Naryshkin family

Summary

The House of Naryshkin (Russian: Нарышкины) is a noble Moscow boyar family of Crimean Tatar descent,[1][2] going back to a certain Mordko Kurbat Naryshko, a Crimean Tatar, who moved to Moscow in the 15th century.[3] It became allied to the ruling house in 1671 when the great beauty Natalya Naryshkina (daughter of Kirill Poluektovich Naryshkin) married Alexis of Russia, later becoming the mother of Peter the Great. The Naryshkin family was persecuted under the regency of Tsarevna Sophia Alekseyevna of Russia, but were then highly favoured by Peter and his descendants and played a major part in Russian life.

Arms of the Naryshkin family

Streltsy revolt against Naryshkin familyEdit

During the Streltsy uprising, soldiers of the Streltsy staged a revolt against the Naryshkin family (the relatives of Peter’s mother, who had assumed actual power). Their uprising was crushed and their unit were forcibly disbanded by the Tsar, with hundreds of them executed or deported.

Other notable membersEdit

  • Kirill Alexeyevich Naryshkin (1670–1723), Commandant of Pskov and of Dorpat 1704 - 1710, commandant of Saint Petersburg 1710 - 1716, governor of Moscow 1716-1719
  • Alexis Vasilievich Naryshkin (1742–1800), chamberlain from 1773, diplomat, scholar, friend of Denis Diderot (offering lodging in his house during Diderot's stay in Saint Petersburg, at Place Saint-Isaac, n° 8)
  • Alexander Lvovich Naryshkin (1760–1826), friend of Paul I of Russia, who called him his 'uncle'; he served simultaneously as grand chamberlain, chancellor and grand marshal of the nobility; he also served for a long time as head of the theatres and attracted the top artists from Europe (particularly from France) to Russia.
  • Maria Naryshkina (1779–1854), née Princess Maria Svyatopolk-Chetvertinskaya, mistress of Alexander I of Russia
  • Lev Kirillovich Naryshkin, Russian ambassador
  • Lev Alexandrovich Naryshkin (1785–1846), Russian lieutenant-general, fought in the Napoleonic Wars
  • Kirill Alexandrovich Naryshkin, member of the State Council (1834)
  • Alexander Alexeyevich Naryshkin (1839–1916), member of the State Council (1906)

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Robert K. Massie, Peter the Great: His Life and World, Random House Publishing Group (2012), p. 19
  2. ^ W. E. D. Allen, The Ukraine, Cambridge University Press (2014), p. 121
  3. ^ Sergei O. Prokofieff, The Spiritual Origins of Eastern Europe and the Future Mysteries of the Holy Grail, Temple Lodge Publishing (1993), p. 460