|Order of Courage|
|Type||Single grade order|
|Awarded for||Selfless courage and valour|
|Presented by||Russian Federation|
|Eligibility||Russian citizens and foreign nationals|
|Established||March 2, 1994|
|First awarded||January 6, 1995|
|Next (higher)||Order of Nakhimov|
|Next (lower)||Order For Military Merit|
The Order of Courage (Russian: Орден Мужества, Orden Muzhestva) is a state decoration of the Russian Federation first established on March 2, 1994 by Presidential Decree 442 to recognise selfless acts of courage and valour. Its statute was amended three times, first on January 6, 1999 by Presidential Decree 19, again on September 7, 2010 by Presidential Decree 1099, and finally on December 16, 2011 by Presidential Decree 1631. The Order of Courage nominally replaced the Soviet Order "For Personal Courage" in the post-USSR Russian awards system.
The Order of Courage is awarded to citizens of the Russian Federation who showed dedication, courage and bravery in protecting public order, fighting crime, in rescuing people during natural disasters, fires, accidents and other emergencies, as well as for bold and decisive actions committed during the performance of military or civil duties under conditions involving a risk to life.
The Order of Courage may be awarded posthumously and may be awarded multiple times to the same recipient.
It may also be awarded to foreign nationals who showed dedication, courage and bravery in the rescue of Russian citizens during natural disasters, fires, accidents and other emergencies outside of the Russian Federation.
The Order of Courage is a vaulted 40 mm wide silver cross pattée with rounded ends. The outer rim of both the obverse and reverse are embossed. At the center of the obverse is the state emblem of the Russian Federation. On the obverse, embossed rays extend outwards from the center to the outer rim in each of the cross's four arms. In the center of the reverse, the relief inscription in stylized Russian Cyrillic «МУЖЕСТВО» ("COURAGE"). On the reverse of the lower cross arm, an "N" in relief and a horizontal line reserved for the award serial number, under the line, a maker's mark.
The badge of the Order of Courage hangs from a standard Russian pentagonal mount with a ring through its suspension loop. The mount is covered by an overlapping 24 mm wide red silk moiré ribbon with 2 mm white edge stripes.
The individuals listed below were recipients of the Order of Courage: