Narhar Vishnu Gadgil

Summary

Narhar Vishnu Gadgil (10 January 1896 – 12 January 1966) was an Indian freedom fighter and politician from Maharashtra, India. He was also a writer. He wrote in both Marathi and English.[1] His son Vitthalrao Gadgil represented Congress later as minister and ideologue. His grandson Anant Gadgil also went on to become a politician.[2]

Narhar Vishnu Gadgil
Narhar Vishnu Gadgil 1985 stamp of India.jpg
Narhar Vishnu Gadgil on a 1985 stamp of India
3rd Governor of Punjab
In office
15 September 1958 – 1 October 1962
Chief MinisterPartap Singh Kairon
Preceded byChandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh
Succeeded byPattom Thanu Pillai
1st Minister of Power
In office
15 August 1947 – 12 December 1950
Prime MinisterJawaharlal Nehru
Preceded byOffice Established
Succeeded byGulzarilal Nanda
Personal details
Born10 January 1896
Malhargarh, British India (Now in Madhya Pradesh, India)
Died12 January 1966(1966-01-12) (aged 70)
Political partyIndian National Congress
EducationFergusson College
N.V. Gadgil at Bharatpur Railway Station for the inauguration of the Matsya States Union (March 1948)

Gadgil graduated from Fergusson College in Pune in 1918, and obtained a degree in Law in 1920.[3]

Activities before India's independenceEdit

Gadgil was born a member of the Gadgil gharana of Velneshwar-Wai.[4]

In India's pre-independence days, freedom fighters Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Vallabhbhai Patel influenced Gadgil. Spiritual leaders Swami Ramkrishna Paramhans and Swami Vivekanand also made a deep impression on him. He joined the Indian National Congress in 1920, immediately after obtaining his law degree and started his active participation in the national freedom movement.[5] He suffered imprisonment from the ruling British government eight times for the participation.

In India's pre-independence days, Gadgil served as the secretary of Poona District Congress Committee (1921–25), the president of Maharashtra Pradesh Congress Committee (1937–45), and the whip and secretary of the Congress Legislative Party (1945–47). He was elected to the central Legislative Assembly in 1934.

Gadgil was a pioneer in social reform movements in Maharashtra in the 1930s.[6][7]

During the Civil Disobedience Movement, which began in 1930, Gadgil was listed as a leader for the Maharashtra Civil Disobedience Committee and the Pune War Council.[5]

Service after India's independenceEdit

Between 1947 and 1952 Gadgil served as a minister in the first central cabinet of independent India. He held the portfolios of Public Works, and Mines and Power. In his first year in the central Cabinet, he initiated the project of building a military-caliber road from Pathankot to Srinagar via Jammu in Kashmir as a part of India's activities in the 1947 Indo-Pakistan War. As a cabinet minister, he also initiated the important development projects pertaining to Bhakra, Koyna, and Hirakund dams. He was a member of the Congress Working Committee from 1952 to 1955.

Gadgil served as the governor of Punjab from 1958 to 1962 and as the vice-chancellor of Poona University 1964 onwards until his death less than two years later.[7]

He was associated with several public associations and institutions, including Sarvajanik Sabha, Pune; Young Men's Association, Pune; Maharashtra Youth League, Bombay; Pune Central Cooperative Bank; and Pune Municipality.

His son Vitthalrao Gadgil was a veteran congressman and MP from Pune Lok Sabha constituency,[8] and his grandson Anant Gadgil is currently spokesman for Maharashtra Pradesh Congress Committee.

HonourEdit

The Indian Post & Telegraph Department issued a commemorative postage stamp in Gadgil's honour in 1985.[1]

AuthorshipEdit

Gadgil wrote several books and articles on politics, economics, law, and history. He was elected president of Marathi Sahitya Sammelan in 1962 held at Satara.

The following are some of Gadgil's books:

  • Pathik (autobiography)
  • Rajya Shastra Wichar
  • Shubha Shastra
  • Waktrutwa Shastra
  • Gyanbache Arthashastra
  • Government from Inside
  • Shikhancha Itihaas (history of Sikhs)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Narhar Vishnu Gadgil". Indian Postage Stamp Site. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  2. ^ Marpakwar, Prafulla (18 June 2014). "Congress plays Brahmin card: Congress plays Brahmin card in Maharashtra, makes governor nominate Anant Gadgil to Vidhan Parishad | Mumbai News". The Times of India. TNN.
  3. ^ Who's who on Indian stamps. Sushma Suresh, Mohan B. Daryanani. Pune: Mohan B. Daryanani. 1999. ISBN 84-931101-0-8. OCLC 44128237.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ Joshi, P. K. (1989). Gadgil Kulavruttanta [The Gadgil Family Genealogy Almanac] (in Marathi). Pune. pp. 213–216.
  5. ^ a b "PART II BOMBAY PRESIDENCY POLICE ABSTRACTS OF INTELLIGENCE" (PDF). Maharashtra Department of Tourism and Culture. Retrieved 3 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Encyclopaedia of Dalits in India. Sanjay Paswan, Pramanshi Jaideva. Delhi: Kalpaz Publications. 2002–2003. ISBN 81-7835-066-1. OCLC 49327103.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  7. ^ a b "Constitution of India". constitutionofindia.net. Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  8. ^ Who's Who 1996 (PDF). New Delhi, India: Secretary-General, Rajya Sabha. 1997. p. 126.