Namibian Navy

Summary

Namibian Navy
Namibian Navy Logo.jpg
Emblem of the Namibian Navy
Founded10 October 2004; 17 years ago (2004-10-10)
Country Namibia
AllegianceConstitution of Namibia
TypeBrown-water navy
Size1200[1]
Part ofNamibian Defence Force
Garrison/HQWalvis Bay, Erongo Region, Namibia
Anniversaries11 September 1998 (Maritime Wing)[2]
10 October 2004 (Navy)
Commanders
Commander In ChiefPresident Hage Geingob
Minister of DefencePeter Vilho
Navy CommanderRear Admiral Alweendo Amungulu
Insignia
Naval EnsignFlag of Namibia.svg

The Namibian Navy is the maritime warfare branch of the Namibian Defence Force.

History

Namibian Navy sailors on parade in downtown Windhoek on 20 March 2015 during Namibia's Independence celebration

Development of Namibia's navy has been slow, and the force was only formally established on 11 September 1998 as a maritime wing and in 2004 as a fully fledged navy, fourteen years after independence. Extensive Brazilian aid has assisted in the development of the Namibian Navy. Initially a group of four learners were dispatched to the Naval Academy in Brazil who got complemented by ten officers from the Namibian Army who would be the core group were sent to Brazil in August 1995 after Walvis Bay had been integrated into Namibia in 1994. This group led by Phestus Sacharia consisted of officers such as Peter Vilho, Sinsy Nghipandua, Alweendo Amungulu and Petrus Tjandja, would be the future Headquarters staff and Ship captains.[3] Later 15 seaman were sent to Brazil for their studies as well. They completed their studies in 1998 from the Admiral Wandenkolk Instruction Center in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[4] In 1996 the second group of six students all members of the public were also sent to Brazil for studies. The Maritime wing headquarters was established in 1998, while in 2000 the Navy base construction at Walvis Bay started.[4]

Consisting of approximately 1200 personnel the Navy deploys a small number of lightly armed patrol vessels. The first maritime wing commander was Captain Phestus Sacharia. The first ship to be commissioned into service was the donated patrol boat Oryx in 2002.[5] Brazil and Namibia signed an agreement in 2004 for the delivery of a patrol boat and two smaller patrol craft. The newly built 200 ton patrol boat NS Brendan Simbwaye, built at the Brazilian shipyard INACE, was commissioned on January 19, 2009.[6]

An ongoing co-operation program allows Namibian sailors and naval officers to be trained by the Brazilian Navy; by 2009, 466 seamen had been trained. Brazil also provided assistance in preparing a nautical chart of the approach to Walvis Bay and consulting in charting the outer limits of the continental shelf.[7] The Brazilian Navy has also trained the Namibian Marine Corps.[8]

Role

The Ministry of Defence has outlined the Naval policy as follows:

"In peacetime, the Navy of the NDF have a role of augmenting civil offshore patrol forces, particularly providing the means and the expertise to execute enforcement action effectively. Specific tasks include assisting civil forces to combat illegal immigration, smuggling (arms, drugs etc.) and threats to the environment; conducting maritime surveillance, search and rescue; and assisting the Ministry of Fisheries with enforcing a fisheries protection regime. A longer term peacetime task is the protection of offshore oil, gas, diamonds and other installations. A navy aerial surveillance component is a necessary part of the defence system."[9]

Fleet

The fleet is operationally divided into Squadrons, the squadron are based on the different roles of the different boats and ships, the squadrons were activated on the 24th May 2018. There are four squadrons namely:

  • Combat Squadron
  • Combat Support Squadron
  • Coastal Patrol Squadron
  • Harbour Patrol Squadron

Current

Name Picture Origin Class Type Built Entered service (LNF) Notes
Combat Support Squadron
S11 Elephant Namibian Navy vessel.JPG  China Elephant class Logistics Support Vessel 2012 2012 Multipurpose offshore Patrol and logistics vessel built at Wuhan Shipyard.
Coastal Patrol Boat Squadron
P11 Brendan Simbwaye NPa Grajaú (P-40).jpg  Brazil Grajaú-class patrol boat Patrol Boat 2009 2010 Hull P11
NPV Oryx  Germany Oryx Class Patrol Boat 1975 2002 Transferred from Namibian Fisheries ministry to Navy
Combat Squadron
C12 Daures[10] Namibian Navy Type 037 Class boats.jpg  China Type 037 corvette Class [11] Corvette 2017 Ex PLAN ship Wanning hull 786
C13 Brukkaros[10] Namibian Navy Type 037 Class boats.jpg  China Type 037 corvette[11] Corvette 2017 Ex PLAN ship Ledong Hull 748
Harbor Patrol Squadron
HPB20 Terrace Bay AviPa Barracuda (LP-02).jpg  Brazil Marlim Class Patrol Craft 2009 2010 Hull HPB20
HPB21 Möwe Bay AviPa Barracuda (LP-02).jpg  Brazil Marlim Class Patrol Craft 2009 2010 Hull HPB21
Y01 and Y10 Namacurra harbour patrol boat.jpg  South Africa Namacurra class harbour patrol boat 1980–1981 2002 Donated by the South African Navy

