No. 529 Squadron RAF


No. 529 Squadron RAF
Active15 June 1943 – 20 October 1945
CountryUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
BranchEnsign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
RoleRadar calibration
Squadron CodesKX (Jun 1943 – Oct 1945)[1][2]

No. 529 Squadron RAF was a radar calibration unit of the Royal Air Force during World War II. The unit had the distinction to be the only RAF unit to fly autogyros and helicopters operationally during World War II.


No. 529 Squadron was formed on 15 June 1943 from No. 1448 Flight[3] at RAF Halton.[4] This flight under the experienced rotary aircraft pilot Squadron Leader Alan Marsh had pioneered radar calibration using Autogyros and light aircraft and the squadron continued to do this until after the end of World War II. On 16 August 1944 the squadron moved to a field at Crazies Farm, Henley-on-Thames[5][6] and on that field they became the first RAF squadron to fly a helicopter for operational use, when they received their first Vought-Sikorsky Hoverfly. It was disbanded on 20 October 1945 at RAF Henley-on-Thames.

Aircraft operated

A Cierva C.30 (Rota Mk.I) of no. 529 Squadron, now at Duxford.
A Vought-Sikorsky Hoverfly, now at Hendon.
Aircraft operated by No. 529 Squadron, data from[4][5][6]
From To Aircraft Version
June 1943 October 1945 Avro Rota Mk.Ia
June 1943 October 1945 de Havilland Hornet Moth
June 1943 July 1944 Avro Rota Mk.II
September 1944 October 1945 Airspeed Oxford Mks.I, II
May 1945 October 1945 Vought-Sikorsky Hoverfly Mk.I

Squadron bases

Bases and airfields used by No. 529 Squadron RAF, data from[4][5][6]
From To Base
15 June 1943 16 August 1944 RAF Halton, Buckinghamshire
16 August 1944 20 October 1945 RAF Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire



  1. ^ Bowyer & Rawlings 1979, p. 64.
  2. ^ Flintham & Thomas 2003, p. 87.
  3. ^ Sturtivant & Hamlin 2007, p. 123.
  4. ^ a b c Rawlings 1982, p. 261.
  5. ^ a b c Halley 1988, p. 402.
  6. ^ a b c Jefford 2001, p. 97.


  • Bowyer, Michael J.F.; Rawlings, John D.R. (1979). Squadron Codes, 1937–56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Flintham, Vic; Thomas, Andrew (2003). Combat Codes: A Full Explanation and Listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied Air Force Unit Codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. (1988). The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, C.G. (2001). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912 (2nd ed.). Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. (1982). Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Sturtivant, Ray, ISO; Hamlin, John (2007). RAF Flying Training And Support Units since 1912. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 0-85130-365-X.