OKBM Afrikantov


OKBM Afrikantov (full name: OAO I. I. Afrikantov OKB Mechanical Engineering, Russian: Опытное конструкторское бюро машиностроения им. И. И. Африкантова) is a nuclear engineering company located in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. It is a subsidiary of Rosatom. The company is named after Igor Afrikantov.

OKBM Afrikantov
TypePublic (OAO)
IndustryNuclear engineering
Number of employees

The company is best known as the main designer for the Soviet Union's and Russia's flagship nuclear propulsion projects, including reactors for nuclear submarines, nuclear-powered icebreakers, and the floating nuclear power plant project. It also designs fast breeder reactors. Nearly 4,000 people work for OKBM including more than 1,600 design engineers, production engineers and test engineers. The Company employees include one Academician of the Russian Academy of Science, 20 Doctors of Engineering Science and 92 Candidates of Engineering Science. Throughout the years in action, OKBM has made a great contribution to the development of the Russian nuclear industry, the energy sector and the fleet.[2]

History Edit

The company was founded in 1945. In 1998, it was named after its former chief designer and director I. I. Afrikantov.

Products Edit

The company is a developer of the nuclear reactors. It has designed and assembled KLT-40S reactors for the first Russian floating nuclear power station Akademik Lomonosov.[3] It also developed the RITM-200 design pressurized water reactor which is used for LK-60 model nuclear-powered icebreaker.[4]

OKBM Afrikantov participated in the construction of China Experimental Fast Reactor.[5]

Naval reactors Edit

The company has been the primary designer of naval reactors for both military and civilian uses: KN-3 reactor, OK-150 reactor, OK-550 reactor, OK-650 reactor, KLT-40 reactor, RITM-200, RITM-400, ABV Reactor, VBER-300 and more.

Military-related reactors Edit

Several reactors located on three secret cities were designed by the company to produce plutonium for nuclear weapons:[6]AV Reactor, OK-180 reactor, OK-190 reactor, OK-190M reactor, LF-2 “Ludmila” Reactor, AD Reactor, ADE-1 Reactor, ADE-2 Reactor, ADE-3 Reactor, ADE-4 Reactor, ADE-5 Reactor.

Reactors Edit

A list of some reactors under her flagship or participation:

Name Power (in MWe) Technology Producer Status
a 0 a a a
ABV 3-10 PWR OKBM Afrikantov & IPPE Detailed Design
KN-3 300 PWR OKBM Afrikantov & IPPE Operating
OK-650 190 PWR OKBM Afrikantov Operating
OK-550 155 LMFR OKBM Afrikantov Retired
KLT-20 20 PWR OKBM Afrikantov Conceptual Design
KLT-40 35 PWR OKBM Afrikantov Operating
VBER-300 325 PWR OKBM Afrikantov Licensing Stage
VBER-150 110 PWR OKBM Afrikantov Conceptual Design
BN GT-300 300 SFR OKBM, IPPE & SPb AEP Conceptual Design
BMN-170 170 SFR OKBM, IPPE & SPb AEP Conceptual Design
RITM-200 50 PWR OKBM Afrikantov Operating
GT-MHR 285 HTGR OKBM Afrikantov Conceptual Design Completed
MHR-T 4х205.5 HTGR OKBM Afrikantov Conceptual Design
MHR-100 25 - 87 HTGR OKBM Afrikantov Conceptual Design
IRIS 335 PWR OKBM (participant) Basic Design
CEFR 20 LMFR OKBM (participant) Operating
MBUR-12 12 SFR OKBM & IPPE Early Conceptual Design
SAKHA-92 1 PWR OKBM Conceptual Design
BN-600 600 SFR OKBM Operating
BN-800 800 SFR OKBM Operating
BN-1200 1200 SFR OKBM Under Development
z 9999 z z

References Edit

  1. ^ JSC “Afrikantov OKBM”
  2. ^ JSC “Afrikantov OKBM”
  3. ^ "Reactors ready for floating plant". World Nuclear News. 2009-08-07. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
  4. ^ "Shipyard wins giant nuclear icebreaker tender". World Nuclear News. 2012-08-07. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
  5. ^ "Chinese fast reactor starts supplying electricity". World Nuclear News. 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
  6. ^ "The History of PlutoniumProduction in Russia" (PDF). Taylor & Francis Group. 2011. Retrieved 2020-04-15.

External links Edit

  • Official website