North Carolina's 1st congressional district
North Carolina US Congressional District 1 (since 2017).tif
North Carolina's 1st congressional district since January 3, 2017
Representative
  G. K. Butterfield
DWilson
Distribution
  • 62.9[1]% urban
  • 37.1% rural
Population (2016)750,278[2]
Median income$43,853[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+17[4]

North Carolina's 1st congressional district consists of counties that border Virginia, and extending southward into several counties of the Inner Banks and Research Triangle regions. Geographically and demographically diverse, it covers many rural areas of northeastern North Carolina, among the state's most economically poor, as well as a part of the heavily urbanized Research Triangle. It contains towns and cities such as Durham, Greenville, Elizabeth City, Henderson, Roanoke Rapids, Rocky Mount, Goldsboro, and New Bern.

The district is represented by Rep. G. K. Butterfield, a Democrat. He has been the representative since 2005. In the 2006 election, he won unopposed. In 2010 he defeated Republican Ashley Woolard from Washington, North Carolina in the general election.

On February 5, 2016, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled the 1st district, as well as the 12th, were gerrymandered along racial lines, which was unconstitutional, and must be redrawn by March 15, 2016.[5]

Besides a brief period from 1895 until 1899 when the district was held by a Populist, the 1st district has been consistently Democratic since 1883.

Recent election results

Presidential races

Year Results
2000 Gore 57–42%
2004 Kerry 57–42%
2008 Obama 62–37%
2012 Obama 68–31%
2016 Clinton 68-31%

Recent congressional races

U.S. House election, 2002: North Carolina's 1st district[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank W. Ballance Jr. 93,157 63.74
Republican Greg Dority 50,907 34.83
Libertarian Mike Ruff 2,093 1.43
Total votes 146,157 100
U.S. House election, 2004: North Carolina's 1st district[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 137,667 63.98
Republican Greg Dority 77,508 36.02
Total votes 215,175 100
U.S. House election, 2006: North Carolina's 1st district[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 82,510 100
Total votes 82,510 100
U.S. House election, 2008: North Carolina's 1st district[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 192,765 70.28
Republican Dean Stephens 81,506 29.72
Total votes 274,271 100
U.S. House election, 2010: North Carolina's 1st district[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 103,294 59.31
Republican Ashley Woolard 70,867 40.69
Total votes 174,161 100
U.S. House election, 2012: North Carolina's 1st district[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 254,644 75.32
Republican Pete DiLauro 77,288 22.86
Libertarian Darryl Holloman 6,134 1.81
Total votes 338,066 99.9
U.S. House election, 2014: North Carolina's 1st district[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 154,333 73.38
Republican Arthur Rich 55,990 26.62
Total votes 210,323 100
U.S. House election, 2016: North Carolina's 1st district[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 240,661 68.62
Republican H. Powell Dew Jr. 101,567 28.96
Libertarian Joseph John Summerell 8,259 2.4
Total votes 346,830 99.98
U.S. House election, 2018: North Carolina's 1st district[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 190,457 69.9
Republican Roger Allison 82,218 30.2
Total votes 272,675 100.0

