Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia

Summary

Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia
Diego Garcia in British Indian Ocean Territory
US Air Force B-1B Lancers at NSF Diego Garcia operating as part of Operation Enduring Freedom during October 2001.
A US Air Force B-1B Lancer taking off from Diego Garcia as part of Operation Enduring Freedom during October 2001. Five other B-1Bs are visible parked in the foreground.
Navy-support-facility-diego-garcia-badge.jpg
NSF Diego Garcia is located in Indian Ocean
NSF Diego Garcia
NSF Diego Garcia
Location in the Indian Ocean
Coordinates7°18′48″S 72°24′40″E / 7.31333°S 72.41111°E / -7.31333; 72.41111
TypeNaval Support Facility
Site information
OwnerUK Ministry of Defence
OperatorUnited States Navy
Royal Navy
Controlled byCommander, Navy Installations Command
ConditionOperational
WebsiteNaval Support Facility Diego Garcia
Site history
Built1971 (1971) – 1976
In use1976 – present
Garrison information
Current
commander
Captain R. Wade Blizzard
Airfield information
IdentifiersICAO: FJDG, WMO: 619670
Elevation4.1 metres (13 ft) AMSL
Runways
Direction Length and surface
13/31 3,659 metres (12,005 ft) Concrete

Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia is a British Ministry of Defence facility leased to the United States Navy, located on the atoll Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean.

Mission

Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia provides Base Operating Services to tenant commands located on the island. The command's mission is "To provide logistic support to operational forces forward deployed to the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf AORs in support of national policy objectives."[1]

As of January 2012, the facility supported the following tenant commands:

History

In 1971, the local population of Diego Garcia was forcibly removed from the island to make way for the base.[2]

The Navy tasked the Seabees of Naval Mobile Construction Battalions 1, 40, 62, 71, 133 and Amphibious Construction Battalion 2 with the construction of the base.[3] On 23 January 1971 the first men of NMCB 40 arrived on site to begin what became an extended project.[3] Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia, was established as the senior United States Navy command on the island on 1 October 1977. At the time the NAVCOMMSTA was the primary tenant, but as new major facilities were completed, most notably the expanded anchorage and mooring area and the extended airfield, other tenants were commissioned.[4] In 1980, the United States Navy established the Near-Term Prepositioned Force of 16 ships. Then NTPF became the Afloat Prepositioning Force (AFP) and eventually Maritime Prepositioning Ship Squadron Two (MPSRON 2) consisting of 20 deep-water pre-positioned logistics ships anchored in the lagoon.[5]

In 1981, the naval air facility was commissioned. It was decommissioned in 1987 and its responsibilities returned to the Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia.[4]

In 1982, construction activities were transferred from the Seabees to a consortium of civilian contractors, Raymond International, and Brown and Root and Molem, a joint venture. Raymond had deep-draft wharf and waterfront skills, Brown and Root had concrete and infrastructure skills, and Molem was an English firm known for taking on challenging projects. The majority of the projects were completed by 1988.[6]

On 26 March 1982, Barbara Shuping and five other women were assigned to the Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia. Prior to this assignment, no women had lived on the island since those on the plantation in 1971.[7]

In 1985; the new port facilities were completed and the USS Saratoga (CV-60) was the first aircraft carrier to tie up.[8]

The Strategic Air Command began deploying Boeing B-52 Stratofortress bombers and aerial refueling aircraft to the newly completed airfield facilities in 1987.[9]

Following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in August 1990, three ships of COMPSRON 2 sortied, delivering a Marine Expeditionary Brigade to Saudi Arabia for participation in the Gulf War. Other COMPSRON 2 ships offloaded the ammunition and fuel on Diego Garcia that were required for the American bomber fleet that deployed to the airfield. Subsequently, B-52G bombers flew more than 200 17-hour bombing missions over 44 days and dropped more than 800,000 short tons (730,000,000 kg) of bombs on Iraqi forces in Iraq and Kuwait. One of the B-52s crashed from mechanical failures just north of the island with the loss of three of its six-man crew.[9]

Beginning on 7 October 2001, the United States again commenced military operations from Diego Garcia using B-1, B-2, and B-52 bombers to attack enemy targets in Afghanistan following the attacks on New York City and the Pentagon. On 12 December 2001, a B-1 bomber was lost to mechanical failures just after takeoff from the island, but the crew survived and was rescued by the USS Russell (DDG-59).[10] Four B-2 Shelter System Extra Large Deployable Aircraft Hangar Systems were erected at Diego Garcia to support the bombers' operations.[11][12] Combat operations resumed in the spring of 2003, with MPSRON 2 sortieing to the Persian Gulf for the Iraq War, and bombing operations began again, this time against Iraq.[13] Bomber operations ceased from Diego Garcia on 15 August 2006.[14]

Based units

Flying and notable non-flying units based at Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia.[15][16][17]

Units marked GSU are Geographically Separate Units, which although based at Diego Garcia, are subordinate to a parent unit based at another location.

