NASA Selects First Commercial Moon Landing Services for Artemis Program (47974873213).jpg
Nova-C model
DesignerIntuitive Machines
Country of originUS
ApplicationsLunar payloads delivery
Spacecraft typeLander
Dry mass1,500 kg (3,300 lb) [1]
Payload capacity100 kg (220 lb) [2]
Power200 W (0.27 hp)[2]
Length3 m (9.8 ft)[1]
Diameter2 m (6 ft 7 in)[1]
Statusin development
Maiden launchJuly 2021 (planned)[3][2]
Related spacecraft
Derived fromProject Morpheus[2]

Nova-C is a lunar lander designed by the private company Intuitive Machines to deliver small commercial payloads to the surface of the Moon.

Intuitive Machines was one of the 9 contractor companies selected by NASA in November 2018,[4] and Nova-C is one of the first three lander types selected for the new NASA program called Commercial Lunar Payload Services. Launch is planned on a Falcon 9 rocket in July 2021.[2][3]


Nova-C lunar lander was designed by Intuitive Machines, and it inherits technology developed by NASA's Project Morpheus.[2] It features a spacecraft propellant system that uses methane and liquid oxygen, and an autonomous landing and hazard detection technology. After landing, the lander is capable of relocating by performing a vertical takeoff, cruise, and vertical landing.[2] Methane and oxygen could also be potentially manufactured on the Moon and Mars.[5][6] (See: In-situ resource utilization.) Nova-C is capable of 24/7 data coverage for its client payload, and can hold a payload of 100 kg.[2] The Nova-C lander design provides a technology platform that scales to mid and large lander classes, capable of accommodating larger payloads.[7]

First flight

Nova-C was selected in May 2019 for NASA's CLPS as one of the first three landers of this program, that is tasked with delivering small payloads to explore and test technologies to process some natural resources of the Moon.[7] The other selected lander is the Peregrine by Astrobotic.[8]

For its first flight, planned for July 2021,[3][2] Nova-C will carry up to five NASA-sponsored instruments to land at Oceanus Procellarum.[9] In addition, the lander will also carry some payloads from other customers.[3] The lander will operate for one lunar day, which is equivalent to about 14 Earth days.[3]

See also

Current lunar lander programs


  1. ^ a b c Houston company among 9 tapped to build moon landers. Alex Stuckey, The Houston Chronicle. 30 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Nova-C Lunar Lander. Home site. Intuitive Machines. Accessed on 28 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Will Launch Private Moon Lander in 2021. Mike Wall, 2 October 2019.
  4. ^ "NASA Announces New Partnerships for Commercial Lunar Payload Delivery Services". NASA.GOV. NASA. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  5. ^ "Innovative Partnership Tests Fuels of the Future". NASA. October 13, 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  6. ^ Nasa's new Mars landing craft Morpheus bursts into flames on take-off. The Telegraph 10 August 2012.
  7. ^ a b Intuitive Machines Headed To The Moon In 2021. Space Mining News. 30 November 2018.
  8. ^ NASA funds commercial moon landers for science, exploration. Astronomy Now. 2 June 2018.
  9. ^ NASA picks three companies to send commercial landers to the moon. Stephen Clark, Spaceflight Now. 4 June 2019.