New York's 12th congressional district
New York US Congressional District 12 (since 2013).tif
New York 's 12th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Carolyn Maloney
DManhattan
Median income$107,010[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+31[2]

New York's 12th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives located in New York City. It is now represented by Democrat Carolyn Maloney.

The district includes several neighborhoods in the East Side of Manhattan, the Greenpoint section of Brooklyn, and western Queens, as well as Roosevelt Island, mostly overlapping the pre-redistricting 14th district.[3] The 12th district's per capita income, in excess of $75,000, is the highest among all congressional districts in the United States.[4] President Donald Trump's primary private residence, Trump Tower, is located in the district.

From 2003–2013 it included parts of Brooklyn, Queens, and Manhattan. It included the Queens neighborhoods of Maspeth, Ridgewood, and Woodside, the Brooklyn neighborhoods of Bushwick, Greenpoint, Red Hook, East New York, Brooklyn Heights, Sunset Park, and Williamsburg and part of Manhattan’s Lower East Side and East Village.

Recent election results from presidential races

Year Office Results
2008 President Obama 80 – 19%
2012 President Obama 76.9 – 21.5%
2016 President Clinton 83.3 -13.5%

Components: past and present

The 12th District was historically a Brooklyn district. In the 1960s, it was realigned to include majority African American neighborhoods such as Bedford-Stuyvesant in Central Brooklyn. Up to 1992 it was the central Brooklyn district now held by Yvette Clarke (and formerly by Major Owens), and then remapped to include Hispanic neighborhoods in lower Manhattan and Queens.

1803–1913:

[Data unknown/missing.]

1913–1945:

Parts of Manhattan

1945–1993:

Parts of Brooklyn

1993–present:

Parts of Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens

Various New York districts have been numbered "12" over the years, including areas in New York City and various parts of upstate New York.

List of members representing the district

1803–1813: One seat

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created 1803
David Thomas (Salem, New York).jpg
David Thomas
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
February 17, 1808[a]
8th
9th
10th
Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Resigned to become New York State Treasurer.
Vacant February 17, 1808 –
November 7, 1808
Nathan Wilson Democratic-
Republican
November 7, 1808 –
March 3, 1809
10th Elected to finish Thomas's term.
Retired.
'Portrait of General Erastus Root' by Rembrandt Peale, High Museum.JPG
Erastus Root
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
11th Elected in 1808.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Arunah Metcalf Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
12th Re-elected in 1810.
[Data unknown/missing.]

1813–1823: two seats

From 1813 to 1823, two seats were apportioned to the District, elected at-large on a general ticket.

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Location
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
13th March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Zebulon R. Shipherd Federalist Elected in 1812.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Elisha I. Winter Federalist Elected in 1812.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1813–1823
Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Washington and Warren counties
14th March 4, 1815 –
December 7, 1815
Vacant Member-elect Benjamin Pond died October 6, 1814. John Savage (Congressman).png
John Savage
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1814.
[Data unknown/missing.]
December 7, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Asa Adgate Democratic-Republican Elected to finish Pond's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
15th March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
John Palmer Democratic-Republican Elected in 1816.
[Data unknown/missing.]
16th March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
Ezra C. Gross Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818.
Lost re-election.
Nathaniel Pitcher Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1821.
[Data unknown/missing.]
17th March 4, 1821 –
December 3, 1821
Vacant Elections were held in April 1821. It is unclear when results were announced or credentials issued.
December 3, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Walworth reuben large.jpg
Reuben H. Walworth
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1821.

