Arcminute Microkelvin Imager
Cambridge Low Frequency Synthesis Telescope
Cambridge Optical Aperture Synthesis Telescope
Interplanetary Scintillation Array
Location of Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory
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The Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory (MRAO) is located near Cambridge, UK and is home to a number of the largest and most advanced aperture synthesis radio telescopes in the world, including the One-Mile Telescope, 5-km Ryle Telescope, and the Arcminute Microkelvin Imager. It was founded by the University of Cambridge and is an institute of the Cambridge University Astronomy Department.
Radio interferometry started in the mid-1940s on the outskirts of Cambridge, but with funding from the Science Research Council and a corporate donation of £100,000 from Mullard Limited, a leading commercial manufacturer of thermionic valves.
The observatory was founded under Martin Ryle of the Radio-Astronomy Group of the Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge and was opened by Sir Edward Victor Appleton on 25 July 1957. This group is now known as the Cavendish Astrophysics Group.
The site is located a few miles south-west of Cambridge University at Lords Bridge Station in Greater Cambridgeshire on a former ordnance storage facility, next to the now-disused Oxford-Cambridge Varsity railway line.
A portion of the track bed of the old line, running nearly east-west for several miles, was used to form the main part of the "5km" radio-telescope and the Cambridge Low Frequency Synthesis Telescope.
|Arcminute Microkelvin Imager Large Array||2007||Active|
|Arcminute Microkelvin Imager Small Array||2004||Active|
|Very Small Array (moved to Tenerife in 1999)||1998||Active|
|Cosmic Anisotropy Telescope made first high-resolution maps of Cosmic Microwave Background fluctuations||1995||Decommissioned|
|Cambridge Optical Aperture Synthesis Telescope (COAST) first aperture synthesis at optical wavelengths||1993||Operated on clear nights|
|One receiver from the e-MERLIN array||1990||Active|
|Cambridge Low Frequency Synthesis Telescope (CLFST)||1980||Decommissioned|
|Ryle Telescope (formerly 5-Kilometre Telescope)||1971||Decommissioned|
(repurposed for AMI LA in 2006)
|Interplanetary Scintillation Array discovered first pulsar||1967||Decommissioned|
|4C Array, first telescope at the Cambridge's new observatory, used to make the 4C catalogue||1958||Decommissioned|
The following photographs (except for the last 2 items) were taken in June 2014:
Lecture hall and exhibition centre in the station house of Lord's Bridge Railway Station
Several antennas of the Arcminute Microkelvin Imager Large Array
The Arcminute Microkelvin Imager Small Array
Stitched panorama of the Cosmic Anisotropy Telescope enclosure
Part of the Cambridge Optical Aperture Synthesis Telescope
The interior of the bunker of the Cambridge Optical Aperture Synthesis Telescope
The receiver from the e-MERLIN array
Surviving Yagi antennas of the Cambridge Low Frequency Synthesis Telescope
Two antennas of the Half-Mile Telescope
Remains of the Interplanetary Scintillation Array
One antenna of the One-Mile Telescope (left), two of the Half-Mile Telescope (centre) and the remains of the 4C Array (right)
Detail of the remains of the 4C Array, with antennas of the One-Mile Telescope in the background
The Mullard Foundation plaque
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