Navagraha are nine heavenly bodies and deities that influence human life on Earth according to Hinduism and Hindu astrology.[1] The term is derived from nava (Sanskrit: नव "nine") and graha (Sanskrit: ग्रह "planet, seizing, laying hold of, holding"). Note that the Earth, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto are not included in the Navagraha.[2] However, Sun is part of the Navagraha. The seven days of the week in the Hindu calendar also correspond with the Navagraha, and are named accordingly in various languages of the Indian subcontinent. Most temples in India have a designated place dedicated for Navagraha worship.

Navagraha, a Raja Ravi Varma painting (sun at the center)

Planets, celestial bodies and lunar nodesEdit

No. Image Name consort Western equivalent Day
1.   Surya Sanjna
Sun Sunday
2.   Chandra Rohini (chief consort), and other 26 Nakshatra goddesses Moon Monday
3.   Mangala Jwalini Mars Tuesday
4.   Budha Ila[3][page needed] Mercury Wednesday
5.   Bṛhaspati Tara Jupiter Thursday
6.   Shukra Jayanti, Urjjasvati and Sataparva[4] Venus Friday
7.   Shani Manda and Neelima Saturn Saturday
8.   Rahu Nagakanni and Nagavalli. Ascending node of the Moon
9.   Ketu Chitralekha Descending node of the Moon

Carnatic MusicEdit

Muthuswami Dikshitar, a Carnatic music composer from southern India composed the Navagraha Kritis in praise of the nine grahas.[5] Each song is a prayer to one of the nine planets. The sahitya (lyrics) of the songs reflect a profound knowledge of the mantra and jyotisha sastras.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
  2. ^ Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier-Williams, 1899
  3. ^ Dalal, Roshen (2010). Hinduism: An alphabetical guide. Penguin Books India. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
  4. ^ Puranic Encyclopedia: a comprehensive dictionary with special reference to the epic and Puranic literature, Vettam Mani, Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, 1975, p. 760.
  5. ^ "Dikshitar: Navagraha". Retrieved 2020-06-12.