Other boats

In 2012/2013 the Namibian Navy ordered 19 new craft from Kobus Naval Design and Veercraft Marine of South Africa.[12]

  • 5x 4-meter-Rowboats[12]
  • 5x 6-meter-RHIBs
  • 2x 6-meter-Harbor Patrol Boats
  • 2x 8-meter-Boarding Boats
  • 2x 8-meter-Swamp Boats
  • 1x 11-meter-Landing Craft
  • 2x 14-meter-Interceptors[13]

Decommissioned ships

Installations

Map of Namibia showing the Namibian Navy bases
Naval Base PN Sacharia
Naval Base PN Sacharia
Naval Calling Station Luderitz
Naval Calling Station Luderitz
Naval Base Impalila
Naval Base Impalila
Map of Namibia showing the Namibian Navy bases (Click on base icon for link to details)

Naval Base Capt PN Sacharia

The naval base is situated at the port of Walvis Bay. The base was inaugurated in 2012 though its building was completed in 2004. It is officially known as the Naval Base Capt (N) P.N. Sacharia. Captain Phestus Sacharia (died 2002) was the Maritime Wing's first commander and was instrumental in its establishment. The base has a 200 meter long jetty. The current base Commanding Officer is Captain Armas Iigonda . The base also houses the navy headquarters.

Naval Calling Station Luderitz

The Naval Calling Station Luderitz is based at Namibia's only other harbour town, Luderitz.[15] The commanding officer of the unit is Commander George A Kiimba ,

Naval Training School

The Training School is located at the Rooikop Military base.[15] It was founded in 2009.[16] The school's Commandant is Marine Captain(N) Lazarus Erastus. Currently the school only trains junior naval ratings, administratively its divided into two wings namely the Sailors Training Wing and Marine Training Wing.[17] Courses offered at the school are the Basic Seamanship for sailors, Marine Soldier Specialization and Marine Section Commander Courses for marines.[17]

Old Naval Base

The 'Old Naval Base' in Walvis Bay functions as the current headquarters of the Namibian Marine Corps. The current Commandant of the Old Naval Base is Commander Rachel Tuyoleni.

Naval Base Impalila

Naval Base Impalila is a riverine naval base located at Impalila Island Zambezi Region and is permanently manned by marines.[18][19]

Organisation

The navy is a hierarchical organisation with the navy commander exercising overall command. The Navy Commander is always a 2 star flag officer who is then deputized by two 1 star flag officers heading the Naval Operations and the Naval Support directorates. The two directorates are made up of divisions headed by Chiefs of Staff(COS) who are usually Captain(N). Division of Naval Plans & Naval Operations falls under Naval Operations Directorate, while Naval Personnel & Naval ICT falls under Naval Support Directorate. The Navy is further augmented by the Namibian Marine Corps. The navy has 1200 personnel, most of whom have been trained in Brazil and South Africa.

Command structure

Sleeve insignia Appointment Rank and Name
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Navy Commander Rear Admiral Alweendo Amungulu
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Deputy Navy Commander Rear Admiral(JG) Sackeus !Gonteb
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commander Naval Operations Rear Admiral(JG) Gotlieb Pandeni[20]
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commander Naval Support Rear Admiral(JG) Lazarus Erastus
Generic-Navy-O7.svg Chief of Naval Staff Captain(N) Stanley Kapuire
Generic-Navy-O7.svg Marine Corps Commandant Captain(N)
Generic-Navy-O7.svg Naval Training School Commandant Captain(N) Fanuel Iyambo
Generic-Navy-O7.svg PN Sacharia Naval Base Commandant Captain(N) Armas Iigonda
Generic-Navy-O5.svg Old Naval Base Commandant Commander
Generic-Navy-O5.svg Naval Calling Station Commandant Commander George A Kiimba
Generic-Navy-O5.svg Naval Base Impalila Commandant Commander
06-Namibia Navy-WO1.svg Master at Arms of the Navy Warrant Officer class 1

Navy Commander

The following officers have held the appointment of Navy Commander or its previous title Maritime Wing Commander since the commissioning of the Maritime Wing on September 11, 1998

Master at arms of the Navy

The Master at arms of the Navy is the senior most appointment a Warrant Officer Class one my hold at the Navy. Roles of the Master at Arms include ensuring that discipline, drills, dressing code, performance standards and morale of the non-commissioned officers are maintained.

