Moreno Hill Formation
Stratigraphic range: Turonian
TypeGeological formation
PrimarySandstone, Shale
OtherSiltstone, Coal
Region New Mexico
Country United States

The Moreno Hill Formation is a geological formation in New Mexico whose strata date back to the Late Cretaceous. Dinosaur remains are among the fossils that have been recovered from the formation.[1]

Vertebrate paleofauna


Dinosaurs of the Moreno Hill Formation
Taxa Presence Description Images


  1. J. rugoculus

A basal hadrosauromorph.[2]


  1. N. mckinleyi

A therizinosaur.[3] "Teeth, fragmentary skull bones, cervical and other vertebrae, scapula, partial forelimb and hindlimb."[4]


  1. S. hazelae

A tyrannosauroid based on a partial skull and skeleton.[5]


  1. Z. christopheri

A ceratopsian.[6] "Partial cranial and postcranial materials of five individuals."[7]


Ankylosaur teeth (specimens MSM P15742 and MSM P15743)[8]

See also


  1. ^ Weishampel, David B; et al. (2004). "Dinosaur distribution (Late Cretaceous, North America)." In: Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; and Osmólska, Halszka (eds.): The Dinosauria, 2nd, Berkeley: University of California Press. Pp. 574-588. ISBN 0-520-24209-2.
  2. ^ McDonald, A.T., Wolfe, D.G., and Kirkland, J.I. (2006). "On a hadrosauromorph (Dinosauria: Onithopoda) from the Moreno Hill Formation (Cretaceous, Turonian) of New Mexico." Pp. 277-280 in Lucas, S.G. and Sullivan, R.M. (eds.), Late Cretaceous vertebrates from the Western Interior. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin, 35.
  3. ^ Kirkland, J.I., and Wolfe, D.G. (2001). "First definitive therizinosaurid (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from North America." Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 21(3): 410-414.
  4. ^ "Table 7.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 152.
  5. ^ Wolfe, Douglas G.; McDonald, Andrew T.; Kirkland, James I.; Turner, Alan H.; Smith, Nathan D.; Brusatte, Stephen L.; Loewen, Mark A.; Denton, Robert K.; Nesbitt, Sterling J. (May 6, 2019). "A mid-Cretaceous tyrannosauroid and the origin of North American end-Cretaceous dinosaur assemblages". Nature Ecology & Evolution: 1. doi:10.1038/s41559-019-0888-0 – via
  6. ^ Wolfe, D.G. and Kirkland, J.I. (1998). "Zuniceratops christopheri n. gen. & n. sp., a ceratopsian dinosaur from the Moreno Hill Formation (Cretaceous, Turonian) of west-central New Mexico." Pp. 303-317 in Lucas, S.G., Kirkland, J.I., Estep, J.W. (eds.), Lower and Middle Cretaceous Terrestrial Ecosystems: New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin, 14.
  7. ^ "Table 22.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 480.
  8. ^ Sterling J. Nesbitt; Robert K. Denton Jr; Mark A. Loewen; Stephen L. Brusatte; Nathan D. Smith; Alan H. Turner; James I. Kirkland; Andrew T. McDonald; Douglas G. Wolfe (2019). "Supplementary information for: A mid-Cretaceous tyrannosauroid and the origin of North American end-Cretaceous dinosaur assemblages" (PDF). Nature Ecology & Evolution. 3.