No. 197 Squadron RAF

Summary

No. 197 Squadron RAF
Active9 August 1917 – 17 November 1917
21 November 1942 – 31 August 1945
CountryUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
BranchEnsign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Motto(s)Latin: Findimus caelum
("We cleave the sky")[1]
Insignia
Squadron BadgeA sabre held by a gauntlet.
Squadron CodesOV (Nov 1942 - Aug 1945)

No. 197 Squadron RAF was a Royal Air Force Squadron formed in World War I and reformed as a fighter-bomber unit in World War II.

History

Formation and World War I

No. 197 Squadron Royal Flying Corps was formed in Egypt on 9 August 1917, but it disbanded on 17 November 1917 upon re-designation as an artillery observation school, having not received any aircraft.

Reformation in World War II

CWGC grave in Veenendaal, the Netherlands, of an RCAF officer who served in 197 Squadron and died in 1944

The squadron reformed on 21 November 1942 at RAF Turnhouse and was supplied with Typhoons. It then operated from RAF Manston, RAF Tangmere and RAF Hurn. It supported the Normandy landings in June 1944 and re-located to France where it followed the Allied advance across Europe seeking targets of opportunity. On 3 May 1945 the squadron took part in the attack that resulted in the sinking of the SS Cap Arcona. It disbanded at Hildesheim, Germany, on 31 August 1945.

Aircraft operated

Aircraft operated by No. 197 Squadron RAF[2]
From To Aircraft Variant
Nov 1942 Jan 1943 Hawker Typhoon IA
Nov 1942 Aug 1945 Hawker Typhoon IB

References

  1. ^ Pine, L G (1983). A dictionary of mottoes. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. p. 79. ISBN 0-7100-9339-X.
  2. ^ C.G.Jefford (1988). RAF Squadrons. UK Airlife Publishing. ISBN 1-85310-053-6.

External links

  • History of No.'s 196–200 Squadrons at RAF Web
  • 197 Squadron history on the official RAF website