, that is located next to the Washington State Reformatory and was opened in 1999 after six failed ballot measures to fund the $30 million construction cost.[143]

The district has one middle school and three elementary schools within Monroe city limits, several of which were renovated in 2018 using $111 million in bonds.[144] It also operates alternative education centers for multiple grade levels, including the Sky Valley Educational Center in the former Monroe Middle School building, which was closed after the consolidation of the three middle schools into two buildings.[145][146]

Monroe is also home to the East Campus of Everett Community College with 400 enrolled students. The branch campus opened in 1999 as part of an agreement with the Monroe School District and relocated to a new building near Lake Tye in 2010.[147][148]

Infrastructure

Transportation

Monroe is located at the intersection of three highways: U.S. Route 2 (US 2), which travels eastward from Everett and over Stevens Pass to Eastern Washington; State Route 203, which follows the Snoqualmie River south towards Fall City and North Bend; State Route 522, an expressway which terminates in Monroe and connects the area to Seattle and Bothell to the southwest.[149] Other major roads in Monroe include Main Street, which continues beyond the city limits towards Snohomish and Sultan; North Kelsey Street, which continues north to Chain Lake; and Fryelands Boulevard on the west edge of the city.[150] US 2 is routinely congested through the Monroe area and plans for a highway bypass have been proposed since the 1970s, but it remains unfunded.[151][152]

The city is bisected by the Scenic Subdivision, a major railroad owned by BNSF Railway that is used for freight and Amtrak's Empire Builder passenger service.[153] Public transit in Monroe is provided by the countywide Community Transit system, with two local bus routes traveling along the US 2 corridor between Everett and Gold Bar, with some trips during peak periods continuing to the Boeing Everett Factory.[154] A commuter bus route from Snohomish to Downtown Seattle runs during peak periods on State Route 522 and Interstate 405, stopping at a park and ride lot in Monroe with 102 stalls.[155][156]

Monroe also has a privately owned airfield, First Air Field, located adjacent to the Evergreen State Fairgrounds. The single-runway facility handles an average of 50 takeoffs and landings per day and has 73 aircraft based there.[157][158]

Utilities

The city's public utilities are provided by the municipal government, regional agencies, and private companies. Electrical services in Monroe are provided by the Snohomish County Public Utility District (PUD), a consumer-owned public utility that serves all of Snohomish County.[159] The Snohomish County PUD delivers electricity to Monroe via a transmission corridor from their Snohomish substation to two substations in the city.[160] Puget Sound Energy provides natural gas service to the city's residents and businesses using a pipeline from Canada.[160][161] Telecommunications services, including telephones, cable television, and internet, are split between Verizon and Comcast.[162] The city government has a waste disposal contract with Waste Management, which provides curbside garbage, recycling, and yard waste collection.[163]

The city government manages tap water and sewage services, which includes treatment and delivery. Monroe's tap water is purchased from the City of Everett and sourced from Lake Chaplain in the Sultan River basin, which travels via a pipeline to the north of the city. Sewage and wastewater is collected and cleaned at a sewage treatment plant that discharges into the Skykomish River.[164] The largest customer for the city's water services is the Washington State Department of Corrections, which also has its own sewage treatment system.[165][166]

Health care

Monroe has a 112-bed general hospital operated by EvergreenHealth and formerly known as the Valley General Hospital.[167] It was opened in 1949, replacing a facility at the State Poor Farm, and was expanded several times with funds from voter-approved tax levies.[168] The city also has several small medical clinics, including those operated by Providence Health & Services and SeaMar Community Health Centers.[169][170]

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External links

  • City website
  • Monroe Historical Society