Nie Haisheng


Nie Haisheng
Nie Haisheng 2010 Somalia stamp.jpg
Born (1964-10-13) October 13, 1964 (age 56)
OccupationFighter pilot
Space career
CNSA Astronaut
RankMajor general, PLASSF
Time in space
19 days, 10 hours, 1 min
SelectionChinese Group 1
MissionsShenzhou 6, Shenzhou 10
Mission insignia
Shenzhou 6 mission patch.svg Shenzhou-10.png

Nie Haisheng (simplified Chinese: 聂海胜; traditional Chinese: 聶海勝; pinyin: Niè Hǎishèng; born 13 October 1964) is a Chinese military pilot and CNSA astronaut.

Military career

Nie Haisheng in 2010

Nie was born on 13 October 1964 in Yangdang town of Zaoyang, Hubei Province. After graduating from high school he joined the People's Liberation Army Air Force and became a fighter pilot. He trained at the PLAAF's No. 7 Flying School and graduated in 1987.[citation needed]

On 12 June 1989 while flying at 13,000 feet (4000 m) his plane suffered an explosion and he lost his engine. The plane began to spin to the ground and the cabin began to heat up. Trying to regain control, he waited until the plane was 1300 to 1700 feet (400 to 500 meters) before choosing to eject. For his handling of the situation he was honored with third-class merit.[citation needed]

Prior to Shenzhou 10, Nie had attained the rank of Major General.[1]

CNSA career

In 1998, he was selected for the Chinese spaceflight program and was one of three candidates who were part of the final group to train for the Shenzhou 5 flight, China's first manned spaceflight. Yang Liwei was picked for the flight, with Zhai Zhigang ranked second ahead of Niè Hǎishèng.[citation needed]

Nie went into orbit, along with Fei Junlong (commander), as flight engineer of the Shenzhou 6 flight on 12 October 2005. The mission lasted just under five days.

He was selected to be the commander of the backup crew for the Shenzhou 9 mission.[2] In 2013, Nie was selected to command the Shenzhou 10 second manned space mission to the first Chinese space station Tiangong 1.[3] He became the first officer hold general rank at the time of their launch in the Chinese program with the Shenzhou 10 mission.[4]


He is married to Niè Jiélín (聂捷琳) and they have a daughter named Nie Tianxiang (聂天翔).[5] During the Shenzhou 6 mission he celebrated his 41st birthday in space.

The asteroid 9517 Niehaisheng was named after him.

See also


  1. ^ "General ready for second space mission". SpaceDaily. 11 June 2013.
  2. ^ Morris Jones (3 April 2013). "Shenzhou's Shadow Crew". Space Daily.
  3. ^ "Astronauts of Shenzhou-10 mission meet press". Space Daily. 11 June 2013.
  4. ^ "China's space dream crystallized with Shenzhou-10 launch". SpaceDaily. 16 June 2013.
  5. ^ 10日神十17时发射 江西女婿聂海胜任指令长

External links

  • "Road to the space: stories of Niè Hǎishèng". PLA Daily. 22 October 2003. Archived from the original on 21 December 2005.
  • "Behind Every Successful Spaceship Launch is a Group of Women". Women of China English Monthly. January 2004. Archived from the original on 1 January 2005.
  • "China Prepares for Shenzhou VI Space Flight 13 October - Agency". China News Service. 24 September 2005.[permanent dead link]
  • Niè Hǎishèng at the Encyclopedia Astronautica. Accessed 22 July 2005.
  • Spacefacts biography of Nie Haisheng