  • 1998–2007 WO1 DJ Angolo
  • 2007 -unknown W01 Hamunyela
  • unknown-currently WO1 Kamati

Marines

The Namibian Marine Corps are a unit of the Navy. Its role is to provide naval infantry, amphibious, diving and small boat capability to the Navy. They are a battalion strong. The marines are trained by Brazilian naval instructors at the Naval Training School near Walvis Bay. The marine commandant is Captain Appolos Haimbala.[21]

Ranks and insignia

Naval ranks and insignia are based on the Royal Navy. Non-Commissioned Officers only retain the ranks as their insignia consists of a system of chevrons. The same ranks are also used by the Namibian Marine Corps. The highest rank in peace time a commissioned officer can attain in the navy is Rear Admiral. There may however be an exception when a naval officer is appointed as Chief of the Defence Force for which the individual which ascend to the rank of Vice-Admiral. The highest rank an enlisted member can attain is Warrant Officer Class 1 but the highest appointment is Namibian Defence Force Sergeant Major.

Officer rank insignia

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
 Namibian Navy[22]
16-Namibia Navy-ADM.svg 15-Namibia Navy-VADM.svg 14-Namibia Navy-RADM.svg 13-Namibia Navy-RAJG.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-5.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-4.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-3.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-2.svg Turkey-Navy-OF-1c.svg British Royal Navy (sleeves) OF-1b.svg 07.RNO-MIDN.svg
Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Rear admiral junior grade Captain Commander Lieutenant commander Lieutenant Lieutenant junior grade Ensign Midshipman

Non-commissioned officers and other appointments

Warrant Officer's can hold the following appointments.[23]

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
 Namibian Navy[22]
06-Namibia Navy-WO1.svg 05-Namibia Navy-WO2.svg 04-Namibia Navy-CPO.svg 03-Namibia Navy-PO.svg 02-Namibia Navy-LS.svg 01-Namibia Navy-AB.svg No insignia
Warrant officer class 1 Warrant officer class 2 Chief petty officer Petty officer Leading seaman Able seaman Seaman

Proficiency badges

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 September 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ http://www.mod.gov.na/web/mod/navy1
  4. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 September 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Namibia Defence Force: Namibia Navy marks its day.(n.d). Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved October 10, 2011, Namibian Ministry of Defence
  6. ^ Press release: Brazil exports warship to Namibia, Brazilian Navy, January 8, 2009. (in Portuguese)
  7. ^ Brazil-Namibia co-operation, Brazilian Navy (in Portuguese)
  8. ^ "Marinha do Brasil forma Primeira Turma de Soldados Fuzileiros Navais da Namíbia". Mar.mil.br. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  9. ^ "Ministry of Defence". Mod.gov.na. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Nghipandua jetzt Chef – Ministerium – Allgemeine Zeitung". Az.com.na. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Two new navy vessels delivered for Namibia – Namib Times". Namibtimes.net. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  12. ^ a b Martin, Guy. "KND progressing with 19-vessel order for Namibian Navy – defenceWeb". defenceweb.co.za. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  13. ^ "Namibia navy orders 17 new vessels". namibian.com.na. Retrieved 2 April 2017.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Naval ship, Lt. Gen Dimo Hamaambo decommissioned". New Era. Archived from the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  15. ^ a b New Era Publication Corporation. "Namibian navy weathering the storm". New Era Newspaper Namibia.
  16. ^ Marketing, Intouch Interactive. "Prince dethroned in title fight – Sports – Namibian Sun". namibiansun.com. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  17. ^ a b "Naval Training School – GRN Portal". www.mod.gov.na.
  18. ^ "- The Namibian".
  19. ^ "Archived copy". www.npc.gov.na. Archived from the original on 5 April 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2022.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "SAS SPIOENKOP visits Walvisbaai". Archived from the original on 22 October 2013.
  21. ^ "Ministry of Defense". Mod.gov.na. Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  22. ^ a b "Government Notice" (PDF). Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia. Vol. 4547. 20 August 2010. pp. 99–102. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  23. ^ http://www.sis.unam.na/theses/alueendo2009.pdf[dead link]

Further reading