One-shot film

Summary

A one-shot cinema, one-take film, single-take film, continuous shot feature film, or a "oner", is a full-length movie filmed in one long take by a single camera, or manufactured to give the impression it was.[1]

Use and theoryEdit

In a 2019 article, discussing the award-winning film 1917 (2019), Eric Grode of The New York Times wrote that very long takes were becoming popular in more mainstream films "as a sobering reminder of temporality, a virtuosic calling card, a self-issued challenge or all of the above", also citing the Academy Award-winner from several years prior, Birdman (2014).[2]

HistoryEdit

Grode notes that before such films as 1917 and Birdman, the idea of experimenting with long uninterrupted takes had a history of over 80 years, with Alfred Hitchcock being a pioneer. Aside from early experiments like Young and Innocent and Notorious, the most famous early example of a film that extensively uses long takes is the 1948 Rope, which was shot in mainly seven-to-ten–minute continuous takes (the physical limit of film stock at the time) that appear as four long takes of around 15 to 20 minutes each, close to the maximum length allowed by the cinema projectors of the time.[3] Reportedly, James Stewart, star of Rope, did not like the long takes and apparently muttered on set that the cameras were more important than the actors.[2] Hitchcock intended to shoot the film as if it were a play, and timed five of the ten segments to allow for hidden edits behind furniture; elaborate camera and actor choreography was used. He wrote Rope this way because he felt "if time passed between cuts, the suspense of whether the body was still in the trunk would be lost".[4]

Grode also examines the 1958 film Touch of Evil as an example, though only its three-minute opening sequence is shot in real time. However, the use of a real-time ticking bomb through the single shot is seen as a standard.[2]

Notable examplesEdit

Actual "one shot"Edit

Year Title Length Director Nationality Ref.
1982 Macbeth 57 min. (longest shot)† Béla Tarr Hungary [5]
1998 Big Monday 74 min. Michael Rehfield United States [6]
2000 Timecode 97 min. Mike Figgis United States [7]
2002 Russian Ark 96 min. Alexander Sokurov Russia [8]
2007 PVC-1 85 min. Spiros Stathoulopoulos Colombia [9]
2008 Still Orangutans' 81 min. Gustavo Spolidero Brazil [10]
2013 Rati Chakravyuh 102 min. Ashish Avikunthak India [11]
2013 Fish & Cat 134 min. Shahram Mokri Iran [12]
2013 El triste olor de la carne 87 min. Cristóbal Arteaga Spain [13]
2013 Ana Arabia 85 min. Amos Gitai Israel [14]
2013 Somebody Marry Me 98 min. John Asher United States [15]
2013 98 min. Daikuko Mitani Koki Japan [16]
2014 Agadam 123 min. Mohamad Issack India [17]
2015 Victoria 140 min. Sebastian Schipper Germany [18]
2015 Anino sa likod ng buwan 120 min. Jun Lana Philippines [19]
2015 Daksha 142 min. S. Narayan India [20]
2016 Eight 81 min. Peter Blackburn Australia [21]
2016 Immortality 145 min. Mehdi Fard Ghaderi Iran [22]
2016 King Dave 99 min. Podz Canada [23]
2017 Fourplay 77 min. Dean Ronalds United States [24]
2017 The Wedding Party 119 min. Thane Economou United States [25]
2017 One Shot-Fear Without Cut 140 min. Haroon Rashid India [26]
2017 One Cut of the Dead 37 min. Shin'ichirō Ueda Japan [27]
2017 Watch The Sunset 83 min. Tristan Barr & Michael Gosden Australia [28]
2018 The Silent Pasture of Sparrows 20 min. Qmars mootab United States [29]
2018 Utøya: July 22 90 min. Erik Poppe Norway [30]
2018 Blind Spot 98 min. Tuva Novotny Norway [31]
2018 Tatort: Die Musik stirbt zuletzt 87 min. (Swiss German version), 88 min. (Standard German version) Dani Levy Switzerland [32][33]
2019 El Amor No Puede Esperar (Love Can't Wait) 76 min. Juan Carlos Carrasco Mexico [34]
2020 Limbo [de] 89 min. Tim Dünschede Germany [35]
2020 Let's Scare Julie 83 min. Jud Cremata United States [36][37]
2021 Santhoshathinte Onnam Rahasyam 85 min. Don Palathara India [38]
2021 Rendez-Vous 105 min. Pablo Olmos Arrayales Mexico [39]
2021 Roaring 20's 85 min. Elisabeth Vogler France [40]
2021 Boiling Point 94 min. Philip Barantini United Kingdom [41]
2021 Causalidad 115 min. Who (Marcelo Politano) Argentina [42]

† One five minute shot and the film's opening credits precede the film's 57 minute main shot.

