Native element mineral

Summary

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Diamond (native carbon)

Native element minerals are those elements that occur in nature in uncombined form with a distinct mineral structure. The elemental class includes metals and intermetallic elements (naturally occurring alloys), metalloids, and nonmetals. The Nickel–Strunz classification system also includes the naturally occurring phosphides, silicides, nitrides, carbides, and arsenides.

Elements

The following elements occur as native element minerals or alloys:[1]

Nickel–Strunz Classification -01- Native elements

This list uses the Classification of Nickel–Strunz (mindat.org, 10 ed, pending publication).

Abbreviations
  • "*" – discredited (IMA/CNMNC status).
  • "?" – questionable/doubtful (IMA/CNMNC status).
  • "REE" – Rare-earth element (Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu)
  • "PGE" – Platinum-group element (Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt)
  • 03.C Aluminofluorides, 06 Borates, 08 Vanadates (04.H V[5,6] Vanadates), 09 Silicates:
    • Neso: insular (from Greek νησος nēsos, island)
    • Soro: grouping (from Greek σωροῦ sōros, heap, mound (especially of corn))
    • Cyclo: ring
    • Ino: chain (from Greek ις [genitive: ινος inos], fibre)
    • Phyllo: sheet (from Greek φύλλον phyllon, leaf)
    • Tecto: three-dimensional framework
Nickel–Strunz code scheme
NN.XY.##x:
  • NN: Nickel–Strunz mineral class number
  • X: Nickel–Strunz mineral division letter
  • Y: Nickel–Strunz mineral family letter
  • ##x: Nickel–Strunz mineral/group number, x add-on letter

Class: native elements

See also

References

  1. ^ "IMA-CNMNC List of Minerals" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-04-23. Retrieved 2016-05-24.
  • Stuart J. Mills; Frédéric Hatert; Ernest H. Nickel & Giovanni Ferraris (2009). "The standardisation of mineral group hierarchies: application to recent nomenclature proposals" (PDF). Eur. J. Mineral. 21 (5): 1073–1080. doi:10.1127/0935-1221/2009/0021-1994.
  • Nickel, Ernest H.; Nichols, Monte C. (March 2009). "IMA-CNMNC List of Mineral Names" (PDF). IMA-CNMNC.
  • Ferraiolo, Jim. "Nickel–Strunz (Version 10) Classification System". webmineral.com.
  • Mineralsystematik nach Strunz 9. Auflage von 2001 (aktuell)
  • Hr. Dr. Udo Neumann der Uni-Tuebingen (Systematik der Minerale)