|Operator||US Air Force|
|COSPAR ID||1980-011A |
|Mission duration||5 years (planned)|
3.75 years (achieved)
|Spacecraft type||GPS Block I|
|Manufacturer||Rockwell Space Systems |
|Launch mass||758 kg (1,671 lb)|
|Dimensions||5.3 meters of long|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||9 February 1980, 23:08 UTC|
|Rocket||Atlas F / SGS-1|
|Launch site||Vandenberg, SLC-3E|
|Entered service||27 February 1980|
|End of mission|
|Deactivated||28 November 1983|
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit |
|Regime||Medium Earth orbit|
|Perigee altitude||20,144 km (12,517 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||20,219 km (12,564 mi)|
OPS 5117, also known as Navstar 5, GPS I-5 and GPS SVN-5, was an American navigation satellite launched in 1980 as part of the Global Positioning System development programme. It was the fifth of eleven Block I GPS satellites to be launched.
Global Positioning System (GPS) was developed by the U.S. Department of Defense to provide all-weather round-the-clock navigation capabilities for military ground, sea, and air forces. Since its implementation, GPS has also become an integral asset in numerous civilian applications and industries around the globe, including recreational used (e.g., boating, aircraft, hiking), corporate vehicle fleet tracking, and surveying. GPS employs 24 spacecraft in 20,200 km circular orbits inclined at 55°. These vehicles are placed in 6 orbit planes with four operational satellites in each plane.
The first eleven spacecraft (GPS Block 1) were used to demonstrate the feasibility of the GPS system. They were 3-axis stabilized, nadir pointing using reaction wheels. Dual solar arrays supplied over 400 watts. They had S-band communications for control and telemetry and Ultra high frequency (UHF) cross-link between spacecraft. They were manufactured by Rockwell Space Systems, were 5.3 metres across with solar panels deployed, and had a design life expectancy of 5 years. Unlike the later operational satellites, GPS Block 1 spacecraft were inclined at 63°.
OPS 5117 was launched at 23:08 UTC on 9 February 1980, atop an Atlas F launch vehicle with an SGS-1 upper stage. The Atlas used had the serial number 35F, and was originally built as an Atlas F. The launch took place from Space Launch Complex 3E at Vandenberg Air Force Base, and placed OPS 5117 into a transfer orbit. The satellite raised itself into medium Earth orbit using a Star-27 apogee motor.
By 27 February 1980, OPS 5117 had been raised to an orbit with a perigee of 20,144 km (12,517 mi), an apogee of 20,219 km (12,564 mi), a period of 717.94 minutes, and 63.2° of inclination to the equator. The satellite had a design life of 5 years and a mass of 758 kg (1,671 lb). It broadcast the PRN 05 signal in the GPS demonstration constellation, and was retired from service on 28 November 1983.