Edited to appear as "one shot"Edit

Year Title Length Director Nationality Ref.
1964 Empire 485 min. Andy Warhol United States
1991 Homework 85 min. Jaime Humberto Hermosillo Mexico
1997 Running Time 70 min. Josh Becker United States
2002 Irréversible 97 min. Gaspar Noé France
2009 Enter the Void 161 min. Gaspar Noé France
2010 La Casa Muda 86 min. Gustavo Hernández Uruguay
2011 Silent House 87 min. Chris Kentis, Laura Lau United States
2014 Birdman 119 min. Alejandro G. Iñárritu United States
2017 "eps3.4 runtime-error.r00" (Mr. Robot) 43 min. (TV episode) Sam Esmail United States [43]
2017 Bushwick 94 min. Cary Murnion, Jonathan Milott United States
2018 "Two Storms" (The Haunting of Hill House ep. 1.6) 57 min. (TV episode) Mike Flanagan United States [44][45]
2019 1917 118 min. Sam Mendes United Kingdom
2020 Beyond the Infinite Two Minutes 70 min. Junta Yamaguchi Japan [46]
2021 One Shot 97 min. James Nunn United Kingdom [47]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Best one shot (one-take) movies". FEENTA. 2016-09-25. Retrieved 2018-03-21.
  2. ^ a b c Grode, Eric (December 25, 2019). "'1917' Isn't the First (Supposedly) One-Shot Film. Here's a Timeline". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  3. ^ Bordwell, David (2008). Poetics of Cinema. New York: Routledge. pp. 32–36. ISBN 9780415977791.
  4. ^ "'1917' and 12 Other 'One-Shot' Movies, From 'Timecode' to 'Birdman' (Photos)". TheWrap. 2019-12-23. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  5. ^ "Bela Tarr: Macbeth (1982)". Can't Stop the Movies. 2010-08-03. Retrieved 2016-03-27.
  6. ^ Smith, Clay (1999-03-19). "Reflections". The Austin Chronicle. Austin. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  7. ^ Williams, Richard (2000-08-11). "Once upon a Time Code". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
  8. ^ Ward, Caleb (2014-04-22). "Behind the Scenes of the 96 Minute Shot, The Russian Ark". The Beat. PremiumBeat. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  9. ^ Beale, Lewis (2008-07-15). "A movie shot in real time recalls Colombian nightmare". NY Daily News. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  10. ^ Lowe, Justin (2008-11-12). "Still Orangutans". The Hollywood Reporter. AP. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  11. ^ Sorabjee, Deepika (2014-07-06). "Circling Time". ArtSlant. Retrieved 2015-10-07.
  12. ^ Simon, Alissa (2013-09-17). "Venice Film Review: 'Fish & Cat'". Variety. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  13. ^ Dalton, Stephen (2013-07-10). "The Sad Smell of Flesh (El Triste Olor de la Carne): Karlovy Vary Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  14. ^ Lyttelton, Oliver (2013-09-09). "Venice Review: Amos Gitai's Shot-In-One-Take 'Ana Arabia'". IndieWire. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
  15. ^ "Malibu local completes film". The Malibu Times. 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2020-04-04.
  16. ^ "Mitani Koki to film another single-cut drama starring Takeuchi Yuko". Tokyo Hive. 2013-04-19. Retrieved 2020-06-19.
  17. ^ Jeshi, K. (2014-01-02). "A record start". The Hindu. Retrieved 2015-10-20. JESHI, K. (2014-01-02). "A record start". The Hindu.
  18. ^ Kohn, Eric (2015-02-16). "Adopt Films Picks Up One-Shot Heist Thriller 'Victoria'". IndieWire. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  19. ^ "Shadow Behind the Moon". Five Flavours Film Festival. Retrieved 2017-03-29.
  20. ^ "Duniya Vijay's 'Daksha' with S.Narayan". Sify Movies. 2014-04-07. Archived from the original on 2017-02-05. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  21. ^ Barry, Kristina (2014-03-28). "One shot wonders - how feature film Eight was made". The Creative Issue. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  22. ^ "Rome Film Fest; "Immortality," shot in a single take". variety. 2016-10-03.
