No. 537 Squadron RAF

Summary

No. 537 Squadron RAF
Active8 Sep 1942 – 25 Jan 1943[1]
CountryUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
BranchEnsign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
RoleTurbinlite nightfighter squadron
Part ofNo. 10 Group RAF, Fighter Command[2]

No. 537 Squadron RAF was one of the ten Turbinlite nightfighter squadrons of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.

History

No. 537 Squadron was formed at RAF Middle Wallop, Hampshire on 8[1] September 1942, from No. 1458 (Turbinlite) Flight,[3][4] as part of No. 10 Group RAF in Fighter Command. Instead of operating only Turbinlite and -rudimentary- Airborne Intercept (AI) radar equipped aircraft (Havocs and Bostons) and working together with a normal nightfighter unit, such as in their case No. 245 Squadron RAF while still 1458 Flight,[3] the unit now also flew with their own Hawker Hurricanes. It was disbanded at Middle Wallop on 25 January 1943,[1] when Turbinlite squadrons were, due to lack of success on their part and the rapid development of AI radar, thought to be superfluous.[5]

Aircraft operated

Aircraft operated by No. 537 Squadron RAF, data from[1][3][5]
From To Aircraft Version
8 September 1942 25 January 1943 Douglas Havoc Mk.I (Nightfigter)
8 September 1942 25 January 1943 Douglas Havoc Mk.I (Turbinlite)
8 September 1942 25 January 1943 Douglas Havoc Mk.II (Nightfigter)
8 September 1942 25 January 1943 Douglas Boston Mk.III (Turbinlite)
8 September 1942 25 January 1943 Hawker Hurricane Mk.IIb
8 September 1942 25 January 1943 Hawker Hurricane Mk.IIc

Squadron bases

Bases and airfields used by No. 537 Squadron RAF, data from[1][2][3][5]
From To Base
8 September 1942 25 January 1943 RAF Middle Wallop, Hampshire

Commanding officers

Officers commanding No. 537 Squadron RAF, data from[3]
From To Name
8 September 1942 25 January 1943 S/Ldr. P.L. Burke, AFC

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Jefford 2001, p. 97.
  2. ^ a b www.rafcommands.com
  3. ^ a b c d e Rawlings 1978, p. 466.
  4. ^ Sturtivant & Hamlin 2007, p. 123.
  5. ^ a b c Halley 1988, p. 403.

Bibliography

  • Delve, Ken (1994). The Source Book of the RAF. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing. ISBN 1-85310-451-5.
  • Flintham, Vic; Thomas, Andrew (2003). Combat Codes: A Full Explanation and Listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied Air Force Unit Codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. (1988). The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, C.G. (2001). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912 (2nd ed.). Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Rawlings, John (1978) [1969]. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft (Revised ed.). London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
  • Sturtivant, Ray, ISO; Hamlin, John (2007). RAF Flying Training And Support Units since 1912. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 0-85130-365-X.

External links

  • Squadron.cfm 537 Squadron history on MOD site
  • No. 537 Squadron RAF movement and equipment history
  • Squadron histories for nos. 521–540 squadron on RafWeb's Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation