N. G. L. Hammond
Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond
15 November 1907
|Died||24 March 2001(aged 93)|
|Children||3 (including Caroline Bammel)|
|Alma mater||Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge|
|Service/||Special Operations Executive|
|Years of service||1940–1945|
|Battles/wars||Second World War|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Order |
Order of the Phoenix (Greece)
Hammond studied classics at Fettes College and Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. He excelled in his exams and also spent vacations exploring Greece on foot, acquiring knowledge of the topography and terrain. These abilities led him to be recruited by the Special Operations Executive during World War II in 1940. His activities included many dangerous sabotage missions in Greece (especially on the Greek island of Crete). As an officer, in 1944 he was in command of the Allied military mission to the Greek resistance in Thessaly and Macedonia. There he came to know those regions thoroughly. He published a memoir of his war service entitled Venture into Greece in 1983; he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order and the Greek Order of the Phoenix.
In the postwar period, Hammond returned to academia as senior tutor at Clare College, Cambridge. In 1954, he became headmaster of Clifton College, Bristol and in 1962 was appointed Henry Overton Wills Professor of Greek at Bristol University, a post which he held until his retirement in 1973. He was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1968 and an honorary member of the Centre des Nouvelles études de l'histoire, de la philosophie et des problèmes sociaux à Clermont-Ferrand in 1988.
His scholarship focused on the history of ancient Macedonia and Epirus, and he was considered the leading expert on Macedonia. He was also editor and contributor to various volumes of the Cambridge Ancient History and the second edition of the Oxford Classical Dictionary. He was known for his works about Alexander the Great and for suggesting the relationship of Vergina with Aegae, the ancient Macedonian royal city, before the archaeological discoveries.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: N. G. L. Hammond|