Ogasawara, Tokyo

Summary

Ogasawara (小笠原村, Ogasawara-mura) is a village in Ogasawara Subprefecture, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan, that governs the Bonin Islands, Volcano Islands, and three remote islands (Nishinoshima, Minamitorishima and Okinotorishima).

Ogasawara
小笠原村
The main settlement on Chichijima
The main settlement on Chichijima
Flag of Ogasawara
Official seal of Ogasawara
Location of the islands of Ogasawara Village
Location of the islands of Ogasawara Village
Coordinates: 27°5′40″N 142°11′31″E / 27.09444°N 142.19194°E / 27.09444; 142.19194Coordinates: 27°5′40″N 142°11′31″E / 27.09444°N 142.19194°E / 27.09444; 142.19194
CountryJapan
RegionKantō[1]
PrefectureTokyo Metropolis
Government
 • MayorKazuo Morishita
Area
 • Total104.41 km2 (40.31 sq mi)
Population
 (October 2016)
 • Total3,029
 • Density26.5/km2 (69/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall addressNishimachi, Chichi-jima, Ogasawara-mura, Tōkyō-to
100-2101
Websitewww.vill.ogasawara.tokyo.jp
Symbols
BirdBonin white-eye
FlowerMunin Himetsubaki (Schima mertensiana)
TreeScrew pine
Port of Futami, Chichi-jima

HistoryEdit

In 1940, five municipalities were created in the islands, which had been unincorporated before, two on Chichijima, two on Hahajima, and one on Iwojima.[2]

  • Ōmura (大村) on Chichijima
  • Ōgimura-Fukurosawa (扇村袋沢村) on Chichijima
  • Kitamura (北村) on Hahajima
  • Okimura (沖村) on Hahajima
  • Iōtō (硫黄島村) on Iwojima (Iōtō), which includes all of the Volcano Islands

Both villages of Kita Iwo Jima became part of the newly created Iwojima municipality in 1940:

  • Ishinomura (east)
  • Nishimura (west)

Following World War II, the islands were administered by the United States. The islands were returned to Japanese control in 1968 and organized as Ogasawara Village.

Airport planEdit

In August 2020, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government held a council about a potential airport.[3] It would be operational in 10 years at the earliest.[3] The mayor of Ogasawara Village, Kazuo Morishita said ""The airport is the village's long-cherished wish. Governor Koike also said at a regular press conference that day, "(The new model plan) is an effective measure to secure the air routes necessary to protect the lives of the islanders."[3]

GeographyEdit

The municipality consists of the following groups and single isolated islands:

  • Bonin Islands (小笠原群島, Ogasawara Guntō), 73.00 km2
    • Mukōjima rettō (聟島列島), 6.57 km2
    • Chichijima rettō (父島列島), 38.89 km2
    • Hahajima rettō (母島列島), 27.54 km2
  • Volcano Islands (火山列島, Kazan-rettō) 29.71 km2
    • Kita Iwojima (北硫黄島, Kita-Iōtō, lit. "North Sulphur Island") 5.57 km2
    • Iwojima (硫黄島, Iōtō, lit. "Sulphur Island") 20.60 km2
    • Minami Iwojima (南硫黄島, Minami-Iōtō, lit. "South Sulphur Island") 3.54 km2
    • Nishinoshima (西之島, lit. "Western Island"; also known as Rosario Island), a single isolated island west of Hahajima rettō and part of the Volcano Islands, 0.29 km2
  • Okinotorishima (沖ノ鳥島 or 沖鳥島, lit. "Remote Bird Island") 0.01 km2
  • Minamitorishima (南鳥島, lit. "Southern Bird Island"; also known as Marcus Island) 1.40 km2

The southernmost (uninhabited) group is known as the Volcano Islands. 700 km further south is Okino Torishima, and 1,900 km further east is Minamitorishima.

The population of the municipality resides on Chichi-jima (pop. about 2300) and Haha-jima (pop. about 500). The administration and village hall is located in the village of Omura on Chichi-jima. In addition, there is an air base with 400 soldiers on Iwojima of the Volcano Islands.[citation needed]

EducationEdit

Ogasawara Village operates the islands' public elementary and junior high schools.[4]

  • Ogasawara Village Municipal Ogasawara Junior High School (小笠原村立小笠原中学校) in Chichi-jima[5]
  • Ogasawara Village Municipal Ogasawara Elementary School (小笠原村立小笠原小学校) in Chichi-jima
  • Ogasawara Village Municipal Haha-jima Elementary School and Junior High School (小笠原村立母島小中学校) on Haha-jima

The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates Ogasawara High School on Chichi-jima.[6]

See alsoEdit

  •   Tokyo portal

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 伊豆・小笠原諸島における 情報通信インフラ整備状況の調査 Archived 24 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine (Survey on improvement conditions of telecommunication infrastructures in Izu-Ogasawara Islands), Kantō Bureau of Telecommunications, retrieved on 16 October 2008.
  2. ^ "Historical Development" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 26 September 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2009.
  3. ^ a b c "小笠原に垂直離着陸可能な「ティルトローター機」案…滑走路500m、環境に配慮". Yomiuri. 2 August 2020. Archived from the original on 27 October 2020.
  4. ^ "学校教育." Ogasawara, Tokyo. Retrieved on 8 March 2018.
  5. ^ 小笠原村立小笠原中学校. www.ogachu.que.ne.jp (in Japanese).
  6. ^ 東京都立小笠原高等学校. www.ogasawara-h.metro.tokyo.jp (in Japanese).

External linksEdit

  • Ogasawara Village Official Website (in Japanese)
  • "Ogasawara subtropical moist forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.