Moscow Exchange


Moscow Exchange
Moscow Exchange.gif
Moscow Exhacnge main building.jpg
TypeStock exchange, Futures exchange, FX exchange
LocationMoscow, Russia
Founded19 December 2011; 9 years ago (2011-12-19)
OwnerPublic company
Key peopleYury Denisov (CEO)
CurrencyRussian ruble
No. of listings219[1]
Market capUS$ $698.21 Billion[2]
IndicesMOEX Russia Index, RTS Index

Moscow Exchange (Russian: ПАО Моско́вская би́ржа, tr. PAO Moskovskaya Birzha, IPA: [mɐˈskofskəjə ˈbʲirʐə]; lit.'Moscow Bourse'), the largest exchange group in Russia, operates trading markets in equities, bonds, derivatives, the foreign exchange market, money markets and precious metals. The Moscow Exchange Group also operates Russia's central securities depository (National Settlement Depository) and the country's largest clearing service provider (National Clearing Centre).[3] The exchange is a result of December 2011 merger of the Moscow Interbank Currency Exchange (MICEX) and the Russian Trading System. In April 2018, Moscow Exchange signed Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Shanghai Gold Exchange.[4][5]


Moscow Exchange was established on 19 December 2011 by merging the two largest Moscow-based exchanges, the Moscow Interbank Currency Exchange (MICEX) and the Russian Trading System, hence the name "Moscow Exchange MICEX-RTS".[6] Both organisations had been formed in the 1990s and were the leading Russian exchanges for two decades with their MICEX Index and the RTS Index. The merger created a single entity[6] and advanced Russia's plans to turn Moscow into an international financial centre.[7] The exchange rebranded in July 2012.[6][8]

The exchange completed its initial public offering on 15 February 2013, raising 15 billion rubles (approximately $500 million).[9] The offering, at the time the largest ever held exclusively in Moscow, was more than twice oversubscribed and drew demand from institutional investors globally. The exchange's shares were included in the MSCI Russia Index as of 26 November 2013.[10] In July 2014 the Central Bank of Russia, the largest shareholder of the exchange, completed the public sale of shares representing nearly 12% of the exchange.[11] A Russian federal law requires the Central Bank to fully sell its stake in the exchange by 1 January 2016.[12] In October 2018, Moscow Exchange launched the trading of deliverable gold futures on its Derivatives Market.[13] Gold are delivered through precious metals market spot section.[13]


The Executive Board consists of five members:

  • Yury Denisov,[14] chief executive officer since 2019 and a past supervisory board member[15]
  • Max Lapin, chief financial officer since 2017[16]
  • Andrey Burilov, chief information officer since 2020,[17]
  • Igor Marich, a 20-year veteran of Moscow Exchange[18]
  • Dmitry Shcheglov, chief operating officer, a veteran of Moscow Exchange and its predecessor MICEX.

For 2020-2021 the board consists of the following members:[19]


Moscow Exchange's shares are publicly traded under the ticker MOEX. As of April 2016 approximately 57% of shares were in the free float, while the following held blocks of shares: Central Bank of Russia (11.75%),[26] Sberbank (9.9%), Vnesheconombank (8.4%) and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (6.1%).

Trading markets

Equity & Bond Market

The Equity & Bond Market is a key platform for Russian businesses to raise capital and for domestic and international investors to access equity and debt investment opportunities. The marketplace is the main trading venue for Russian stocks as well as government, municipal, and corporate bonds. In 2013–2014, 16 companies placed stock via Moscow Exchange, raising a total of approximately RUB 200 bln. On the fixed income side, more than 400 bond issues were placed, raising more than RUB 3.4 trillion for issuers.

Moscow Exchange includes shares of many of Russia's largest companies including Gazprom, Sberbank, Rosneft, Lukoil and VTB.[27]

Most global investment banks began to provide their clients with DMA to the Russian market in 2013.[28] As a result of regulatory changes, the international central securities depositories Euroclear and Clearstream now offer settlement services for Russian stocks and bonds.[29]

In addition to attracting international investors to trade on its platform, Moscow Exchange is focused on further developing the domestic investor base. Recent changes to the regulation of pension funds, together with changes to the listing rules, allow more assets of non-state pension funds to be invested into the market. Other legislative changes incentivise retail investors through reduced taxation to invest into stocks and bonds.[30]

Foreign Exchange and Money market

Moscow Exchange's FX and Money Market is a key element of the Russian financial system. The Bank of Russia uses the Exchange's infrastructure to implement monetary policy and provide liquidity to the market through repo transactions and FX swap transactions. For its domestic and international clients, including banks and corporates, Moscow Exchange offers a range of products to manage liquidity and FX exposure. It is the centre of pricing for RUB and offers many RUB currency pairs, all with tight spreads based on a transparent order book.[31]

FX Market All transactions (spot and swap) on the FX market are centrally cleared by National Clearing Centre. In September 2014, average daily trading volume across all currency pairs was US$22.4 bln.[32]

While RUB/USD and RUB/EUR remain the most traded currency pairs, Moscow Exchange also actively promotes trading in other currencies. In particular the RUB/CNY pair has been well received by the market[33] and trading in the GBP and HKD were launched in late 2014.[34]

Derivatives market

Moscow Exchange is one of the 10 largest exchange platforms for derivatives trading globally.[35] The Derivatives Market facilitates trading of options contracts on, as well as futures contracts on indices, shares of both Russian and foreign companies, currency pairs, precious metals, energy and agricultural products.[36]

