No. 274 Squadron RAF

Summary

No. 274 Squadron RAF
Active15 June 1919 - 30 January 1920
19 August 1940 – 7 September 1945
CountryUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
BranchEnsign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Motto(s)Latin: Supero
("I overcome")
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldryEight arrows in saltire[1]
Squadron CodesYK (Aug 1940 - Sep 1940)
NH Allocated but no evidence of being carried
JJ (Apr 1944 - Sep 1945)

No. 274 Squadron RAF existed briefly in 1918 and 1919 as a patrol and bomber squadron, and served in World War II as a fighter squadron.

History

The squadron began to form as a patrol squadron, intended to fly Vickers Vimys, at Seaton Carew in November 1918 a few days before the end of World War I. The squadron formation was then cancelled.

No. 5 (Communication) Squadron formed at Bircham Newton, in 1919, but then became No. 274 Squadron on 15 June 1919.[2] It was a bomber squadron, flying Handley Page V/1500s, but then disbanded after six months, on 30 January 1920.

Groundcrew of No. 274 Squadron overhaul a Hawker Hurricane Mark I during the siege of Tobruk.

It was back in action by 1940, equipped with Hawker Hurricanes. For Operation Overlord (the Allied invasion of Normandy) it was equipped with the Spitfire IX F operating from RAF Detling in Air Defence of Great Britain, though under the operational control of RAF Second Tactical Air Force.[3]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Halley 1988, p. 340.
  2. ^ Lake 1999.
  3. ^ Delve, p. 137.

Bibliography

  • Ken Delve, D-Day: The Air Battle, London: Arms & Armour Press, 1994, ISBN 1-85409-227-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, C.G. RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd., 1969 (second edition 1976). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.

External links

  • 274 Squadron Official history
  • History of No.'s 271–275 Squadrons Air of Authority