1823 – present: One seat

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history Location
Lewis Eaton Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th Elected in 1822.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1823–1833
Schenectady and Schoharie counties
William Dietz Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
19th [Data unknown/missing.]
John I. DeGraff.jpg
John I. De Graff
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
20th [Data unknown/missing.]
Peter I. Borst Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
21st [Data unknown/missing.]
Joseph Bouck Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Henry C. Martindale Anti-Masonic March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
23rd [Data unknown/missing.]
David Abel Russell Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th
25th
26th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Bernard Blair.jpg
Bernard Blair
Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th [Data unknown/missing.]
David L. Seymour.jpg
David L. Seymour
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th [Data unknown/missing.]
Richard P. Herrick Whig March 4, 1845 –
June 20, 1846
29th [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant June 20, 1846 –
December 7, 1846
Thomas C. Ripley Whig December 7, 1846 –
March 3, 1847
29th [Data unknown/missing.]
Gideon Reynolds.jpg
Gideon Reynolds
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
30th
31st
[Data unknown/missing.]
David L. Seymour.jpg
David L. Seymour
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Gilbert Dean.jpg
Gilbert Dean
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
July 3, 1854
33rd Redistricted from 8th district
Resigned to become justice to Supreme Court of New York.
Vacant July 3, 1854 –
November 7, 1854
Isaac Teller Whig November 7, 1854 –
March 3, 1855
33rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Killian Miller Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th [Data unknown/missing.]
John Thompson, Representative from New York.jpg
John Thompson
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th [Data unknown/missing.]
Charles Lewis Beale.jpg
Charles Lewis Beale
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th [Data unknown/missing.]
Stephen Baker.jpg
Stephen Baker
Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th [Data unknown/missing.]
Homer A Nelson.jpg
Homer A. Nelson
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th [Data unknown/missing.]
John Henry Ketcham.jpg
John H. Ketcham
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1873
39th
40th
41st
42nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles St. John.jpg
Charles St. John
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Redistricted from 11th district.
N. Holmes Odell.jpg
N. Holmes Odell
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th [Data unknown/missing.]
Clarkson Nott Potter - Brady-Handy.jpg
Clarkson Nott Potter
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th [Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant March 3, 1879 –
March 3, 1879
Representative-elect Alexander Smith died November 5, 1878.
Waldo Hutchins (New York Congressman).jpg
Waldo Hutchins
Democratic November 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1885
46th
47th
48th
Elected to finish Smith's term.
Retired.
Abraham Dowdney.jpg
Abraham Dowdney
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
December 10, 1886
49th [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant December 10, 1886 –
March 3, 1887
William Bourke Cockran (ca. 1903).jpg
William Bourke Cockran
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
50th [Data unknown/missing.]
RPFlowers-portrait.jpg
Roswell P. Flower
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
September 16, 1891
51st
52nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become Governor of New York.
Vacant September 16, 1891 –
November 3, 1891
Joseph James Little.jpg
Joseph J. Little
Democratic November 3, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd [Data unknown/missing.]
William Bourke Cockran (ca. 1903).jpg
William Bourke Cockran
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd Redistricted from 10th district.
McClellan.gif
George B. McClellan Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1895 –
December 21, 1903
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become Mayor of New York City.
Vacant December 21, 1903 –
February 23, 1904
William Bourke Cockran (ca. 1903).jpg
William Bourke Cockran
Democratic February 23, 1904 –
March 3, 1909
58th
59th
60th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Michael F. Conry.jpg
Michael F. Conry
Democratic March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1913
61st
62nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 15th district.
Henry M Goldfogle.jpg
Henry M. Goldfogle
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd Redistricted from 9th district.
Meyer London.jpg
Meyer London
Socialist March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
64th
65th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Henry M Goldfogle.jpg
Henry M. Goldfogle
Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
66th [Data unknown/missing.]
Meyer London.jpg
Meyer London
Socialist March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th [Data unknown/missing.]
Samuel Dicksten.jpg
Samuel Dickstein
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
January 3, 1945
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 19th district.
John James Rooney.jpg
John J. Rooney
Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1953
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Redistricted from 4th district
Redistricted to 14th district.
Francis E. Dorn.jpg
Francis E. Dorn
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1961
83rd
84th
85th
86th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Hugh Carey - 1977 NFTA Report.jpg
Hugh Carey
Democratic January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1963
87th [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 15th district.
Edna Flannery Kelly.jpg
Edna F. Kelly
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1969
88th
89th
90th
Redistricted from 10th district.
Shirley Chisholm.jpg
Shirley Chisholm
Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1983
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
Announced retirement in 1982.
Major owens portrait -- Cropped --.png
Major Owens
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 11th district.
Nydia Velázquez.jpg
Nydia Velazquez
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to 7th district.
Carolynmaloney.jpg
Carolyn Maloney
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
113th
114th
115th
116th
Redistricted from 14th district.

Recent elections

In New York, are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

US House election, 1996: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 61,913 84.6
Republican Miguel I. Prado 9,978 13.6
Socialist Workers Eleanor Garcia 1,283 1.8
Majority 51,935 71.0
Turnout 73,174 100
US House election, 1998: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 53,269 83.6 -1.0
Republican Rosemary Markgraf 7,405 11.6 -2.0
Conservative Angel Diaz 1,632 2.6 +2.6
Liberal Hector Cortes, Jr. 1,400 2.2 +2.2
Majority 45,864 72.0 +1.0
Turnout 63,706 100 -12.9
US House election, 2000: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 86,288 87.1 +3.5
Republican Rosemary Markgraf 10,052 10.1 -1.5
Socialist Paul Pederson 1,025 1.0 +1.0
Right to Life Mildred Rosario 865 0.9 +0.9
Conservative Cesar Estevez 850 0.9 -1.7
Majority 76,236 76.9 +4.9
Turnout 99,080 100 +55.5
US House election, 2002: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 48,408 95.8 +8.7
Conservative Cesar Estevez 2,119 4.2 +3.3
Majority 46,289 91.6 +14.7
Turnout 50,527 100 -49.0
US House election, 2004: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 107,796 86.3 -9.5
Republican Paul A. Rodriguez 17,166 13.7 +13.7
Majority 90,630 72.5 -19.1
Turnout 124,962 100 +147.3
US House election, 2006: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 62,847 89.7 +3.4
Republican Allan E. Romaguera 7,182 10.3 -3.4
Majority 55,665 79.5 +7.0
Turnout 70,029 100 -44.0
US House election, 2008: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 123,053 90.0 +0.3
Republican Allan E. Romaguera 13,748 10.0 -0.3
Majority 109,305 80.0 +0.5
Turnout 136,801 100 +95.3
US House election, 2010: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 68,624 93.9 +3.9
Conservative Alice Gaffney 4,482 6.1 +6.1
Majority 64,142 87.7 +7.7
Turnout 73,106 100 -46.6

Historical district boundaries

2003 – 2013

See also

Notes

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=36&cd=12
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "New York Redistricting". New York Times. 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2012-05-13.
  4. ^ "Highest Income Per Capita In The United States By Congressional District".
  5. ^ Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States (Vol. V; page 182)
  1. ^ David Thomas was appointed New York State Treasurer on February 5, 1808, and resigned his seat. His letter of resignation was read in the House on February 17.[5]

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  • 2004 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives
  • 2002 House election data "
  • 2000 House election data "
  • 1998 House election data "
  • 1996 House election data "
Preceded by
Illinois's 1st congressional district
Home district of the President of the United States
January 20, 2017–present
Incumbent