Norbornadiene is an organic compound and a bicyclic hydrocarbon. Norbornadiene is of interest as a metal-binding ligand, whose complexes are useful for homogeneous catalysis. It has been intensively studied owing to its high reactivity and distinctive structural property of being a diene that cannot isomerize (isomers would be anti-Bredt alkenes). Norbornadiene is also a useful dienophile in Diels-Alder reactions.
|Preferred IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||92.14 g/mol|
|Melting point||−19 °C (−2 °F; 254 K)|
|Boiling point||89 °C (192 °F; 362 K)|
|P210, P233, P240, P241, P242, P243, P280, P303+P361+P353, P370+P378, P403+P235, P501|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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The norbornadiene-quadricyclane couple is of potential interest for solar energy storage when controlled release of the strain energy stored in quadricyclane back to norbornadiene is made possible.
Norbornadiene is reactive in cycloaddition reactions. Norbornadiene is also the starting material for the synthesis of diamantane and sumanene and it is used as an acetylene transfer agent for instance in reaction with 3,6-di-2-pyridyl-1,2,4,5-tetrazine.
Norbornadiene is a versatile ligand in organometallic chemistry, where it serves as a two-electron or four-electron donor. The norbornadiene analogue of cyclooctadiene rhodium chloride dimer is widely used in homogeneous catalysis. (Norbornadiene)molybdenum tetracarbonyl is used as a source of "Mo(CO)4", exploiting the lability of the diene ligand in this case.
Chiral, C2-symmetric dienes derived from norbornadiene have also been described. One example is tetracarbonyl(norbornadiene)chromium(0), which is a useful source of "chromium tetracarbonyl," e.g. in reactions with phosphine ligands.