Neve Michael

Summary

Neve Michael (Hebrew: נְוֵה מִיכָאֵל, lit. Michael's Haven)[2] also known as Roglit, is a moshav in central Israel. Located in the Adullam region and built upon an eminence in the far south-east end of the Elah Valley, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 849.[1]

Neve Michael
נווה מיכאל
نفي ميخائيل
Neve Michael as viewed from hill overlooking Elah Valley
Neve Michael as viewed from hill overlooking Elah Valley
Neve Michael is located in Jerusalem
Neve Michael
Neve Michael
Coordinates: 31°40′27″N 35°0′12″E / 31.67417°N 35.00333°E / 31.67417; 35.00333Coordinates: 31°40′27″N 35°0′12″E / 31.67417°N 35.00333°E / 31.67417; 35.00333
CountryIsrael
DistrictJerusalem
CouncilMateh Yehuda
AffiliationHitahdut HaIkarim
Founded1958
Founded byKurdish Jews
Population
 (2019)[1]
849

HistoryEdit

The village was established on 29 July 1958 (12 Av 5718 anno mundi) by Kurdish immigrants from Iran on farm land that had belonged to the depopulated Palestinian village of Bayt Nattif.[3] The place had formerly been known as Khirbet Jurfah,[4] where archaeological finds ranged from the early Hellenistic period to the Umayyad period with evidence of a Jewish settlement in the first century CE.[5] The newly restructured Jewish National Fund (JNF), working in concert with the Hitahdut HaIkarim agricultural organisation, settled new immigrants on the site in 1958, giving to the place the name Roglit (Hebrew: רוֹגְלִית), meaning "tiller [of the grapevine]". The new immigrants were initially employed as laborers for JNF land reclamation. Afterwards, the village economy was based on agriculture (citrus fruit) and poultry, which phased out in the late 1980s. A newer regional community center built alongside it was given the name Neve Michael, in memory of American philanthropist, Michael M. Weiss, who was a donor to the JNF.[6]

The newer section had a regional elementary school which catered to children from the surrounding communities of Roglit, Aderet and Aviezer, but closed its doors in the early 1980s.[citation needed] Today, the grounds of the old school serve as a home for the mentally and physically disabled. When the new settlement of Neve Michael failed to attract new residents, the settlement of Neve Michael was merged with Roglit in 1983.

A new Israel Border Police outpost was also built in Neve Michael, which was later abandoned in 1962. The founders were joined by immigrants from North Africa, mainly Morocco.[7] In 2005 the village started an expansion plan attracting many younger families to the moshav. The moshav has a mixed population with people of different ages, ethnic background and Jewish religious observance.[citation needed]

Within relatively short driving distances from the moshav are the ruins known as Adullam and Hurvat Itri.

 
Green view from Neve Michael

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ English translation follows the Judeo-Arabic translation of the Hebrew "neve" = מאוא (مأوى), in Jeremiah 50:7, published in Yosef Tobi's Poetry, Judeo-Arabic Literature and the Geniza, Tel-Aviv 2006, p. 59 (Hebrew)
  3. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 212. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  4. ^ In the Survey of Western Palestine (Arabic and English Name Lists), London 1881, p. 307, E.H. Palmer describes the site Khŭrbet Jurfa as "the ruin of the perpendicular bank (cut out by the torrent in the débris of a valley)." If its name is of Aramaic origins, according to Payne-Smith's lexicon of the Aramaic/Syriac language, the name "Jurfa" (ܓܘܪܦܐ), being a derivative of Greek: γορϕίον, has the connotation of "a cutting or slip of the olive-tree; a hollow in a tree." See Payne Smith, J. (1903). A compendious Syriac Dictionary: founded upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith (in Syriac and English). Oxford: Clarendon Press. OCLC 251355373., p. 66.
  5. ^ Avner, Rina (2006). "Rogelit". Hadashot Arkheologiyot: Excavations and Surveys in Israel. Israel Antiquities Authority. 118.
  6. ^ Stone Monument in Neve Michael, in memory of Michael M. Weiss; In recognition of Michael M. Weiss
  7. ^ About Neve Michael Homee (in Hebrew)

External linksEdit

  • Rogelit in Antiquity Archaeological Survey of Israel