  23. ^ Kelly, Brendan (2016-07-11). "Podz's King Dave: One-shot film premières at Fantasia". The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
  24. ^ Scheck, Frank (2018-04-01). "'Fourplay': Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  25. ^ Chitwood, Adam (2017-05-16). "'The Wedding Party' Trailer Reveals Romantic Comedy Shot Entirely in One Take". Collider. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  26. ^ Shukla, Richa (2017-01-02). "Haroon Rashid's film in Guinness World Records". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
  27. ^ Bradshaw, Peter (2019-01-04). "One Cut of the Dead review – zombie films get a shot in the arm". The Guardian. Retrieved 2021-08-30.
  28. ^ Cunningham, James (2017-03-01). "Australia's first single-take feature film, 'Watch the Sunset', with it's [sic] cinematographer Damien Lipp". Australian Cinematographer Magazine. Australian Cinematographers Society. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
  29. ^ Buder, Emily (2018-01-24). "How a Sundance Film Pulled Off a 90-Minute Single Take". No Film School. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  30. ^ Connolly, Kate (2018-02-19). "Utøya massacre re-enactment stuns Berlin audiences". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
  31. ^ Lodge, Guy (2018-10-03). "Film Review: 'Blind Spot'". Variety. Retrieved 2019-02-26.
  32. ^ Brachmann, Jan (2018-08-05). "Luzern hören und sterben". Faz.net. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
  33. ^ comparison between the Swiss and Standard German versions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jRcsqnJeQZw
  34. ^ Carrasco, Juan Carlos, Love Can't Wait (Comedy, Romance), retrieved 2021-03-21
  35. ^ Ortmann, Joana (2020-02-20). "Das ist das One-Shot-Experiment von fünf HFF-Absolventen". Bayerischer Rundfunk. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
  36. ^ "How Jud Cremata pulled off a one-shot thriller with 'Let's Scare Julie'". Screen International. 2020-05-07. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  37. ^ "Let's Scare Julie". Film Seekers. 2020. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  38. ^ "Don Palathara's next is Santhoshathinte Onnam Rahasyam". Cinema Express. 2020-10-19. Retrieved 2020-12-30.
  39. ^ "Thriller Shot in One Take 'Rendez-Vous' Due on VOD Feb. 12 From Level 33". MediaPlayNews. 2021-02-11. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  40. ^ Keslassy, Elsa (April 21, 2021). "Tribeca-Bound, Paris-Set 'Roaring 20's'Acquired by Films Boutique (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved April 22, 2021.
  41. ^ "Boiling Point". 55th Karlovy Vary IFF. Retrieved 2021-08-13.
  42. ^ "Amazon Prime Video premieres Causalidad, a film made entirely in sequence shot". Market Research Telecast. 2021-12-17. Retrieved 2022-01-29.
  43. ^ O'Keeffe, Jack (2017-11-09). "Was That 'Mr. Robot' Episode Really Shot In One Take? "eps3.4_runtime-err0r.r00" Is The Most Ambitious Hour Of The Series So Far". Bustle. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  44. ^ Evangelista, Chris (October 23, 2018). "Here's How 'The Haunting of Hill House' Episode 6 Was Made". /Film.
  45. ^ Stack, Tim (October 23, 2018). "The Haunting of Hill House creator Mike Flanagan on hidden clues, major scares, and a season 2". Entertainment Weekly. Meredith Corporation.
  46. ^ Balmont, James. "Screen sensation: the single-shot thriller bringing time-travel into the Zoom era". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  47. ^ Harvey, Dennis (November 5, 2021). "'One Shot' Review: Defending a High-Security U.S. Military Base in Gimmicky Single-Take Stunt". Variety. Retrieved November 6, 2021.