Moračnik Monastery
Манастир Морачник
Manastir moracnik idealna rekonstrukcija.jpg
Ideal reconstruction of the monastery
Religion
AffiliationSerbian Orthodox Church
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusEparchy of Budimlja-Nikšić
Location
LocationMoračnik island on Skadar Lake
StateZeta (modern-day Montenegro)
Moračnik Monastery is located in Montenegro
Moračnik Monastery
Shown within Montenegro
Geographic coordinates42°08′24″N 19°15′26″E / 42.1400°N 19.2572°E / 42.1400; 19.2572Coordinates: 42°08′24″N 19°15′26″E / 42.1400°N 19.2572°E / 42.1400; 19.2572
Architecture
Funded byBalša III[1]
Completedbetween 1400 and 1417[2]

Moračnik Monastery (Serbian Cyrillic: Манастир Морачник) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery on Moračnik island on Skadar Lake in modern-day Montenegro. It is positioned across from the village of Bobovište, whose residents used it as their church before they converted to Islam.[3]

History

The name of the monastery is derived from the name of the island. The monastery was mentioned in the chapter issued by Balša III in 1417 by which he granted a salt evaporation pond to the monastery.[4] It was built after 1400,[5] probably between 1403 and 1417.[6] The monastery was so poor in the 17th century that in 1665 its hegumen, together with hegumen and monks from Vranjina Monastery, requested help from Catholic bishop of Scutari Pjetër Bogdani.[7] During Montenegrin-Ottoman war in 1853 monastery was attacked by Ottoman forces. Defended by three Leković brothers: Mališa, Savo and Andrija from the nearby Godinje village who were badly outnumbered, it was eventually captured while his defenders according to a local folklore died a heroic death.[8] Until 1997, when the first liturgy was done, the monastery was defunct.[9] Pavle Rovinski thought that this monastery was part of nearby Prečista Krajinska Monastery.[10]

Layout

Plan of Moračnik Monastery

The monastery was surrounded by a stone wall and consisted of the following buildings: a church dedicated to the Holy Mother of God, residence, communal dining-hall and a tower with a chapel on top.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ Snežana Miladinović (2002). Zadužbine. "Službeni glasnik". p. 62. Retrieved 6 August 2013. Морачник се по први пут помиње 1417. године у Повељи Балше III који је ктитор овог манастира.
  2. ^ Svetlana S. Popović (1994). Krst u krugu: arhitektura manastira u srednjovekovnoj Srbiji. Prosveta. p. 229. Retrieved 6 August 2013. Морачник изгра- ђен је манастир посвећен Богородици, који се по- миње 1417. године у повел>и Балше III Ђурђе- вића, што би значило да је изграђен раније, на самом почетку XV столећа
  3. ^ Delo: list za nauku, književnost i društveni život. Carna radikalna štamparija. 1894. p. 441. Retrieved 8 August 2013. Манастир Морачник у језеру стоји спрам села Бобовишга, и он се близу овог села види ; и без сумње да је ово прије турчења Бобовиштана била њихова црква.
  4. ^ MobileReference. Travel Montenegro: Illustrated Guide, Phrasebook and Maps. MobileReference. p. 390. ISBN 978-1-61198-237-4. Retrieved 27 July 2013. "Moracnik Monastery" is located on the island of Moracnik on Skadar Lake. It was first mentioned in 1417, in the Charter of Balša III. The monastery complex consists of a church dedicated to the Holy Mother of God, an accommodation building
  5. ^ Olga Zirojević (1984). Crkve i manastiri na području Pećke patrijaršije do 1683. godine. Istorijski institut u Beogradu. p. 61. Retrieved 6 August 2013. ...црква на Морачнику у Скадарском језеру. Помиње се први пут у повељи Балше III из 1417. године. Изграђена је, највероватније, после 1400.
  6. ^ Marković 2004, p. 1

    Ako se prihvati teza da je njen ktitor bio Balša III Đurđević, koji je stupio na presto 1403. godine/ onda bi se vrijeme gradnje crkve moglo fiksirati između 1404. i 1417. godine, kada se prvi put pominje u dokumentima.

  7. ^ Томаш Марковић (1969). Историја школства и просвјете у Црној Гори. Завод за издавање уџбеника Социјалистичке Републике Србије. p. 144. Retrieved 8 August 2013. Он је у XVII веку био веома сиромашан
  8. ^ http://www.in4s.net/obnova-manastira-crkava-u-crnoj-gori-u-vrijeme-mitropolita-amfilohija-manastir-moracnik/
  9. ^ Pravoslavlje. Izdaje Srpska patrijaršija. 2005. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 1997. први пут се служи Света Литургија на Бешки и Морачнику...
  10. ^ Alma Mater Croatica. 1940. p. 107. Retrieved 6 August 2013. Pavle Rovinski misli, da je manastir na otoku Moračniku »bio u f ili jalnom odnosu prema Prečistoj Krajinskoj«
  11. ^ "Spomenici kulture: Manastir Moračnik, Skadarsko jezero, XV vijek". http://www.barinfo.me/. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013. External link in |publisher= (help)

Further reading

  • Marković, Čedomir (2004). "Manastir Moračnik". Glasnik Narodnog Muzeja Crne Gore (in Serbian). Cetinje: Narodni Muzej Crne Gore. ISSN 1800-5713. Retrieved 6 August 2013.