No. 516 Squadron RAF


No. 516 Squadron RAF
Active28 April 1943 – 2 December 1944
CountryUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
BranchEnsign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Rolearmy co-operation
Part ofNo. 105 (Combined Operations) Wing RAF
BaseRAF Dundonald

No. 516 Squadron RAF was an army co-operation squadron of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.


No. 516 Squadron was formed on 28 April 1943 at RAF Dundonald from 1441 (Combined Operations) Flight on 28 April 1943.[1] Its role was to provide realistic training facilities to the Combined Operations Training Centre and other training units in the Western Scotland area. It operated a large variety of aircraft with the unusual task to provide realistic low-level attacks against commando and assault troops undergoing training. The work involved detaching aircraft near the troop training areas including RAF Ayr and RAF Haverfordwest. By 1944 the training of commando and assault troops was on the decline and the squadron was disbanded at Dundonald on 2 December 1944.

No squadron codes are known to have been carried between April 1943 and Dec 1944.[2][3]

Aircraft operated

Hawker Hurricane IIC
Aircraft operated by no. 516 Squadron RAF, data from[4][5][6]
From To Aircraft Version
April 1943 December 1943 Westland Lysander Mks.II, IIIa
April 1943 February 1944 North American Mustang Mk.I
April 1943 December 1944 Avro Anson Mk.I
May 1943 December 1944 Bristol Blenheim Mk.IV
December 1943 December 1944 Hawker Hurricane Mks.IIb, IIc

See also




  • Bowyer, Michael J.F.; Rawlings, John D.R. (1979). Squadron Codes, 1937–56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Flintham, Vic; Thomas, Andrew (2003). Combat Codes: A Full Explanation and Listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied Air Force Unit Codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. (1988). The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, C.G. (2001). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912 (2nd ed.). Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Jones, Phil (1998). Airfield Focus No. 35: Dundonald. Peterborough, UK: GMS Enterprises. ISBN 1-870384-66-0.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. (1982). Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Shears, Doug (2001). Damn my Two Left Feet....and how I Flew with Them. Timaru, New Zealand: Jeff Mill & Associates. ISBN 0-9582280-0-0.. Shears was a pilot with 516 and the book includes a chapter on his experiences with them.
  • Sturtivant, Ray, ISO; Hamlin, John (2007). RAF Flying Training And Support Units since 1912. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 0-85130-365-X.

External links

  • Squadron histories for nos. 500–520 sqn
  • Squadron history on MOD site
  • Site for no. 516 Combined Operations Sqn