National Museum of History and Art


Coordinates: 49°36′43″N 06°07′59″E / 49.61194°N 6.13306°E / 49.61194; 6.13306

The National Museum of History and Art (Luxembourgish: Nationalmusée fir Geschicht a Konscht, French: Musée national d'histoire et d'art, German: Nationalmuseum für Geschichte und Kunst), abbreviated to MNHA, is a museum located in Luxembourg City, in southern Luxembourg. It is dedicated to displaying artworks and artefacts from all epochs of Luxembourg history. The museum is situated in Fishmarket, the historic heart of the city, in the Ville Haute quarter.

National Museum of History and Art
Nationalmusée fir Geschicht a Konscht
Luxembourg city 2007 05.JPG
National Museum of History and Art is located in Luxembourg
National Museum of History and Art
Location within Luxembourg
LocationFishmarket, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
TypeArt museum


A Roman carving from Dalheim in the museum
The Dam, 1913, by Dominique Lang, is held in the museums collection

The first proposal for such a museum was made during the French occupation of the Revolutionary Wars, when Luxembourg was annexed into the département of Forêts. However, the museum was never opened, despite the expropriation of a number of artefacts from the church.[1]

With the affirmation of Luxembourg's independence under the 1839 Treaty of London came a greater interest by native Luxembourgers in promoting the history of their country. In 1845, historians and archaeologists formed the 'Society for the Study and Preservation of Historic Monuments in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg' (French: Société pour la recherche et la conservation des monuments historiques dans le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg), regularly known as the 'Archaeological Society' (French: Société archéologique).[1] The society took over the responsibility of maintaining a collection of historic antiquities from Luxembourg City's Athenaeum.

In 1868, the Society received a boost from the establishment of the Royal-Grand Ducal Institute (French: Institut royal grand-ducal),[2] amongst the responsibilities of which was the conservation of archaeological collections.[1]

In 1939, with World War II beginning, the museum moved its collections to secure them. When the German army invaded Luxembourg on 10 May 1940, the museum was used as a temporary shelter by the Red Cross and Wehrmacht for several months. At the end of 1940, the museum was placed under Nazi control. The Nazis planned to add to the museum's collection to promote their idea of German culture. During the Nazi occupation, from 1940 to 1945, the museum acquired 3,500 items-mostly folk objects.[3] In 1946, the museum reopened as the Luxembourg State Museums; its collections were moved back.[4]

In 1988, the museum was separated into the National Museum of History and Art and the National Museum of Natural History, which moved to a new building in 1996.[4]

The museum has been expanded with a new building designed by Christian Bauer et Associés, opened in 2002.[5]


  1. ^ a b c "Historique" (in French). Musée national d'histoire et d'art. Archived from the original on 2007-02-19. Retrieved 2007-01-02.
  2. ^ To become just the 'Grand Ducal Institute' (French: Institut Grand-Ducal) in 1890, when the personal union of Luxembourg and the Netherlands ended.
  3. ^ "The Museum during the Second World War". MNHA. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  4. ^ a b "Historical overview". MNHA. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  5. ^ National Museum of History and Art: Restructuration Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 25 March 2010 (in French)

External linksEdit

  Media related to National Museum of History and Art at Wikimedia Commons

  • National Museum of History and Art official website (in French)
  • Collections page of the National Museum of History and Art
  • Christian Bauer et Associés - architect's website