Nevesinje

Summary

Nevesinje

Невесиње
Nevesinje
Nevesinje
Coat of arms of Nevesinje
Coat of arms
Location of Nevesinje within Republika Srpska
Location of Nevesinje within Republika Srpska
Location of Nevesinje
Coordinates: 43°15′30″N 18°6′48″E / 43.25833°N 18.11333°E / 43.25833; 18.11333Coordinates: 43°15′30″N 18°6′48″E / 43.25833°N 18.11333°E / 43.25833; 18.11333
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
Geographical regionEast Herzegovina
Boroughs56 (as of 1991)
Government
 • Village ElderMilenko Avdalović (SNSD)
 • Municipality923.04 km2 (356.39 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Town
5,162
 • Municipality
12,961
 • Municipality density14/km2 (36/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)59
Websiteopstinanevesinje.rs.ba/cir/

Nevesinje (Serbian Cyrillic: Невесиње) is a town and municipality located in the Republika Srpska entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 5,162 inhabitants, while the municipality has 12,961 inhabitants.

Geography and climate

Geography

The municipality of Nevesinje covers 1,040 km2 (402 sq mi) and is located in southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A large polje called Nevesinjsko polje dominates the municipality, and is encircled by mountains of Crvanj at the north-northeast, Prenj at the northwest, and Velež at the south-southwest. The entire municipality, as well as the entire region of eastern Herzegovina beyond municipal borders, is an elevate at the average 860 metres (2,820 ft) above the sea level.

History

The annals of the Patriarchal Monastery of Peć mentioned Nevesinje in 1219, which is the earliest appearance of Nevesinje in preserved historical sources. The župa (county) of Nevesinje was held by Serbian prince Stefan Konstantin between 1303–06.[1][2]

"Ovči brod" Nevesinje

The region was under the rule of different medieval lords until the end of the 15th century. The most significant ruler of Nevesinje from this period was Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, known as Herceg Stefan. The whole land Hercegovina was named after him. His lands were under the constant threat from advancing Turkish forces in the 15th century. Hercegovina, and thus Nevesinje were gradually incorporated into the Turkish Empire by the first quarter of the 15th century (1422).

Under the Ottoman Empire, Nevesinje was mostly part of Bosnian Pashaluk and was a seat of a qadi. The Great Eastern Crisis was ignited at Nevesinje, with the outbreak of the Herzegovinian rebellion of 1875–78 when Serbs of the region rebelled against Turkish tax collectors. The rebellion soon spread to the rest of Herzegovina and to Bosnia and other parts of the Ottoman Empire.

Neighbouring states, Serbia, Montenegro and Bulgaria got involved in the conflict which in turn pulled in great powers of the time. The conflict ended with Congress of Berlin in 1878 and the province of Bosnia and Herzegovina was placed under the administration of Austria-Hungary. At the same time Romania, Serbia and Montenegro were declared independent principalities.

In 2019, Nevesinje experienced a power outage that was named one of the worst crises in the country of Bosnia.

Settlements

Aside from the village of Nevesinje, there are 55 other settlements that comprise the municipality:

Demographics

Population

Population of settlements – Nevesinje municipality
Settlement 1948. 1953. 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 23,820 20,474 19,333 16,326 14,448 12,961
1 Batkovići 262 346
2 Biograd 507 495
3 Bojišta 546 659
4 Bratač 354 240
5 Krekovi 356 340
6 Miljevac 390 1,001
7 Nevesinje 1,615 2,349 3,055 3,605 4,068 5,162
8 Šehovina 413 598
9 Zalužje 332 222
10 Žiljevo 355 471
11 Zovi Do 422 293

Ethnic composition

Ethnic composition – Nevesinje town
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 5,162 (100,0%) 4,068 (100,0%) 3,605 (100,0%) 3,055 (100,0%)
Serbs 5,125 (99,28%) 3,247 (79,82%) 2,622 (72,73%) 2,268 (74,24%)
Unaffiliated 14 (0,271%)
Bosniaks 6 (0,116%) 634 (15,59%) 593 (16,45%) 642 (21,01%)
Croats 6 (0,116%) 39 (0,959%) 59 (1,637%) 91 (2,979%)
Others 6 (0,116%) 44 (1,082%) 4 (0,111%) 10 (0,327%)
Yugoslavs 2 (0,039%) 104 (2,557%) 304 (8,433%) 25 (0,818%)
Unknown 2 (0,039%)
Slovenes 1 (0,019%) 4 (0,111%) 3 (0,098%)
Montenegrins 13 (0,361%) 12 (0,393%)
Albanians 6 (0,166%) 4 (0,131%)
Ethnic composition – Nevesinje municipality
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 12,961 (100,0%) 14,448 (100,0%) 16,326 (100,0%) 19,333 (100,0%)
Serbs 12,353 (95,31%) 10,711 (74,13%) 11,587 (70,97%) 14,479 (74,89%)
Bosniaks 538 (4,151%) 3,313 (22,93%) 3,853 (23,60%) 4,370 (22,60%)
Croats 28 (0,216%) 210 (1,453%) 276 (1,691%) 384 (1,986%)
Unaffiliated 19 (0,147%)
Others 10 (0,077%) 91 (0,630%) 26 (0,159%) 37 (0,191%)
Unknown 7 (0,054%)
Montenegrins 3 (0,023%) 34 (0,208%) 28 (0,145%)
Yugoslavs 2 (0,015%) 123 (0,851%) 539 (3,301%) 28 (0,145%)
Slovenes 1 (0,008%) 4 (0,025%) 3 (0,016%)
Albanians 6 (0,037%) 4 (0,021%)
Macedonians 1 (0,006%)

Economy

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[3]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 106
Mining and quarrying 5
Manufacturing 159
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 50
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 66
Construction 119
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 280
Transportation and storage 56
Accommodation and food services 120
Information and communication 20
Financial and insurance activities 19
Real estate activities 2
Professional, scientific and technical activities 27
Administrative and support service activities 8
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 169
Education 223
Human health and social work activities 155
Arts, entertainment and recreation 52
Other service activities 42
Total 1,678

Transport

Nevesinje has a bus station and daily buses head from Nevesinje to Podgorica, Montenegro via the towns Gacko, Bileća and Trebinje within Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Nikšić and Danilovgrad within Montenegro. Local buses link the town with Mostar. The town also has direct buses to Dubrovnik and Belgrade.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Ljubo Mihić (1975). Ljubinje sa okolinom. Dragan Srnic. p. 117.
  2. ^ Obrad Mićov Samardžić; Mirjana Samardžić; Saša Samardžić; Aleksandra Samardžić (2006). Svadbe i pogrebni običaji pravoslavnih u Nevesinju. Čigoja štampa. p. 11. први познати господар жупе Невесиње спомиње се Константин Немањић (1303-1306)
  3. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba. Republika Srspka Institute of Statistics. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.

Sources

  • Kapidžić, dr Hamdija: Hercegovački ustanak 1882.godine, Sarajevo, "Veselin Masleša", 1958.

External links

  • Official website Edit this at Wikidata
  • Virtualna Hercegovina website