Neubau

Summary

Neubau (German pronunciation: [ˈnɔɪ̯baʊ̯] (listen); Central Bavarian: Neibau) is the seventh district of Vienna (German: 7. Bezirk). It is located near the center of Vienna and was established as a district in 1850, but borders changed later.[2] Neubau is a heavily populated urban area, with a major shopping area and residential buildings.[2] It has a population of 32,027 people (as of 2016-01-01) within an area of 1.61 km² (0.62 sq.mi.).

Neubau
7th District of Vienna
Coat of arms of Neubau
Location of the district within Vienna
Location of the district within Vienna
CountryAustria
CityVienna
Government
 • District DirectorThomas Blimlinger (Green)
 • First DeputyIsabelle Uhl (Green)
 • Second DeputyGallus Vögel (SPÖ)
 • Representation
   (40 Members)
Greens 18, SPÖ 10,
FPÖ 5, ÖVP 4, NEOS 3
Area
 • Total1.61 km2 (0.62 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
 • Total32,027
 • Density20,000/km2 (52,000/sq mi)
Postal code
1070
Address of
District Office
Hermanngasse 24-26
1070 Wien
Websitewww.wien.gv.at/bezirke/neubau/

It consists of the former Vorstädte of Neubau, Altlerchenfeld, St. Ulrich, Schottenfeld and Spittelberg. The district borders are formed by Lerchenfelder Straße in the north, Mariahilfer Straße in the south, Neubaugürtel in the west, and Museumstraße and Museumsplatz in the east.

HistoryEdit

In the 18th century, Neubau was the location of the city's silk factories. At this time, the area became densely populated. Today, it is an important shopping district, especially in the Mariahilfer Straße and Neubaugasse. Many pubs, popular among the district's large student population, are located in the Spittelberg neighborhood. The Volkstheater Wien, one of Vienna's large mainstream theatres, and the Austrian Ministry of Justice are located in Neubau, as well as the Museumsquartier, a centre dedicated to modern art, housing for example the Leopold Collection.

In the 2001 communal elections, Neubau became the first district in Austria with a Green Party plurality (32.6% of the votes).

In the 2004 European elections the Green Party received 41% of all votes, which is more than Social Democratic Party and Austrian People's Party together.

Like Mariahilf, Neubau is known as one of Vienna's districts with the youngest, most liberal, and urban population.

 
Museumsquartier
 
Spittelberg

PoliticsEdit

District Directors since 1945
Josef Matz (KPÖ) 4/1945 -7/1945
Wilhelm Dürnbacher (ÖVP) 1945–1950
Ferdinand König (ÖVP) 1950–1954
Franz Glamm (ÖVP) 1954–1959
Peter Platzer (ÖVP) 1959–1964
Franz Pospisil (ÖVP) 1964–1965
Otto Limanovsky (ÖVP) 1965–1978
Josef Karrer (ÖVP) 1978–1991
Herbert Tamchina (SPÖ) 1991–1998
Gabriele Zimmermann (SPÖ) 1998–2001
Thomas Blimlinger (Greens) 2001-

After the Second World War, the ÖVP had the largest party vote until 1991, when it was displaced by the SPÖ. In 2001, the SPÖ in turn was displaced, this time by the Greens.

At the 2010 elections, the Greens increased their vote, the Liberal Forum vote remained at 1.1%, and the BZÖ increased their vote from their 2005 level of 0.8% to 1.1%.

District Political Parties 1991-2010 [3]
Jahr SPÖ ÖVP FPÖ Grüne LIF BZÖ Sonstige
1991 32.2 28.5 17.1 20.1 -- -- 2.1
1996 27.2 21.4 19.7 18.8 10.2 -- 2.8
2001 29.4 17.9 14.4 32.6 4.7 -- 1.0
2005 27.5 18.1 7.3 43.3 1.2 0.8 1.9
2010 25.4 13.9 10.7 45.4 1.1 1.1 2.5

This district was the first in 2001 and until the 2004 (European Elections 2004) the only district in Austria where the Greens had a relative majority (plurality).

PeopleEdit

Sankt UlrichEdit

Historic sitesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016), Statistik Austria.
  2. ^ a b Wien.gv.at webpage (see below: References).
  3. ^ Stadt Wien Archived 2007-12-27 at the Wayback Machine

ReferencesEdit

  • "Wien - 7. Bezirk/Neubau", Wien.gv.at, 2008, webpage (15 subpages): Wien.gv.at-neubau (in German).
  • Elfriede Faber: Neubau: Geschichte des 7. Wiener Gemeindebezirks und seiner alten Orte. Ed. Wien, Vienna 1995, ISBN 3-85058-065-2.
  • Manfred Lang: Ein neuer Neubau: Geschichte der Sozialdemokratie am Neubau. Verl. d. SPÖ Wien, Vienna 1989.
  • Carola Leitner (Hg.): Neubau: Wiens 7. Bezirk in alten Fotografien ("Neubau: Vienna's 7th District in Old Photographs"). Ueberreuter, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-8000-7306-1.

External linksEdit

  • Mariahilferstrasse: Vienna's largest shopping street.
  • Museumsquartier: Centre for culture and modern art.
  • Volkstheater Wien: Peoples Theatre, founded in 1887-89 by architects F. Fellner and H. Helmer.
  • results of the last elections (official web site of Vienna)

Coordinates: 48°12′09″N 16°20′53″E / 48.20250°N 16.34806°E / 48.20250; 16.34806