Military contracting

KBR runs base operations support services at Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia.[18][19] Serco Inc., of Herndon, Virginia, operates and maintains the Ground-based Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveillance (GEODSS), which tracks deep-space satellites.[20][21]

Recent construction in support of US military activities on Diego Garcia has included:

  • Black Construction/Mace International JV building a 34-metre antenna facility (expected completed by April 2021) and two new 13-metre radomes (expected completed by February 2021).[22]
  • Black Construction/Mace International JV repairing deep-draft wharf infrastructure (expected completed by September 2023).[23]
  • San Juan-Black & Veatch International Ltd. JV, of Montrose, Colorado, repairing the north parking apron (expected completed by May 2022).[24]
  • SJC-BVIL moving underground the power and telephone lines that run from the Navy ammunition area to the Air Force ammunition area along DG1 (expected completed by September 2022).[25]

Supplementary work at the facility includes Poole Fire Protection of Olathe, Kansas, testing and inspecting fire protection systems (June 2020 – June 2025);[26] Jacobs/B&M JV architect-engineer services, specifically design, engineering, specification writing, cost estimating (July 2020 – July 2025);[27] and InSynergy Engineering Inc. utility system studies (September 2020 – September 2025).[28]

References

  1. ^ About Navy Support Facility Diego Garcia retrieved 11 November 2011.
  2. ^ "Chagos Islanders v Attorney General Her Majesty's British Indian Ocean Territory Commissioner [2003] EWHC 2222 (QB) (09 October 2003)". bailii.org. Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  3. ^ a b Diego Garcia "Camp Justice" 7º20'S 72º25'E, GlobalSecurity.org web site [1]
  4. ^ a b Natural Resources Management Plan (2005), paragraph 2.4.2.
  5. ^ "COMPSRON TWO Home Page". Msc.navy.mil. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  6. ^ Edis (2004), p. 90.
  7. ^ Edis (2004), p. 91.
  8. ^ Edis (2004), p. 93.
  9. ^ a b Edis (2004), p. 94.
  10. ^ Edis (2004), p. 96.
  11. ^ "B-2 Shelter System [B2SS] Extra Large Deployable Aircraft Hangar Systems (Formerly: B-2 Shelter Program)". GlobalSecurity.org. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2018. As of early January 2005, four completed shelters were visible on one of the parking ramps of Diego Garcia.
  12. ^ Specht, Wayne (January 16, 2003). "Portable B-2 bomber shelters are built ... in parts (officially) unknown". Stars and Stripes.
  13. ^ Edis (2004), p. 97.
  14. ^ "Important Dates of the Provisional People's Democratic Republic of Diego Garcia". August 29, 2011. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  15. ^ "Tenant Commands". Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia. US Navy. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  16. ^ "20th Space Control Squadron". Peterson Air Force Base. US Air Force. 6 August 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  17. ^ "21st Space Operations Squadron". Schriever Air Force Base. US Air Force. December 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  18. ^ "Contracts for November 7, 2019". U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  19. ^ "Contracts for November 10, 2020". U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  20. ^ "Contracts for February 12, 2021". U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  21. ^ Escape, The. "Serco Awarded New $57 Million U.S. Space Force Contract to Support Deep Space Surveillance System". Serco. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  22. ^ "Contracts for February 21, 2020". U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  23. ^ "Contracts for January 21, 2021". U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  24. ^ "Contracts for January 21, 2021". U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  25. ^ "Contracts for July 15, 2020". U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  26. ^ "Contracts for June 26, 2020". U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  27. ^ "Contracts for July 6, 2020". U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  28. ^ "Contracts for September 25, 2020". U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  • Edis, Richard (2004). Peak of Limuria: the Story of Diego Garcia and the Chagos Archipelago. Chippenham, UK: Antony Rowe Ltd.
  • Ladwig III; Walter C.; Andrew S. Erickson & Justin D. Mikolay (2014). Diego Garcia and American Security in the Indian Ocean, (PDF). in Carnes Lord and Andrew Erickson Rebalancing US Forces: Basing and Forward Presence in the Asia Pacific. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-03.

Further reading

  • Ladwig III, Walter C., Andrew S. Erickson, and Justin D. Mikolay,"Diego Garcia and American Security in the Indian Ocean," in Carnes Lord and Andrew Erickson Rebalancing US Forces: Basing and Forward Presence in the Asia Pacific Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2014, pp. 131–180.
  • Ladwig III, Walter C., "A Neo-Nixon Doctrine for the Indian Ocean: Helping States Help Themselves" (PDF). Strategic Analysis. May 2012.
  • Urish, Daniel W., Coral, Copra, and Concrete: An Illustrated Memoir of Diego Garcia Atoll (2015).
  • US Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia "Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan," September 2005.

External links

  • Maritime Prepositioning Ship Squadron Two, Diego Garcia (Official Site)
  • Naval Support Facility, Diego Garcia (Official Site)