Futures on the RTS Index ranked sixth among the world's most actively traded derivatives on stock market indices according to data from the Futures Industry Association as of June 2014. Futures contracts on the U.S. dollar-Russian ruble are ranked first in global liquidity, according to the Futures Industry Association.[37]

As of October 2014, 58 types of futures and 18 types of options are traded on the Exchange.[38]

Commodities markets

Precious metals trading

Moscow Exchange introduced spot trading in gold and silver in 2013. It has postponed a launch of trade in platinum and palladium by end of October or early November 2014 in order to do additional testing of the trading and clearing system.[39]

Grain trading

National Mercantile Exchange is Russia's platform for spot grain trading, as well as in deliverable futures on agricultural products. Since 2002, National Mercantile Exchange has been the platform by which the Russian state executes interventions in the grain market.[40]

Post-trade services, subsidiaries

Moscow Exchange subsidiary National Settlement Depository (NSD) was granted status as Russia's Central Securities Depository in 2012. Subsequently, Euroclear and Clearstream opened accounts with the NSD, allowing international investors access to Russian bonds and equities.[41] Another Moscow Exchange subsidiary, National Clearing Centre (NCC), is Russia's largest clearing center and is the Central Counterparty (CCP) across all Moscow Exchange markets.

See also


  1. ^ "Instruments". Moscow Exchange. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  2. ^ "tradinghours". Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Moscow Exchange". Moscow Exchange.
  4. ^ "Moscow Exchange signs MoU with Shanghai Gold Exchange". LeapRate. 20 April 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Moscow Exchange Signs Memorandum of Understanding With Shanghai Gold Exchange". Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "Micex and RTS merger creates Russian Exchange powerhouse". 19 December 2011.
  7. ^ "Russia's Micex and RTS set to complete merger". Financial Times.
  8. ^ "Russian Stock Exchange Gets New Name". RIA Novosti. 3 July 2012.
  9. ^ "Themes of the week - Moscow Exchange". Kommersant. 18 February 2013.
  10. ^ "LSR Group, Inter RAO, TMK Tumble on MSCI Deletion: Moscow Mover, Ksenia Galouchko". 8 November 2013.
  11. ^ "Russian Stocks Stagnate, but Moscow Exchange Shares Soar". Institutional Investor. 9 July 2014.
  12. ^ "Russian central bank decides to sell Moscow Exchange shares". Reuters. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  13. ^ a b "Moscow Exchange launches gold futures with physical delivery". LeapRate. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  14. ^ "Management- Moscow Exchange". Moscow Exchange. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
  15. ^ "Moscow Exchange names new CEO to oversee growth plans". Reuters. 16 April 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  16. ^ "BRIEF-Moscow Exchange names Maxim Lapin as new CFO". Reuters. 29 September 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  17. ^ "MOEX Appoints Andrey Burilov as Chief Information Officer | Finance Magnates". Finance Magnates | Financial and business news. 1 June 2020. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  18. ^ "Moscow Exchange - Igor Marich, Managing Director of Money and FX Markets, Moscow Exchange". Moscow Exchange. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  19. ^ "Moscow Exchange". Moscow Exchange. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  20. ^ "BRIEF-Moscow Exchange: Oleg Vyugin Named Chairman of the Supervisory Board". Reuters. 26 April 2018. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  21. ^ "Vadim Kulik elected Deputy President and Chairman of VTB Bank". Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  22. ^ "Moscow Exchange - Maxim Krasnykh". Moscow Exchange. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  23. ^ "Wim Hautekiet to Succeed Paul Bodart as CEO of BNY Mellon Europe - Global Custodian – The Leading quarterly magazine covering the international securities services industry". Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  24. ^ "BME Reorganizes Data, IT Divisions". 17 January 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  25. ^ "Oskar Hartmann". Alfa Bank. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  26. ^ "On OJSC Moscow Exchange shares selling price". Bank of Russia. 2 July 2014.
  27. ^ "Constituents — Moscow Exchange | Indices". 20 March 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
  28. ^ "Global banks battle Russian brokers for equties trading". Financial News. 5 September 2013.
  29. ^ "Russia Stocks Erase Gain on Poroshenko Warning as Sistema slides". Bloomberg. 18 September 2014.
  30. ^ "Moscow Exchange". Moscow Exchange.
  31. ^ "About the FX Market". Moscow Exchange.
  32. ^ "Moscow Exchange September Forex turnover jumps 10% MoM and 28.1% YoY". Leap Rate. 10 January 2014.
  33. ^ "Chinese yuan trading volume up 60% in September on Moscow Exchange". Financial. 4 October 2014.
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  35. ^ "World Federation of Exchanges - Monthly Reports". Archived from the original on 17 August 2014.
  36. ^ "Futures Market Instruments".
  37. ^ "Trading Volume". Futures Industry. 16 September 2014.
  38. ^ "Moscow Exchange". Moscow Exchange.
  39. ^ "Moscow Exchange launches trading in precious metals". Moscow Exchange. 21 October 2013.
  40. ^ "National Mercantile Exchange". Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  41. ^ "Project "South Stream" cannot be stopped, said the head of Gazprom Invest". Business-Tass. 3 December 2013.

External links

  • Official website
  • English version

Coordinates: 55°45′19″N 37°36′22″E / 55.75528°N 37.60611°E / 55.75528; 37.60611