List of members representing the district

Representative Party Years Electoral history District location
John Baptista Ashe.jpg
John B. Ashe
Anti-Administration March 24, 1790 –
March 3, 1791
Elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
1790–1791
"Roanoke division"
John Steele Pro-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1791.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1791–1793
"Yadkin division"
Joseph McDowell Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Elected in 1793.
Lost re-election.
1793–1803
[Data unknown/missing.]
James Holland Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
Elected in 1795.
Lost re-election.
JosephMcDowellJr.jpg
Joseph McDowell Jr.
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Elected in 1796.
Lost re-election.
Joseph Dickson Federalist March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Elected in 1798.
Lost re-election.
James Holland Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 11th district.
Thomas Wynns Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1807
Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Retired.
1803–1813
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1813
Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Lost re-election.
William H. Murfree Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
Elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
Retired.
1813–1823
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
Elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1821.
Lost re-election.
Alfred M. Gatlin Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Elected in 1823.
Lost re-election.
1823–1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lemuel Sawyer Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
Elected in 1825.
[Data unknown/missing.]
William B. Shepard Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
1833–1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Samuel T. Sawyer Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
[Data unknown/missing.]
Kenneth Rayner Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 9th district.
Hon. Thomas L. Clingman, N.C - NARA - 528409.jpg
Thomas L. Clingman
Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
[Data unknown/missing.] 1843–1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
JamesGrahamNC.jpg
James Graham
Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
[Data unknown/missing.]
Hon. Thomas L. Clingman, N.C - NARA - 528409.jpg
Thomas L. Clingman
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Henry Muchmore Shaw.png
Henry M. Shaw
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing.] 1853–1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert T. Paine Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
[Data unknown/missing.]
Henry Muchmore Shaw.png
Henry M. Shaw
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
[Data unknown/missing.]
William N. H. Smith Opposition March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
North Carolina seceded from the Union in May 1861
Vacant March 3, 1861 –
July 6, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction
1863–1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Robert French.jpg
John R. French
Republican July 6, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
[Data unknown/missing.]
ClintonLCobb.jpg
Clinton L. Cobb
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
1873–1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jesse J. Yeates Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
[Data unknown/missing.]
Joseph John Martin - Brady-Handy.jpg
Joseph J. Martin
Republican March 3, 1879 –
January 29, 1881
Lost contested election.
Jesse J. Yeates Democratic January 29, 1881 –
March 3, 1881
Won contested election.
LouisCLatham.jpg
Louis C. Latham
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
Walter F. Pool, (R-NC).png
Walter F. Pool
Republican March 4, 1883 –
August 25, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
1883–1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant August 25, 1883 –
November 20, 1883
Thomas Gregory Skinner.jpg
Thomas G. Skinner
Democratic November 20, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
[Data unknown/missing.]
LouisCLatham.jpg
Louis C. Latham
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas Gregory Skinner.jpg
Thomas G. Skinner
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
[Data unknown/missing.]
William A. B. Branch Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.]
1893–1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
Harry Skinner Populist March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
[Data unknown/missing.]
John H. Small Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1921
[Data unknown/missing.]
1903–1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
1913–1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
Hallett S. Ward Democratic March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1925
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lindsay C. Warren Democratic March 3, 1925 –
October 31, 1940
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become U.S. Comptroller General.
1933–1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant October 31, 1940 –
November 5, 1940
Herbert Covington Bonner.jpg
Herbert C. Bonner
Democratic November 5, 1940 –
November 7, 1965
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
1943–1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
1953–1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
1963–1973
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant November 7, 1965 –
February 5, 1966
WalterJonesSr.-1977-.png
Walter B. Jones, Sr.
Democratic February 5, 1966 –
September 15, 1992
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
1973–1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
1983–1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant September 15, 1992 –
November 3, 1992
Clayton-nc1.jpg
Eva Clayton
Democratic November 3, 1992 –
January 3, 2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
1993–2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
Frank Ballance.jpg
Frank Ballance
Democratic January 3, 2003 –
June 11, 2004
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
2003–2013
NC 1st Congressional District.gif
Vacant June 11, 2004 –
July 20, 2004
G.K. Butterfield, Official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg
G. K. Butterfield
Democratic July 20, 2004 –
Present
Incumbent
2013–2017
North Carolina US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
2017–Present
North Carolina US Congressional District 1 (since 2017).tif

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=37&cd=01
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=37&cd=01
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ Simpson, Ian (February 8, 2016). "Judges find two N. Carolina congressional districts racially gerrymandered". Reuters. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
  6. ^ "11/05/2002 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 15, 2002. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  7. ^ "11/02/2004 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 12, 2004. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  8. ^ "11/07/2006 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 17, 2006. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  9. ^ "11/04/2008 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 14, 2008. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  10. ^ "11/02/2010 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 12, 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  11. ^ "11/06/2012 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 16, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  12. ^ "11/04/2014 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 25, 2014. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  13. ^ "11/06/2016 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. December 13, 2016. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  14. ^ "District 1, North Carolina State Board of Elections & Ethics Enforcement". Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Coordinates: 36°06′03″N 77°30′14″W / 36.10083°N 77.50389°W / 36.10083; -77.50389