Mrnjava (Serbian: Мрњава[a]) was a Serbian provincial nobleman, born in Zahumlje, a frontier province in the western Serbian Kingdom. Mrnjava is the eponymous founder of the notable Mrnjavčević family; his son Vukašin Mrnjavčević became the co-ruler of the Serbian Empire (1365–1371) as king during the fall of the Serbian Empire.
Mrnjava's father was "Mrnjan" (Latin: Mergnanus; fl. c. 1280-1289), a financial chancellor (Latin: camerarius, sr. kaznac, lit. chamberlain) who served the king and queen, Stephen Uroš I and Helen of Anjou, at the court at Trebinje (in the royal province of Travunia). Mavro Orbini wrote that the family hailed from Hum, and that the poor Mrnjava and his two sons, who later lived in Blagaj, quickly rose to prominence under Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia who sent for them to come to his court. Possibly, the family had left Hum, which had been part of the Serbian Kingdom, after the Bosnian conquest of Hum (1326), and settled in Livno (where Vukašin was allegedly born). The family most likely supported Dušan's Bosnian campaign (1350), in which he saw to reconquer Hum.
The name of his wife is unknown. Modern historiography has confirmed that he fathered two sons:
Mavro Orbini (mid 16th century -1614) added a third son to his descendants. This hypothesis was supported Pavel Jozef Šafárik, but no third son is acknowledged in modern historiography:
His name has also been rendered Marnjava
Mikhail Khalanskii claims that his real name was Nenad
, while Mrnjava
was a nickname.
- ^ a b c Boskovic, Vladislav (2009). King Vukasin and the Disastrous Battle of Marica. GRIN Verlag. p. 2. ISBN 3640492439. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- ^ a b c d e Fine 1994, pp. 362-363 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFine1994 (help)
- ^ Europäische Stammtafeln II 162
- ^ a b Lee 1906, p. 314 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFLee1906 (help)
- ^ Zprávy o zasedání královské českē společnosti nauk (1889), p. 128
- ^ Soulis 1984, p. 92 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFSoulis1984 (help)
- ^ Fine 1994, p. 322 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFine1994 (help)
- ^ Miklošič 1858, p. 180, № CLXVII.
- Orbini, Mauro (1601). Il Regno de gli Slavi hoggi corrottamente detti Schiavoni. Pesaro: Apresso Girolamo Concordia.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Орбин, Мавро (1968). Краљевство Словена. Београд: Српска књижевна задруга.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- John V.A. Fine. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. The University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-08260-4
- M.A. Vladislav Boskovic (2009), King Vukasin and the Disastrous Battle of Maritsa", GRIN Verlag, ISBN 978-3-640-49243-5
- Gerald Stanley Lee (1906), "The voice of the machines:
an introduction to the twentieth century", The Mount Tom press
- George Christos Soulis (1984), "The Serbs and Byzantium during the reign of Tsar Stephen Dušan (1331-1355) and his successors", Dumbarton Oaks Library and Collection