National Radio and Television Administration

Summary

The National Radio and Television Administration (NRTA) is a ministry-level executive agency controlled by the Publicity Department of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).[citation needed] Its main task is the administration and supervision of state-owned enterprises engaged in the television and radio industries.

National Radio and Television Administration
Simplified Chinese国家广播电视总局
Traditional Chinese國家廣播電視總局
State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television (2013–2018)
Simplified Chinese国家新闻出版广电总局
Traditional Chinese國家新聞出版廣電總局
State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television (1998–2013)
Simplified Chinese国家广播电影电视总局
Traditional Chinese國家廣播電影電視總局

It directly controls state-owned enterprises at the national level such as China Central Television, China National Radio, and China Radio International, as well as other movie and television studios and other non-business organizations.[citation needed]

The administration was formerly known as the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television from 2013 to 2018, and the State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television from 1998 to 2013.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

In 1986 the Ministry of Culture Film Bureau and the Ministry of Radio and Television merged to form the Ministry of Radio, Film and Television. On 25 June 1998 the Ministry of Radio, Film and Television reorganized as the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television. In March 2013 the State Council announced plans to merge State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television with the General Administration of Press and Publication to form the State Administration of Press and Publication, Radio, Film, and Television.[citation needed]

In March 2018, the SAPPRFT was abolished and functions of the movie, press and publication industry regulation is subordinated to the Publicity Department of the Chinese Communist Party instead of the State Council.[1]

Technical detailsEdit

In its role of providing the physical infrastructure for broadcasting the NRTA plays a similar role in China as TDF Group plays in France, or Crown Castle plays in the US or Australia. It owns and operates, as well as manages many thousands of MW, FM, TV and Shortwave relay transmitters in China (as well as those leased abroad for external broadcasting).

ALLISS deploymentEdit

 
ALLISS antenna seen from underneath

Recently,[when?] the SARFT has decided to switch over to using ALLISS technology for international broadcasting in SE and NE Asia.

SARFT's ALLISS deployment

  • 2003: China
    • Low Band Modes (HR) : 4/4, 2/4, 4/2, 2/2
    • High Band Modes (HR) : 4/4, 2/4, 4/2, 2/2
    • Band coverage: 5.9 MHz to 26.1 MHz
    • Note that the SARFT did not acquire the highest directivity models of HR 6/4/1 type.
  • 2009: Cuba—The SARFT is said to have received a contract from the Chinese Foreign Affairs Department to replicate an ALLISS module in Cuba at an undisclosed location. This is according to Glen Hauser's World of Radio transmission of 25 June 2009.[citation needed]

The ALLISS' system is a fully rotatable antenna system for high power shortwave radio broadcasting in the 6 MHz to 26 MHz range. An ALLISS module is a self-contained shortwave relay station that is used for international broadcasting. ALLISS]is a special design case of HRS type antennas. True ALLISS systems have solid radiators (horizontal radiating elements) versus tensioned flexible (open) radiators found with all other variations of ITU HRS type antennas systems.

CMMB deploymentEdit

China Multimedia Mobile Broadcasting (CMMB) is a mobile television and multimedia standard developed and specified in China by the State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT).[2] It is based on the Satellite and Terrestrial Interactive Multiservice Infrastructure (STiMi), developed by TiMiTech, a company formed by the Chinese Academy of Broadcasting Science.[3][4] Announced in October 2006,[2] it has been described as being similar to Europe's DVB-SH standard for digital video broadcast from both satellites and terrestrial 'gap fillers' to handheld devices.[4]

It specifies usage of the 2.6 GHz frequency band and occupies 25 MHz bandwidth within which it provides 25 video and 30 radio channels with some additional data channels.[4] Multiple companies have chips that support CMMB standard - Innofidei who was the first with a solution March 28, 2007, Siano Mobile Silicon(with the SMS118x chip family, which support diversity and have superb performance) and more .[5][6]

Role in regulating film, television, and internet contentEdit

The NRTA issues mandatory guidelines for media content. In 2011 and 2012 (when still SARFT) it limited the number of reality television programs and of historical dramas expressing particular disapproval of programs with a plot twist that involved time travel back to a Chinese historical era.[7] This decree resulted in cancellation of a number of planned films with historical drama plots.

It issued a directive on 30 March 2009 to highlight 31 categories of content prohibited online, including violence, pornography, content which may "incite ethnic discrimination or undermine social stability". Some industry observers believe that the move was designed to stop the spread of parodies or other comments on politically sensitive issues in the runup to the anniversary of the 4 June Tiananmen Square protests.[8]

It issued a directive named "SAPPRFT's Opinions On Strengthening The Programme Management of Satellite Television Channels" in 2011, aiming at over-turning the over-emphasis on purely entertainment programmes in the satellite television channels in China.

Outstanding Domestic Animated Television ProductionsEdit

For every quarter, the SAPPRFT announces the Outstanding Domestic Animated Television Productions (Chinese: 优秀国产电视动画片), which is given to the works that "persist with correct value guidance" (坚持正确价值导向) and "possess relatively high artistic quality and production standards" (具有较高艺术水准和制作水平). The initial nominees are selected by the province-level administrative departments of broadcast and television, and the China Central Television. Then, the SAPPRFT invites the relevant broadcasting organisations, experts and audience representatives to review the nominees and make the finalist. Once the list is finalised, the television broadcasters in Mainland China, especially nationwide generalist channels and animation and children's channels on satellite [zh], and children's channels on terrestrial television, are recommended to give priority when broadcasting such series.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Buckley, Chris (2018-03-21). "China Gives Communist Party More Control Over Policy and Media". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-11-12.
  2. ^ a b "China releases mobile TV industrial standard" (Press release). Interfax China. 2006-10-25. Retrieved 2007-04-14.
  3. ^ "TiMi Technologies Co. Ltd". Academy of Broadcasting Science. 2008-01-31. Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2008-06-08.
  4. ^ a b c Mike Clendenin (2006-12-18). "China's mobile-TV spec similar to Europe's". EETimes. Retrieved 2007-04-14.
  5. ^ "China releases first mobile TV chip based on CMMB standard - SARFT official" (Press release). Interfax China. 2007-03-28. Retrieved 2007-04-14.
  6. ^ Cai Yan (2007-03-29). "Chip supports China's CMMB mobile TV". EETimes. Retrieved 2007-04-14.
  7. ^ Edward Wong (January 6, 2012). "China: TV Limits May Hit the Web". The New York Times. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
  8. ^ Vivian Wu (3 April 2009). "Censors strike at internet content after parody hit". South China Morning Post.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" 国家新闻出版广电总局关于推荐2016年第三季度优秀国产电视动画片的通知 (in Chinese). State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television. Archived from the original on 2017-04-04. Retrieved 2017-02-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit

  • Official website