|New York City Subway station (rapid transit)|
Ninth Avenue station in September 2018
|Address||Ninth Avenue & 39th Street|
Brooklyn, NY 11232
|Line||BMT West End Line|
BMT Culver Line (formerly)
|Services||D (all times)|
|Transit connections||NYCT Bus: B35|
|Levels||2 (upper level is in revenue service)|
|Platforms||4 island platforms (2 on each level)|
|Tracks||6 (3 on each level)|
|Opened||June 24, 1916|
|Closed||BMT Culver Line platforms: May 11, 1975|
|Opposite-direction transfer available||Yes|
|Passengers (2018)||1,667,200 4%|
|Rank||271 out of 424|
|Next north||36th Street: D |
36th Street (Culver Line; demolished)
|Next south||Fort Hamilton Parkway (Culver Line; demolished)|
Fort Hamilton Parkway (local): D
62nd Street (express): no regular service
9th Avenue Station (Dual System BRT)
|MPS||New York City Subway System MPS|
|NRHP reference #||05000676|
|Added to NRHP||March 3, 2005|
Ninth Avenue is a bi-level express station on the BMT West End Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of Ninth Avenue and 39th Street in Brooklyn. Each level has three tracks and two island platforms. The upper level serves the BMT West End Line while the lower level formerly served the BMT Culver Line. Only the upper level is still in service and is served by the D train at all times. The center express track is not normally used.
The Ninth Avenue station opened on June 24, 1916 along with the first portion of the BMT West End Line from 36th Street on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line to 18th Avenue station. The line was originally a surface excursion railway to Coney Island, called the Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Railroad, which was established in 1862, but did not reach Coney Island until 1864. Under the Dual Contracts of 1913, an elevated line was built over New Utrecht Avenue, 86th Street and Stillwell Avenue.
The platforms were extended in the 1950s to accommodate the current standard B Division train length of 615 feet (187 m).
The station was renovated in 2012 with new platform edges, a new dispatcher room and a new stairway that leads to the 36th Street Yard.
|G||Street Level Station House||Entrances/Exits, station agent, MetroCard vending machines|
|Upper level||Northbound local||← toward Norwood–205th Street (36th Street)|
|Island platform, doors will open on the left|
|Peak-direction express||→ No regular service|
(No service: 36th Street northbound or 62nd Street southbound)
|Island platform, doors will open on the left|
|Southbound local||→ toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (Fort Hamilton Parkway) →|
|Lower level||Former northbound local||→ Trackbed|
|Island platform, not in service|
|Former peak-direction express||→ No regular service|
|Island platform, not in service|
|Former southbound local||→ Trackbed|
Both levels of the station have three tracks and two island platforms.
The upper level is the only one in use. Only the local tracks are in regular service. On the upper level, the Manhattan-bound platform is slightly wider than the Coney Island-bound platform. Towards the west end of the upper level platforms is an employee-only pedestrian bridge that leads to the entrance of the 36th–38th Street Yard via a high turnstile. A control tower for line at the south end of the yard.
The lower level was used as a through route for the BMT Culver Line to the BMT Fourth Avenue subway and the BMT Fifth Avenue elevated lines until 1954, when service on the main portion of the BMT Culver Line route was recaptured by the Independent Subway System via the Culver Ramp. A Culver Shuttle service from this station to a new single track terminal at Ditmas Avenue began at the same time. Some Culver trains continued to operate into Manhattan until May 1959. Culver Shuttle service was discontinued on May 11, 1975. The lower level was abandoned afterwards and has not been used for passenger service.
The level is dark and there are no safety plates on the two staircases to that level. A fluorescent light remains on the southbound side. The next stop for this shuttle to the south (east) was Fort Hamilton Parkway. The tracks curve just east of the station before the center and southbound local end at bumper blocks, at the east end of the tunnel portal. The northbound local continues past the portal and runs along another track coming from the 36th–38th Street Yard, but does not connect with it. This track was the track used during Ninth Avenue–Ditmas Avenue shuttle operation from 1959 until 1975.
Use as filming location
The lower level was used for the filming of the original Crocodile Dundee (1986) movie when it posed as the 59th Street–Columbus Circle station at the end of the movie. The "9" wall mosaics and the sunlight seen at the very end of the film made it clear it was Ninth Avenue. Furthermore, filming of a violent scene from the film Joker (2019) took place at the abandoned lower platform.
The station house is at street level near the intersection of 9th Avenue and New Utrecht Avenue, and there is a sealed entrance on the west side. The tablet grilles in the mezzanine are still intact and a newsstand once stood opposite the current location of the station agent booth.
As the West End line rises from embankment to elevated east of this station, the BMT Culver right-of-way can be seen leaving the tunnel on the Manhattan-bound side. Only one track leaves the tunnel, dead-ending approximately 750 feet (230 m) later before Fort Hamilton Parkway with no further connections. There is also a platform present. The platform was installed in the late 1980s for New York City Transit employees only and is not part of the right-of-way.
To the west of the station is a complicated track layout complete with track connections from the Fourth Avenue Line, ramps from the now-demolished Fifth Avenue El, and ramps from the 36th–38th Street Yard, combining together to form the six tracks and two levels of the station.
Beyond the ramps, as the line curves under the BMT Fourth Avenue Line, there are tracks that continue straight into the piers on the Sunset Park waterfront that were once operated by the South Brooklyn Railway. In the tunnel approaching 36th Street station, there is an unused trackway that was supposed to connect to the South Brooklyn Railway. The tunnel connection was never built. This trackway merges to the southbound track and runs for a long distance before ending at a wall.
- "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
- "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
- "Parade, Pageant Mark Celebration: Borough Park Civic Bodies and School Children Join in Festivities: West End Line Opened: First Train From Manhattan Over New "L" Extension of Dual System to Sixty-Second Street". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 24, 1916. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
- "Realty Boom Is Predicted for Borough Park Section". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 24, 1916. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
- "Opening of the Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Railroad" (PDF). The New York Times. June 9, 1864. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
- Senate, New York (State) Legislature (January 1, 1917). Documents of the Senate of the State of New York.
- McKinley Jr, James C. (August 16, 1994). "Subway Car Derails in Brooklyn, Injuring 11 Passengers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
- Kelly, John (May 9, 1975). "End of Line for Culver Shuttle". New York Daily News. p. KL7. Archived from the original on March 25, 2020. Retrieved October 16, 2019 – via Brooklyn Public Library; newspapers.com .
- "The Star Of Joker Is New York As Gotham City". Gothamist. October 3, 2019. Archived from the original on October 9, 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
- "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Sunset Park" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- "INVENTORY OF DECKING OPPORTUNITIES OVER TRANSPORTATION PROPERTIES Final Report: 6.7: TRANSIT AND RAILROAD YARDS: BROOKLYN" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. September 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 25, 2020. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
- nycsubway.org – BMT West End Line: Ninth Avenue
- nycsubway.org – BMT Culver Line: Ninth Avenue
- Station Reporter — D Train
- The Subway Nut — Ninth Avenue Pictures
- Detail of area tracks
- Ninth Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View
- Platforms from Google Maps Street View