No. 660 Squadron RAF

Summary

No. 660 Squadron RAF
Active31 Jul 1943 – 31 May 1946
CountryUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
BranchEnsign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
RoleAir Observation Post squadron
Motto(s)No motto known[1]
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldryNo badge known[1]
Squadron CodesBG (Aug 1945 – Apr 1946)[2][3]
Aircraft flown
ReconnaissanceAuster Single-engined Army liaison monoplane

No. 660 Squadron was a Royal Air Force Air Observation Post squadron associated with the 21st Army Group during World War II. Numbers 651 to 663 Squadrons of the RAF were Air Observation Post units working closely with Army units in artillery spotting and liaison. A further three of these squadrons, 664–666, were manned with Canadian personnel. Their duties and squadron numbers were transferred to the Army with the formation of the Army Air Corps on 1 September 1957.[4][5]

History

Formation and World War II

No. 660 Squadron was formed at RAF Old Sarum on 31 July 1943[1] with the Auster III and in February 1944 the Auster IV. From November 1943, it was based at Hammerwood Park, a country house in Sussex. However, as the squadron's role was to support the Second British Army, in July 1944 it moved to France. Fighting in the break-out from Normandy it followed the army across the low countries and into Germany. The squadron disbanded at Holtenau, Germany on 31 May 1946.[6] The squadron today is represented by No. 660 Squadron AAC of the Army Air Corps, part of the (Defence Helicopter Flying School).

Aircraft operated

A postwar Auster Mk.V, restored in wartime colours.
Aircraft operated by no. 660 Squadron RAF, data from[1][6]
From To Aircraft Variant
July 1943 February 1944 Auster Mk.III
February 1944 May 1946 Auster Mk.IV
September 1944 May 1946 Auster Mk.V

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Halley 1988, p. 448.
  2. ^ Bowyer & Rawlings 1979, p. 22.
  3. ^ Flintham & Thomas 2003, p. 64.
  4. ^ Halley 1988, pp. 444–451.
  5. ^ Jefford 2001, pp. 102–104.
  6. ^ a b Jefford 2001, p. 104.

Bibliography

  • Bowyer, Michael J.F.; Rawlings, John D.R. (1979). Squadron Codes, 1937–56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Flintham, Vic; Thomas, Andrew (2003). Combat Codes: A Full Explanation and Listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied Air Force Unit Codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. (1988). The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, C.G. (2001). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912 (2nd ed.). Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85310-053-6.

External links

  • Squadron history for nos. 651–670 sqn. at RAF Web
  • 660 sqn. page of RAF website