NGC 1278


NGC 1278
SDSS NGC 1278.jpg
SDSS image of NGC 1278 (center), NGC 1277 can be seen to the upper right of the image.
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Right ascension03h 19m 54.1s[1]
Declination41° 33′ 48″[1]
Helio radial velocity6090 km/s[1]
Distance231 Mly (70.7 Mpc)[1]
Group or clusterPerseus Cluster
Apparent magnitude (V)13.57[1]
TypeE pec[1]
Size~130,000 ly (40 kpc) (estimated)[1]
Apparent size (V)1.5 x 1.3[1]
Other designations
IC 1907, UGC 02670, PGC 012438, CGCG 540-105, MCG +07-07-065[1]

NGC 1278 is an elliptical galaxy located about 230 million light-years away[2] in the constellation Perseus.[3] NGC 1278 was discovered by astronomer Heinrich d'Arrest on February 14, 1863. It was then rediscovered by astronomer Guillaume Bigourdan on October 22, 1884 and was later listed as IC 1907.[4] NGC 1278 is a member of the Perseus Cluster[5][4] and is a low-luminosity AGN (LLAGN).[6]

Globular clusters

Unlike the nearby galaxy NGC 1277 which has a dominant population of metal-rich or “red” globular clusters, NGC 1278 has a rich population of both metal-rich and metal-poor or “blue” globular clusters.[7]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 1278. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  2. ^ "Your NED Search Results". Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  3. ^ "Revised NGC Data for NGC 1278". Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  4. ^ a b "New General Catalog Objects: NGC 1250 - 1299". Retrieved 2018-06-15.
  5. ^ Brunzendorf, J.; Meusinger, H. (October 1, 1999). "The galaxy cluster Abell 426 (Perseus). A catalogue of 660 galaxy positions, isophotal magnitudes and morphological types". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series. 139 (1): 141–161. Bibcode:1999A&AS..139..141B. doi:10.1051/aas:1999111. ISSN 0365-0138.
  6. ^ Park, Songyoun; Yang, Jun; Oonk, J. B. Raymond; Paragi, Zsolt (2017-03-11). "Discovery of five low-luminosity active galactic nuclei at the centre of the Perseus cluster". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 465 (4): 3943–3948. arXiv:1611.05986. Bibcode:2017MNRAS.465.3943P. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw3012. ISSN 0035-8711. S2CID 53538944.
  7. ^ Beasley, Michael A.; Trujillo, Ignacio; Leaman, Ryan; Montes, Mireia (2018-03-12). "A single population of red globular clusters around the massive compact galaxy NGC 1277". Nature. 555 (7697): 483–486. arXiv:1803.04893. Bibcode:2018Natur.555..483B. doi:10.1038/nature25756. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 29531319. S2CID 4440393.

External links

  • Media related to NGC 1278 at Wikimedia Commons
  • NGC 1278 on WikiSky: DSS2, SDSS, GALEX, IRAS, Hydrogen α, X-Ray, Astrophoto, Sky Map, Articles and images